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Основоположні принципи права як його ціннісні виміри.

Науково-практичний юридичний журнал. Випуск 3. – К.: Ін-т держави і права ім. В.М. Корецького НАН України, 2012. – 492 с.





УДК 340.1

Оніщенко Н. М. Принцип законності: наукові реалії сьогодення.

Принципи права — категорія, яка займає одне з провідних місць в загальній теорії держави і права. Серед основоположних принципів: справедливості, гідності, гуманізму. Втім, на наш погляд, є невиправданим майже повна відсутність серйозних монографічних досліджень, присвячених принципу законності, його сутності, природі та значенню в умовах сучасного правового розвитку.

Ключові слова: основоположні принципи права, принцип справедливості, принцип гідності, право, законність, народна правозаконність.

Онищенко Н. Н. Принцип законности: сегодняшние научные реалии.

Принципы права — категория, которая занимает одно из ведущих мест в общей теории государства и права. Среди основополагающих принципов: справедливости, достоинства, гуманизма. Впрочем, на наш взгляд, является неоправданным почти полное отсутствие серьезных монографических исследований, посвященных принципу законности, его сущности, природе и значению в условиях современного правового развития.

Ключевые слова: основополагающие принципы права, принцип справедливости, принцип достоинства, право, законность, народная правозаконность.

Onischenkо N. Legality Principle: Nowadays Scientific Realities.

It should be noted that the category «right» in Ukrainian language has the same root with such terms as righteous, right (proper) and fair. We would also like to connect such category as «principles» with «the adherence to principles». Now more than ever before the right should be «right» («correct»), «righteous» and «principal». In this context the fundamental principles and concepts of equality, justice, humanity, democracy, and dignity are very important.

However, it is important not only to declare certain principles, but also to secure them. Thus, we should draw attention to the principle of legality.

One of the shocking features of our humanitarian editorial space and recently published legal works is the lack of serious monographs and even articles associated with the category of «legality», which almost has disappeared from

the scientific use and popular science publications.

There is no doubt that such situation is not dictated by significant improvements in all spheres of human life, beginning from working conditions up to the relaxation and rest.

The current crisis and its manifestations generate sustainable social and legal nihilism that are transformed today from the sphere of emotions, feelings, sensations and emotions (legal psychology) into the sphere of beliefs, attitudes,

ideas and stereotypes (legal ideology). This stipulates a certain type of this or that behavior of the individual, which is unfortunately not always desirable for society.

Not paying special attention to the analysis of the reasons of such phenomenon (all of them are well-known for the average citizens as well as for statesmen, officials, politicians and scientists etc.) we would like only to emphasize that Ukraine today is called a country with repressive economy, and the imperfection of its social policy is determined.

The abovementioned situation causes another situation, where the government can not «reach out» to a person; people in many respects ignore not only social (moral, religious canons), but also legal norms.

In our point of view, in such circumstances the revival of a respect for the principle of legality and increasing the authority of law are necessary. They are now among of the top-priority urgent tasks of the national science.

Therefore, without offering new «recipes of an instant recovery of society», taking into account that this process should last not for one day, week or month, and that the society can not «recover» as if by magic, and the trust in law and regime of legality can not be immediately risen at the request of both the authorities and representatives of society, we would like to give some considerations that to our deep conviction could serve the solution of this problem, even in a staged way.

First of all some general comments on the social and political content of the category of «legality» should be made. It is no exaggeration that such «contents» there were a lot of them: the revolutionary legality, proletarian legality, «red» legality, socialist legality etc. It is also understandable and clear that the other economic system has changed the idea and notion of many phenomena of social reality. But does that mean that the phenomenon of legality should be smoothed over and disappear from our life? It is no exaggeration to mention that some group of scientists believes that such a «sudden disappearance» of legality is connected with the strengthening and spread of other important principle of nowadays — the rule of law principle. But we clearly uphold the point of view that the rule of law does not oppose the principle of supremacy of laws. By the way, nowadays, as it also was long time before, the legality, efficiency and effectiveness of legislation is associated by the scholars with the law itself.

Leaving aside the difficulties of our life, crisis manifestations and lesions (from the economic sphere up to the moral sphere) we would like to note that the effectiveness of law and effectiveness of legislation, interpretation of the category «legality», or if it is not seemed very ambitious, «popular legality», i.e. the regime of social and political life, which is characterized by highly respect and mandatory compliance with the provisions of the laws (from the average citizen to the officials of the highest level) acquire special significance in these conditions. At least, now there are significant grounds for this.

Key words: fundamental principles of law, the principle of justice, the principle of dignity, right, legality, popular legality.

УДК 342

Селіванов А. О. Від правової до конституційної держави: шлях теорії та практики еволюційних змін.

У статті висвітлюються ознаки правової держави та аналізуються переваги конституційної держави. На думку автора, «конституційна держава» більш досконало відображає сучасну теорію розуміння принципів (цінностей): «панування права», «верховенство Конституції», «конституційні засади організації державної влади», «народний суверенітет і народовладдя» і т.д.

Ключові слова: правова держава, конституційна держава, верховенство права, державна влада, демократія.

Селиванов А. А. От правового к конституционному государству: путь теории и практики эволюционных изменений.

В статье раскрываются признаки правового государства и анализируются прерогативы конституционного государства. По мнению автора, «конституционное государство» более совершенно отражает современную теорию понимания принципов (ценностей): «господство права», «верховенство Конституции», конституционные основы организации государственной власти», «народный суверенитет и народовластие» и т.д.

Ключевые слова: правовое государство, конституционное государство, верховенство права, государственная власть, демократия.

Selivanov A. From the Legal to the Constitutional State: the Way the Theory and Practice of Evolutionary Change.

The article highlights the features of the rule of law and analyzed the benefits of the constitutional state. Among the signs of the modern state is a characteristic of him as «the rule of law», which means the declaration of acceptance of the principle of law, respect for human rights and restrictions in all spheres of power, as the highest value of a person who has his rights, interests, and freedom, which define the content and direction of the state.

In the opinion of the author of «constitutional state» reflects a more thorough understanding of the modern theory of principles (values): «the rule of law», «supremacy of the Constitution», «the constitutional basis for the organization of state power», «popular sovereignty and democracy», etc. It is emphasized that the «constitutional state» implies not only the availability of the Basic Law as a criterion of legal norms and social values that have a direct effect and supremacy of the Constitution provides.

As the author concludes observes that it is important to find signs of a democratic society and democratic government, but without fixing the electoral system, which responds more realistically to the principle of democracy, human rights and freedoms. No guarantee of establishing reference relations between public authorities and public institutions, local government, the reality of the domination of government by the people is difficult to imagine a democratic perspective.

Key words: rule of law, constitutional government, rule of law, government, democracy.

УДК 340.1

Зайчук О. В. Принципи права в контексті розвитку загальної теорії держави і права.

У статті розглядаються правові принципи, які пронизують правову матерію, і у першу чергу, правові ідеї. Принципи — це передусім ідеї. Елемент узагальнення, піднесений над конкретикою, властивий ідеї, досить чітко простежується і в принципах права. Потім принципи перетворюються у норми, втілюються у них. Закон можна вважати правовим настільки, наскільки він уособлює демократичні правові принципи. І насамкінець, зазначає автор, принципи права пронизують процес реалізації права. Вони концентрують результат розвитку права, в них втілюється нерозривний зв’язок минулого, сучасного та майбутнього.

Ключові слова: право, принципи, принципи права, загальна теорія держави і права.

Зайчук О. В. Принципы права в контексте развития общей теории государства и права.

В статье рассматриваются правовые принципы, которые пронизывают правовую материю, и в первую очередь, правовые идеи. Принципы — это прежде всего идеи. Элемент обобщения, возвышенный над конкретикой, присущий идее, достаточно четко прослеживается и в принципах права. Потом принципы превращаются в нормы, воплощаются в них. Закон можно считать правовым настолько, насколько он олицетворяет демократические правовые принципы. И в конце, отмечает автор, принципы права пронизывают процесс реализации права. Они концентрируют результат развития права, в них воплощается неразрывная связь прошлого, настоящего и будущего.

Ключевые слова: право, принципы, принципы права, общая теория государства и права.

Zaychuk O. Legal Principles in the Context of Theory of Law and State Development.

The article is examined legal principles and legal ideas. Principles are the ideas but not only. Principle is engendered as a certain idea in a theory, fastened in the system of legal norms and through them grows into public relations or vice versa: public relations concentrated and fastened in the norms of law and are their basis. Thus, the chart of realization, transformation, in life of principles coincides with the mechanism of origin and realization of right.

There are two principal scientific items, in particular: legislative fixing of legal principle (ideas which are not fastened in a law can not be considered as legal principles); regulative influence on law-enforcement practice can do such legal ideas-principles which are not fastened in law.

An author marks that public interests and necessities which are formed and change regardless of legislator will are fixed in basis of principle. In particular, a basic role in the exposure of such necessities belongs to legal practice which reacts onto changing of place in the field of law.

Key words: right, principles, legal principles, general theory of the state and law.

УДК 347.08

Шевченко Я. М. Ціннісні виміри права як феномена, регулюючого поведінку людини.

Сучасність вимагає розвитку категорій «права людини» і «законність». Права людини можуть слугувати юридичною основою, по-перше, для визначення юридично значимих рішень для органів правосуддя, але треба відзначити, що саме категорія «права людини» не набула поки що достатнього розвитку в законодавстві, в конкретних розробках. Права людини і державно-правове регулювання суспільних відносин далеко не завжди узгоджуються. Наразі назріла потреба в побудові і існуванні розвинутого громадського суспільства, інакше не буде перспективи і в державно-правовому регулюванні: воно буде або цілком пріоритетним перед правами людини або, навпаки, втратить значення регулюючого фактору. Об’єктивне існування норми тим самим зумовлює і об’єктивне існування відповідальності.

Ключові слова: власність, підприємство, права людини, відповідальність.

Шевченко Я. Н. Ценностные измерения права как феномена, регулирующего поведение человека.

Современность требует развития категорий «права человека» и «законность». Права человека могут служить юридической основой, во-первых, для определения юридически значимых решений для органов правосудия, но нужно отметить, что именно категория «права человека» не приобрела пока еще достаточного развития в законодательстве, в конкретных разработках. Права человека и государственно-правовая регуляция общественных отношений далеко не всегда согласовываются. Теперь назревшая потребность в построении и существовании развитого гражданского общества, иначе не будет перспективы и в государственно-правовой регуляции: оно будет или полностью приоритетным перед правами человека или, напротив, потеряет значение регулирующего фактора. Объективное существование нормы тем самым предопределяет и объективное существование ответственности.

Ключевые слова: собственность, предприятие, права человека, ответственность.

Sheuvchenko Y. Value Measures of Law as Phenomena and Regulation of Individual’s Conduct.

Contemporary it is required the development of categories of «human right» and «legality». Human rights can serve as legal base, at first, for determination legally of meaningful decisions for the organs of justice, but it is needed to mark that exactly this category of «human right» did not purchase so far sufficient development in legislation, in concrete developments. Human rights does not always legal adjusting by state. Coming to a head requirement it is in a construction and existence of the developed civil society, otherwise there will not be a prospect and in the state legal adjusting: there will be priority of human rights or visa versa. The existence of norm predetermines objective existence of responsibility.

Key words: property, enterprise, human rights, responsibility.

УДК 349.422.233

Семчик В. І. Принципи кооперативного права.

У статті проаналізовано фундаментальну концепцію кооперації, визначено характерні особливості організації кооперативів і кооперативних систем. Крім того, надано класифікацію кооперативних принципів, та охарактеризовані їх особливості. Також здійснено порівняння міжнародних кооперативних принципів і кооперативної практики з основними кооперативними принципами і практикою їх застосування в Україні. На підставі всебічного аналізу кооперативних принципів і деяких аспектів кооперативної практики визначено основоположні засади, форми і межі втілення кооперативних принципів на законодавчому рівні.

Ключові слова: кооперативні принципи, внутрішньокооперативні відносини, самостійність і незалежність, об’єднання, демократичність управління.

Семчик В. И. Принципы кооперативного права.

В статье проанализирована фундаментальная концепция кооперации, определены характерные особенности организации кооперативов и кооперативных систем. Кроме того, осуществлена классификация кооперативных принципов, и охарактеризованы их особенности. Также проведено сравнение международных кооперативных принципов и кооперативной практики с основными кооперативными принципами и практикой их применения в Украине. На основании всестороннего анализа кооперативных принципов и некоторых аспектов кооперативной практики определены основополагающие принципы, формы и пределы реализации кооперативных принципов на законодательном уровне.

Ключевые слова: кооперативные принципы, внутреннекооперативные отношения, самостоятельность и независимость, объединение, демократичность управления.

Semchyk V. Principles of Cooperate Law.

The article analyzes the fundamental concept of cooperation, defines the characteristics of cooperatives and cooperative systems. In addition, it is given the classification of cooperative principles, and their main features are described. The principles of voluntary and open membership, democratic governance, economic participation, autonomy and independence, education, training and information, cooperation among cooperatives, benefit of association are reviewed. The main purpose of the cooperative law principles is embodying in the legislation a joint

cooperative policy, based on cooperative ideas and fundamental cooperative concepts.

The principles of cooperative law are defined by the constitutional principles: the supremacy of law; declaration humans life and health, honor and dignity, inviolability and security as the highest social value; determination of human rights and freedoms and their guarantees as the essence and orientation of the state activity; admission of the states responsibility for its activity, etc.

The main role of the educational principle is noted. According to this cooperative principle to provide the actual development of the cooperatives their members, elected representatives, administrative staff and employees should be educated and trained due to the needs of cooperative.

Also the comparison of international cooperative principles and practices with main Ukrainian cooperative principles and practices is made. Based on comprehensive analysis of cooperative principles and some aspects of cooperative practices, the basic principles, forms and limits of the cooperative principles implementation to the Ukrainian legislation are defined.

Key words: cooperative principles, inner cooperative relations, autonomy and independence, association, democratic governance.

УДК 340.1

Пархоменко Н. М. Конституційна законність як мета, вимога та правовий режим: теоретичні аспекти.

У статті проаналізовано категорію «конституційна законність» як принцип організації та функціонування суспільства та держави, метод здійснення державної влади, режим суспільно-політичного життя. Зроблено висновок про те, що метою реалізації принципу конституційної законності є забезпечення верховенства Конституції України як основного джерела права та відповідно верховенства права як засадничого принципу правової, соціальної, демократичної держави, ефективна діяльність органів публічної


Ключові слова: конституційна законність, верховенство конституції, верховенство права, державна влада.

Пархоменко Н. Н. Конституционная законность как цель, требования и правовой режим: теоретические аспекты.

В статье проанализирована категория «конституционная законность» как принцип организации и функционирования общества и государства, метод осуществления государственной власти, режим общественно-политической жизни. Сделан вывод о том, что целью реализации принципа конституционной законности является обеспечение верховенства Конституции Украины как основного источника права и соответственно верховенства права как основополагающего принципа правового, социального, демократического государства, эффективная деятельность органов публичной власти.

Ключевые слова: конституционная законность, верховенство конституции, верховенство права, государственная власть.

Parkhomenko N. The Constitutional Legitimacy as the Aim, Requirement and Legal Regime: Theoretical Aspects.

The article analyzes the category of «constitutional legality» as a principle of organization and functioning of society and state, its method of government, regime of social and political life. It was concluded that the implementation of the principle of constitutional legitimacy provides supremacy of Constitution of Ukraine as the main source of law and the rule of law as a fundamental principle of legal, social, democratic state and effective work of public authorities.

Key words: constitutional legitimacy, the rule of constitution, rule of law, the state government.

УДК 340.11

Колодій А. М. Принципи права: генеза, поняття, класифікація та реалізація.

У статті досліджуються проблеми пов’язані із ґенезою, розумінням, класифікацією та реалізацією принципів права загалом та у процесі формування громадянського суспільства і правової держави в Україні, зокрема.

Ключові слова: ґенеза принципів права, розуміння принципів права, класифікація принципів права, реалізація принципів права.

Колодий А. Н. Принципы права: генезис, понятие, классификация и реализация.

В статье исследуются проблемы связанные с генезисом, понятием, классификацией и реализацией принципов права, в целом, и в процессе формирования гражданского общества и правового государства в Украине, в частности.

Ключевые слова: генезис принципов права, понимание принципов права, классификация принципов права, реализация принципов права.

Kolodiy A. Principles of Law: Genesis, Concept, Classification аnd Practice.

The article deals with genesis, comprehension, classification and realization of legal principles in general and in particular in respect of formation process of democratic society and law-bound state in Ukraine. It is shown in the following: 1) the sociality the main sources has been analyzed; 2) the most important features and identical definition are being formulated based on separated features; 3) the classification of legal principles, its criteria and types are being examined; 4) the realization of legal principles have been investigated in the process of development

of native democratic society and law-bound state.

Key words: genesis of legal principles, comprehension of legal principles, classification of legal principles, realization of legal principles.

УДК 340.1

Гусарєв С. Д. Гуманізм як основоположна ідея сучасного правового світогляду.

У статті висвітлюються питання гуманістичного світогляду. Визначаються шляхи запровадження гуманістичної ідеї у практику функціонування правової системи України.

Ключові слова: гуманізм, права людини, правовий гуманізм, гуманістична конституція, гуманістичний рух, гуманістична держава.

Гусарев С. Д. Гуманизм как основоположная идея правового мировоззрения.

В статье освещаются вопросы гуманистического мировоззрения. Определяются пути воплощения гуманистической идеи в практику функционирования правовой системы Украины.

Ключевые слова: гуманизм, права человека, правовой гуманизм, гуманистическая конституция, гуманистическое движение, гуманистическое государство.

Gusarev S. Fundamental Idea of Humanism as a Legal Outlook.

The article reveals the concept of humanism as most essential understanding of the law qualities. It is characterized as a general measure of freedom, equality and justice in society. These social values as freedom, equality, and justice are the essence of humanism law. In the modern period the problems of humanity is addressed to objective need of present stage of jurisprudence development.

From the standpoint of historical approach the humanism, as a system of views onto role of individual in society, as a philosophical doctrine emerged in the Renaissance epoch. It embryos as the primary idea of the individual value and can be observed at the culture of ancient societies.

Since the Renaissance humanism has formed two different trends. The first embodied in humanistic views of progressive bourgeois of XVII — XIX centuries. Second was in the ideology of national liberal movement and the teachings of utopian socialists.

Humanism ideas were developed in the works of Marxism and later in books of Socialists. The humanism is considered in the context on «objectively existing relations» man-society».

Social development period of the twentieth century caused the need to think about the prospects for human development and therefore greater interest to appeal the problems of humanity to anticipate opportunities out of crises that threaten the normal development of society.

Modern political scientists, philosophy, legal theory, industry experts are also working on these issues, taking into account both historical aspects and European integration.

In this regard, in scientific terminology as follows: «humanitarian policy», «humanitarian issues of national security», «international humanitarian law», «humanitarian aid», «humanitarian activities», «humanitarian society», «humanitarian Education», «humanistic way of life», «legal humanism», «humanistic constitution», «humanistic movement».

The article stresses man-model legislation provides that the rights, freedoms and interests is the main criteria for determining the quality of legislation. Rule statute can not limit the freedom of man outside unless it is necessary to ensure the freedom of others. Otherwise, this provision recognizes as unfair and therefore unlawful.

Current law allows the methodology to consider humanism in law: a fundamental idea of legal philosophy based on ideals of liberty, equality and justice that are the essence of humanism as a defining principle of law, under which a person is recognized as the highest value, purpose, and never as means, as real state relations, built on a balance of interests and equality. It is impossible to external compulsion against a particular law of freedom.

As the phenomenon of cultural life the humanity in each country has its particular manifestations, methods of implementation, always has concrete historical content. At the same time, humanism is a measure of civilized man and society, permeates all spheres of human life, as universal as universal values.

Humanization of social life can occur in various areas of public policy, including through legal transformationoriented human rights that are not only social and legal value, but the obstacle to arbitrary interference in the sphere of individual freedom, mechanism of realization of human capabilities.

Recognition of the fundamental idea of humanism include: the improvement of national legislation to bring it into line with European standards of human rights, improve the legal culture, a system of guarantees of the independence of justice, improve the effectiveness of human rights institutions.

Key words: humanism, human rights, legal humanism, humanist constitution, humanistic movement, humanistic state.

УДК 340.1

Тихомиров О. Д. Принципи права в компаративістському контексті.

У статті висвітлюються аспекти компаративістського підходу до осмислення принципів права. Обґрунтовується доцільність їх пізнання у «форматі» співвідношення загального, особливого, одиничного та унікального.

Ключові слова: принципи права, компаративний підхід, плюралізм правових культур, принцип компаративності права, соціальні регулятори, «неуніверсальність» права.

Тихомиров А. Д. Принципы права в компаративистском контексте.

В статье освещаются аспекты компаративистского подхода к осмыслению принципов права. Обосновывается целесообразность их познания в «формате» соотношения общего, особенного, единичного и уникального.

Ключевые слова: принципы права, компаративний подход, плюрализм правовых культур, принцип компаративности права, социальные регуляторы, «неуниверсальность» права.

Tikhomyrov O. The Principles of Law in Comparative Context.

Article is devoted to aspects of the comparative understanding of the principles of law in the «format» value for the general, special, single and unique, based on the recognition of pluralism and equality of legal cultures, the interaction of legal systems, the need to develop a global legal space not only universal but also regional, national original, which is aimed at more efficient use of the comparative approach and achievements of modern comparative law.

The article notes that during the years of Ukraine’s independence, principles of law in a particular aspect investigated more than 180 theses on jurisprudence, which unlike traditional Soviet legal science, more attention is drawn to their pluralism (diversity) not only in the context of the respective classifications, but the ratio of human, civilization and national values.

The author emphasizes the basic approach to understanding the principles of comparative law is the knowledge of their value because of the general, special, single and unique quality in the coordinates (properties) and quantitative (prevalence) measurements. Its feature as opposed to purely theoretical approach is that understanding the principles of law oriented towards the specific realities (legal acts, legal awareness, legal practice, legal research, etc.) to clarify common and different between them in the context of the selected range of objects mapping (world order, interstate and super-state association, national legal systems, their components, etc.), and in diachronic and synchronic aspects, or, preferably, in their unity. The second feature is that it is not based on the universality of existence and

knowledge of the principles of law, and their pluralism — diversity.

The article emphasizes that the originality of comparative approach to the knowledge of the principles and appears to use the format «one — the second — other», which allows you to display, record, learn principles of law in relations porivnyanosti — neporivnyanosti, and using the concept of relativity — depending on interpretation of legal principles of aspects of coordinates reason, parameters not only study, but the real processes of their genesis, formation of prevalence. Yes, as a form of knowledge of the principles of law as diverse as our own principles of law that is uncertain possibility of a unified and true (theory, concept, doctrine) about them.

The article notes that each of the existing forms of knowledge of the principles of law (philosophy, science, religion, mythology, and everyday practical knowledge) reflects and understands the world of her legal means, methods, ways and forms as a result of the peculiar world view, which are regulators of conduct and their thinking.

Real space transformation principles of law and their understanding of diversity and equality formed countries, cultures, civilizations, and consequently the principles of national law, which became official recognition at the international and national levels. This allows, in the opinion of the author to distinguish among the principles of law principle komparatyvnosti rights as recognition of generality, features and uniqueness (originality) legal culture (national legal systems, traditions, etc.).

The paper formulated the conclusion that vision Comparative principles of law aimed at understanding their formation, recognition and knowledge in the context of the general, special, single and unique formats of time, space, diversity of legal cultures, the reality of their interactions.

Key words: principles of law, comparative approach, legal pluralism of cultures, komparatyvnosti principle of law, social controls, «neuniversalnist» rights.

УДК 340

Ковальський В. С. Функції права: ціннісний та сутнісний виміри.

Стаття присвячена дослідженню функцій права у їх взаємодії з принципами права. Обґрунтовується, що досвід становлення правової держави в України привів до переходу від статичного до динамічного розуміння функцій права. Надається визначення та виокремлюються критерії класифікації функцій права за суб’єктом, об’єктом, способами, засобами та формами реалізації

Ключові слова: функції права, принципи права, система права.

Ковальский В. С. Функции права: ценностное и сущностное измерения.

Статья посвящена исследованию функций права в их взаимодействии с принципами права. Обосновывается, что опыт становления правового государства в Украине привел к переходу от статического к динамическому пониманию функций права. Дается определение и выделяются критерии классификации функций права в зависимости от субъекта, объекта, способов, средств и форм реализации.

Ключевые слова: функции права, принципы права, система права.

Kovalskiy V. The Functions of Law: The Essential Value and Measurement.

The article is devoted to research features of law in their dealings with the principles of law. Substantiated that the experience of building the rule of law in Ukraine led to the transition from of understanding the dynamic functions of law, that is, from one-sided (command) to the dummy (social value) the nature of law. Therefore it is appropriate to call the legal function double definition (e.g. organizational and integrative function — organizational and integrative) as a function component reflects its stability, the other — the dynamics, variability according to the social and legal development. The author refers to the analysis of the term «function» in general and legal science, in particular, and concludes that the concept of «function of law» includes philosophical and legal, general and partly legal interpretation. Available functions of law as objectively defined the main directions of its impact (including activities), which express the nature, purpose, role and place of law in society. Distinguished features classification criteria for subjects, objects, methods, means and forms of implementation, according to which the distinguished national functions (political, social, economic, cultural, ideological, ecological, etc.), certain types of functions, including power ( legislative, executive, judicial), major (political, economic, financial, cultural, ideological) and additional (informative, integrative, predictive, software), external and internal functions of the state. It is alleged that the functions of law are implemented through the law, including by industry, institutions, regulations, contracts, precedents, by acts of law as well as by the activities of public authorities. It determines the developed concept of understanding the functions based on the separation of law and legal categories «Legalism», «yusnaturalizm», «legal libertarizm» and established a category of «legal reality».

Key words: functions of law, principles of law, legal system.

УДК 342.31

Шевченко А. Є., Туренко О. С. Покарання» та «намір» в канонічному праві: сподівання П’єра Абеляра.

У статті розглядається концептуальні основи першої спроби в історії західноєвропейської юриспруденції розрізнити поняття «покарання» та «намір». Ця спроба була реалізована канонічним правом і ґрунтувалася на етичні доктрини П. Абеляра, який мав сподівання на те, що його вчення перетворить людину з об’єкта впливу на суб’єкта вільної волі та права.

Ключові слова: канонічне право, покарання, намір, гріх, суб’єктивізм.

Шевченко А. Е., Туренко О. С. Наказание» и «намерение» в каноничном праве: надежды Пьера Абеляра.

В статье рассматривается концептуальные основы первой попытки в истории западноевропейской юриспруденции различить понятие «наказания» и «намерение». Эта попытка была реализована каноничным правом и основывалась на этической доктрине П. Абеляра, который имел надежду на то, что его учение превратит человека из объекта влияния, в субъект свободной воли и права.

Ключевые слова: каноническое право, наказание, намерение, грех, субъективизм.

Shevchenco A., Turenko O. «Punishment» and «Intention» in Canon Law: The Hopes of Pierre Abelard.

An ethical teaching of Abelard is one of the first attempts of Western European intellectuals to distinguish the concept of sin and legal offenses. Theologian offers a vital rule: «Understand that trust», and relying on it formulates the principles of moral subjectivism — individual responsibility of man for his actions and is a concept whereby a person can overcome his vicious nature and to identify the virtuous path of salvation. Thus, a reasonable person’s ability, inclination of the soul to good Abelard puts it above the sinful heredity. Thus, a person becomes an object of influence on the free subject.

In the notion of Abelard sin — a layman contempt for God, sin — it is conscious or unconscious action that does not conform to the principles of the faith of the individual. Sin is less likely related to the natural depravity of man, from its original sin, and carries a subjective, social nature. It appears at a moment when a person departs from his convictions. This is a violation of social norms defined the right to consent rights for illegal action. Conscious rejection of beliefs and values, that individual long used in life is the hardest sin.

Unconscious sin is an act that was committed through ignorance. In this case, a single act does not take a moral guilt before God, and therefore can not be punished because God judges a man not so much of our deeds, and because of that soul she did this act. Sin through ignorance is overcome Sacrament and, most importantly, conscious repentance, indicating layman in his emotional and mental imperfection, mobilizing it in a thorough self-control and virtuous life within the limits of the church community. However, unconscious sin can cause damage to the community or individual. In this case, the person who committed a crime should be punished earthly court. Thus, Abelard sin divides into two levels — supernatural level, where the only judge is God and the earthly level court that determines guilt and punishment for the crimes subject of the action within legal norms.

Abelard defines sinful choices as the notion of «intention». This term allows the thinker to realize the difference between sins of legal violations. It takes moral evaluation of the results of intention, internal basis performed an act that is the definition of reason, guided man before the act. All struggle, all the contradictions that unfold in the human soul, in his conscience. Thus, the concept of «intention» and «punishment» separated thinker. Intention is moral and religious sphere of life of the individual. It may be known to other individuals and, in spite of its vicious nature is punished ecclesiastical court, but morally defendant church community as judges can only external manifestation of the act — that the action violates the social order. In this case, the punishment must match the intent of the individual not as the evil done to the community. Thus Abelard’s ordering is concept sinful

intention and legal offenses, legal decisions. Last governed social order is preserving harmony and justice in the community. This thinker paid attention that legal decisions should recognize and take into account the intention of the person.

So, first, the canon law begins to share the religious notion of sin and crime as a social force, and secondly, the prerogative of earthly justice is external performance against common expectations; Third, the church court should divide the external action and intention of the individual, his conviction, the fourth , a church court may consider intention only in extreme cases where convictions laity are signs of «deadly sin»; Fifth, the court had the attributes of objectivity, it should analyze and identify the person intends to measure its jurisdiction; Sixth, punishment must be proportional the crime, it is necessary to account of intention. Thus, separation of moral guilt and legal violations that took place over the definition of «intent» in the ethical teachings of Abelard, followed by canonists’ twelfth century, reveals humanistic aspirations of intellectuals in the transformation of an object with influence on the subject of free will and right. This principle is the foundation of modern European law and the basis for formation responsible for their lives and actions of the individual.

Key words: canon law, punishment, intent, sin, subjectivism.

УДК 340.114

Стеценко С. Г. Основоположні принципи соціальної держави.

У статті висвітлюються проблемні питання основоположних принципів соціальної держави. Основну увагу приділено принципам рівності та справедливості.

Ключові слова: основоположні принципи, соціальна держава, рівність, справедливість.

Стеценко С. Г. Основополагающие принципы социального государства.

В статье освещаются проблемные вопросы основополагающих принципов социального государства. Основное внимание уделено принципам равенства и справедливости.

Ключевые слова: основополагающие принципы, социальное государство, равенство, справедливость.

Stetsenko S. The Fundamental Principles of the Welfare State.

Тhis article highlights the problematic issues of fundamental principles of the welfare state. Emphasis is placed on principles of equality and justice. In particular, it highlights the problem of the relations of equality and freedom.

The principle of justice allows the presence of unequal initial human capabilities to provide a minimum adequate standard of living. The principle of justice allows the presence of unequal initial human capabilities to provide a minimum adequate standard of living. It is concluded that the principles of equality and justice have become a kind of «roadmap» for the state social policy and at the same time «barrier» of hasty, unfounded, politically conditioned efforts of the state in the social sphere.

Key words: basic principles, welfare state, equality, justice.

УДК 340.0; 340.1; 342

Лощихін О. М. Конституція України та принципи соціальної держави.

Статтю присвячено дослідженню проблем визначення змісту і сутності соціальної держави, притаманних їй принципів і виконуваних функцій. Узагальнено зарубіжний досвід функціонування соціальної державності.

Ключові слова: соціальна держава, соціально-економічні права, соціальне право, соціальне законодавство, соціальний захист.

Лощихин А. Н. Конституция Украины и принципы социального государства.

Статья посвящена исследованию проблем определения содержания и сущности социального государства, свойственных ему принципов и выполняемых ним функций. Обобщен зарубежный опыт функционирования социальной государственности.

Ключевые слова: социальное государство, социально-экономические права, социальное право, социальное законодательство, социальная защита.

Loshchykhin O. The Constitution of Ukraine and Social State Principles.

The article deals with the investigation of problems arising in the determining a social state’s substance and nature, its inherent principles and the functions performed. It is pointed out, that successful activities of the state in the social field are one of the conditions for the efficient realization of economical, political and other state functions. Social activities of the state are its activities aiming to provide adequate living standards for each individual and create equal and just opportunities for its personal development. The substance of state’s functions under the social and economic reforms is determined by the new objectives of the modern state in the social sphere, the latter stipulated by the declaration of the social state concept.

The principles of the main trends and forms of the regulating impact of the Constitution of Ukraine as a regulatory and legal document of the highest legal effect in the formation, development and reformation of the public relations in the social and economic sphere were examined; their role and substance were analysed. It is being proved that formation and activities of all the institutes of a democratic, legal and social state are directly dependant on the substance of the norms of the Constitution of Ukraine, the efficiency of their realization.

The experience of a social statehood functioning in the newly industrialized nations, where the transition to the market economy and its rapid development were supported by a very active participation of the state, is summarized. It is held that the fundamental transformations in the economic and legal sphere of the contemporary post-socialist nations with all the definiteness address the questions of the necessity of the fundamental revision of the role and place of the state authorities of different levels in the life sustenance system of the society.

Key words: social state, social and economic rights, social law, social legislation, social security.

УДК 342.9

Андрійко О. Ф., Нагребельний В. П., Кисіль Л. Є., Педько Ю. С., Дерець В. А., Пухтецька А. А., Кірмач А. В. Принцип верховенства права: проблеми тлумачення та застосування в адміністративному праві.

У статті розглянуто актуальні питання тлумачення змісту принципу верховенства права у вітчизняній адміністративно-правовій доктрині, визначено основні проблеми нормативного закріплення вимог означеного принципу в українському законодавстві. Визначено ключові питання запровадження вимог принципу верховенства права у діяльності органів виконавчої влади України.

Ключові слова: адміністративне право, принцип верховенства права, система органів виконавчої влади, адміністративне законодавство, юридична визначеність, законність, державна служба, корупція.

Андрийко О. Ф., Нагребельный В. П., Кисель Л. Е., Педько Ю. С., Дерец В. А., Пухтецкая А. А., Кирмач А. В. Принцип верховенства права: проблемы толкования и применения в административном праве.

В статье рассмотрены актуальные вопросы толкования содержания принципа верховенства права в отечественной административно-правовой доктрине, определены основные проблемы нормативного закрепления требований данного принципа в украинском законодательстве. Определены ключевые вопросы внедрения требований принципа верховенства права в деятельности органов исполнительной власти Украины.

Ключевые слова: административное право, принцип верховенства права, система органов исполнительной власти, административное законодательство, юридическая определенность, государственная служба, коррупция.

Andriyko O., Nahrebelny V., Kysil L., Pedko Y., Derets V., Pukhtetska A., Kirmach A. The Rule of Law Principle: Issues of Interpretation and Application at the Administrative Legislation of Ukraine.

The article reveals modern issues of interpretation the Rule of law principle’s essence in the domestic administrative legal doctrine, defines the main problems of normative fixation of this principle’s demands in the Ukrainian legislation. There have been stipulated the key aspects of the Rule of law principle implementation at the activities of executive authorities of Ukraine. The article is focused on discussion dedicated to actual issues of public service institute improvement in Ukraine in the contest of the Rule of Law principle implementation.

The authors have defined different approaches to interpretation of the essence of the Rule of Law principle, peculiarities of its application in different fields of public activities, especially regarding legal connections between the abovementioned principle and democratic nature of the state, special types of court jurisdictions etc.

Key words: administrative law, the Rule of Law principle, system of executive authorities, administrative legislation, legal certainty, legality, public service, corruption.

УДК 340.1

Плавич В. П., Плавич С. В. Засадничі принципи правотворчої діяльності як основа її ефективності.

В статті досліджено природу, функціонування та розвиток основних (засадничих) принципів правотворчої діяльності. Показано, що принципи правотворчості є тими засадами, на яких стверджується цілеспрямована та ґрунтовна робота по створенню правових норм, перспектив розвитку не тільки права, а й суспільства і держави.

Ключові слова: принципи правотворчості, правотворча діяльність, удосконалення законодавства, регулятори суспільних відносин.

Плавич В. П., Плавич С. В. Основные принципы правотворческой деятельности как основа ее эффективности.

В статье исследовано природу, функционирование и развитие основных принципов правотворческой деятельности. Показано, что принципы правотворчества являются теми основами, на которых утверждаются целенаправленная и основательная работа по созданию правовых норм, перспектив развития не только права, а и общества и государства.

Ключевые слова: принципы правотворчества, правотворческая деятельность, совершенствование законодательства, регуляторы общественных отношений.

Plavich V., Plavich S. Basic Principles of Law-Making as the Basis of its Effectiveness.

The article explored the nature, functioning and development of the basic (fundamental) principles of lawmaking activities. It is shown that the principles of lawmaking principles are the ones that allegedly targeted and substantial work on the creation of legal norms, perspectives of not only rights but also society and the State.

The most fundamental principle of lawmaking on the modern stage of nation-building is the principle of the rule of law.

All, without exception, actions of subjects of law-making activities occur under authority of legislation and within the overall constitutional norms. Herewith defining the concept of legitimacy used its lawmaking activity in general and special sense. In the first case comes to compliance with the general law-making constitutional principle of democratic and legal state( that is this laws and other normative-legal acts shouldn’t contrary to the spirit of constitutionally established rights and freedoms of human and citizen, encroach on State and public order, border of management, etc). However, the principle of legality in the activities of the lawmaking in a narrow (special) sense is on the front of the observance of legislative procedure (order of development, discussion, adoption and promulgation of the regulations), as well as adherence to the hierarchy of legal acts. Legality is a universal principle and addressed as to law — makers as to measures.

Taking into account the priority directions of State policy on the modern stage of euro integration processes considered it necessary to highlight on our opinion, undoubtedly an important principle-the principle of international priority, since international law is integral to the domestic legal system.

Harmonization of the legal system of Ukraine with the norms and standards of international law related to the amplification in the world integration processes. Implementation of the priority of international law in legal practice in Ukraine requires first and foremost improving legislation, which should provide a mechanism for the implementation of international legal standards in the legal system of Ukraine. The following security is not only domestic but also international legal responsibility of the State.

Based on the analysis of the fundamental principles of law-making activity, it becomes apparent that law-making is based on the following basic principles that are commonly accepted the essence of the activity, its characteristics and basic directions. Such principles are : 1) the rule of law; 2) democracy; 3) scientific; 4) the legality; 5) professionalism; 6) humanism; 7) international priority.

The implementation of these principles in the law — making activity contributes to its effectiveness and improvement in terms of compliance with law, social feasibility of normative-legal acts that are accepted and their classification, as well as principles of data directly affect social development, democratic, legal State.

Key words: principles of lawmaking, law-making activity, improvement of the legislation, the regulators of public relations.

УДК 342.5

Батанов О. В. Принципи місцевого самоврядування як ціннісний вимір сучасного муніципалізму в Україні.

У статті висвітлюються актуальні проблеми становлення муніципалізму та його інститутів з точки зору принципів місцевого самоврядування. Показаний діалектичний взаємозв’язок між процесами становлення муніципалізму в сучасній Україні та станом реалізації принципів місцевого самоврядування.

Ключові слова: сучасний муніципалізм, муніципальне право, місцеве самоврядування, принципи місцевого самоврядування, територіальна громада.

Батанов А. В. Принципы местного самоуправления как ценностное измерение современного муниципализма в Украине.

В статье освещаются актуальные проблемы становления муниципализма и его институтов с точки зрения принципов местного самоуправления. Показана диалектическая взаимосвязь между процессами становления муниципализма в современной Украине и состоянием реализации принципов местного самоуправления.

Ключевые слова: современный муниципализм, муниципальное право, местное самоуправление, принципы местного самоуправления, территориальная громада.

Batanov O. The Principles of Local Self-Government as a Value-Dimension of Modern Municipalizm in Ukraine.

The article highlights the actual issues of formation municipalizm and its institutions in terms of the principles of local self-government. The municipalizm evaluated as historical and natural evolution stage of liberalization and democratization of social and political life of civilized nations, which is determined by the objective needs of society and the need for a guarantor of social functioning. This objective requires process operation civilized democracies based on rule of law and recognition of human rights and freedoms as the highest social value.

It was given analyze of theoretical and methodological issues of definition and understanding the exposing of principles of local self-government institute development in Ukraine. The analyses and evaluation of the category is carried out by understanding the principles in law, it is exposed politic and legal nature of local self-government principles, their classification and specific description. It is analyzed in detail rich in content description of local self-government principles in Ukraine and their system, the sphere of their functioning, problem of their interpretation and legalization, and also role of international standards of local self-government, are certain in their forming.

The dialectical interaction between municipalizm formation in modern Ukraine and implementation of the local self-government principles were shown.

Key words: modern municipalizm, municipal law, local self-government, principles of local self-government, territorial community.

УДК 342.55

Мяловицька Н. А. Автономія: поняття, принципи, класифікація.

В статті досліджується поняття автономії в конституційному праві, принципи їх утворення та критерії класифікації.

Ключові слова: автономні утворення, децентралізація, місцеве самоврядування, регіоналізація, територіальна та екстериторіальна автономії.

Мяловицкая Н. А. Автономия: понятие, принципы, классификация.

В статье исследуется понятие автономии в конституционном праве, принципы их образования и критерии классификации.

Ключевые слова: автономные образования, децентрализация, местное самоуправление, регионализация, территориальная и экстерриториальная автономия.

Mialovytska N. Autonomy: Concepts, Principles, Classification.

The article is dedicated to the understanding of autonomy concept in constitutional law. Author’s definition of autonomy as a form of state in which the state pays attention to national, historical, economic, geographical, religious and other characteristics of the population of selected areas giving them enhanced rights for local government and provides the political and cultural demands of different forms of these groups by their extraterritorial self. We consider a variety of forms of autonomy, principles of formation and classification criteria. Defined two main types of autonomy: territorial and extraterritorial (cultural). By indicating that autonomous movements it is possible to improve the state system, the implementation of state power decentralization, optimization of local management

and local government, to protect cultural values of peoples living in this country.

Key words: self-education, decentralization, local government, regionalization, territorial and extraterritorial autonomy.

УДК 342.565.2 (477)

Кампо В. М. Основні принципи діяльності Конституційного Суду України: cтруктурний вимір.

У статті на основі аналізу положень Конституції України, Закону України «Про Конституційний Суд України», Регламенту Конституційного Суду України, а також правових позицій єдиного органу конституційної юрисдикції в Україні досліджується структура принципів діяльності Конституційного Суду України.

Ключові слова: Конституційний Суд України, конституційне судочинство, принципи діяльності Конституційного Суду України.

Кампо В. М. Основные принципы деятельности Конституционного Суда Украины: структурное измерение.

В статье на основе анализа положений Конституции Украины, Закона Украины «О Конституционном Суде Украины», Регламента Конституционного Суда Украины, а также правовых позиций единого органа

конституционной юрисдикции в Украине исследуется структура принципов деятельности Конституционного Суда Украины.

Ключевые слова: Конституционный Суд Украины, конституционное судопроизводство, принципы деятельности Конституционного Суда Украины.

KampoV. Fundamental Principles of Activities of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine: Structural Dimension.

The article concerns the structure of principles of activities of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on the grounds of analysis of provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine, the Law of Ukraine «On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine», the Rules and Procedures of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine as well as legal positions of the sole body of the constitutional jurisdiction of Ukraine.

In particular, it has been analyzed the principle of the rule of law and researched its components: justice, commensurability (proportionality), legal certainty. It has been structured the principle of independence of judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.

The article also analyses principles of collectivity, equality of judges, publicity, fullness and depth of consideration of cases and validity of decisions adopted by the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.

As a result, the principles of activities of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine are determined as the structurally ordered system of interconnected, interdependent legal ideas, which in its totality achieve the goal of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and determine its legal status.

Key words: Constitutional Court of Ukraine, constitutional justice, principles of activities of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.



УДК 340.12

Біржакова Є. О. Порівняльна характеристика властивостей та принципів права (теоретико-правовий аспект).

В статті досліджуються основні категорії права: його властивості об’єктивного характеру та основоположні засади — принципи. Визначаються їх спільні та відмінні риси. Порівняльний аналіз принципів та властивостей права здійснюється на прикладі такої складної та багатогранної категорії, як «справедливість».

Ключові слова: право, властивості права, принципи права, праворозуміння, справедливість.

Биржакова Е. А. Сравнительная характеристика свойств и принципов права (теоретико-правовой аспект).

В статье исследуются основные категории права: его свойства объективного характера и основоположные идеи — принципы. Определяются их общие и отличительные черты. Сравнительный анализ принципов и свойств права осуществляется на примере такой сложной и многогранной категории, как «справедливость».

Ключевые слова: право, свойства права, принципы права, правопонимание, справедливость.

Birzhakova E. Comparative Description of Properties and Principles of Law (Legal Theoretical Aspect).

The law is a difficult and multidimensional category. The important aspect of research of law as a scientific category is a determination of its nature, essence and social setting. The analysis of modern law in the process of its forming, functioning and realization, unavoidable appears as a difficult intensive cognitive process.

In the article are examined the major categories of law, among which its properties in objective nature and the founding ideas — principles. Properties of law are considered as necessary structural characteristics of law which in its totality make quality of the law and give possibility to describe law as integral, independent phenomenon in objective reality. Properties of law are in unity, dialectical co-operation and combination. Properties of law provide it to ensure high increase in organization of public relations, making them well-regulated and the order. Principles of law are considered by author as the fundamental idea which is governed by law. Principles of law have an universal value, designed in industry of basic human rights and got fixing at an international level.

The author comes to the conclusion that principles of law are derivative from its properties. It means that the properties of the law objective character are primary characteristics of law as phenomenon of social reality. In the article are also considered general signs of properties and principles of the law among which, in particular: the need to define various aspects of the manifestation of both categories; implementation of these categories in public practice and their impact on the effectiveness of legal regulation; specificity of properties and principles of law in the plane of different approaches to legal understanding, as well as the universal nature some of them in the aspect of consideration as a natural or positive legal understanding, etc.

The comparative analysis of properties and principles of law is carried out on the example of such complex and multifaceted category as «justice». An author concludes that justice is not just a principle of law, namely its property.

Key words: the law, properties of law, principles of law, legal understanding, justice.

УДК 340.12

Бобровник С. В. Правовий компроміс і правовий конфлікт як ціннісні виміри права.

Аналізуються наукові підходи до характеристики компромісу і конфлікту у праві. Обґрунтовується авторське бачення цих категорій та їх ознак як ціннісних вимірів права.

Ключові слова: цінність права, правовий конфлікт, правовий компроміс.

Бобровник С. В. Правовой компромисс и правовой конфликт как ценностные измерения права.

Анализируются научные подходы к характеристике компромисса и конфликта в праве. Обоснован авторский взгляд на эти категории, их черты как ценностных измерений права.

Ключевые слова: ценность права, правовой конфликт, правовой компромисс.

Bobrovnyk S. Legal Compromise and Legal Conflict as Value Dimensions of Law.

It examines scientific approaches to the determination of legal conflict in broad as well as in narrow sense. It also substantiates author’s determination of legal conflict as bilateral contacts of subjects, based on legal contradictions which are characterized by violation or obstruction in realization of their interests and leads to the crisis in social relations. It has been investigated the characteristic features of legal conflict which draw a boundary between this category and other conflicts that occur in society.

It has been revealed the features of legal compromise according to its functional direction as well as instrumental significance in regulation of social conflicts. The legal compromise is defined as mediated by legal norms value oriented means of conflict regulation (inter alia legal conflict), based on mutual concessions of the participants of social relations. The purpose and result of its functioning is the state of social agreement and binding democratic values in society. It has been determined the peculiarities of inner and outer levels of legal compromise and conflict.

Key words: value of law, legal conflict, legal compromise.

УДК 342.12

Богініч О. Л. Принципи права: окремі онтологічні, гносеологічні та аксіологічні проблеми.

У статті досліджується ґенеза принципів права, їх взаємозв’язок з атрибутивними властивостями права та їх цінність для суспільства. Пропонуються заходи з підвищення ефективності функціонування правових

систем на базі вдосконалення механізмів дії правових принципів.

Ключові слова: принципи права, атрибутивні властивості права, право сили.

Богинич О. Л. Принципы права: отдельные онтологические, гносеологические и аксиологические проблемы.

В статье исследуется генезис принципов права, их взаимосвязь с атрибутивными свойствами права и их ценность для общества. Предлагаются меры по повышению эффективности функционирования правовых систем на базе усовершенствования механизмов действия правовых принципов.

Ключевые слова: принципы права, атрибутивные свойства права, право силы.

Boginich O. Legal Principles: Ontological, Epistemological and Axiological Issues.

The article examines the genesis of the legal principles, their interaction with the attribute properties of the law and society values. As an example, the thesis that the legal principles are the category that has historical content proves by such principles like legal equality, freedom, justice etc.

The principle of legal equality is seen to be a fundamental principle, which is associated with the existence of such legal principles as freedom and justice.

It is shown that the implementation of legal equality principle in transitional societies leads to social stratification as more active individuals (mostly due to the use of unjust means to achieve their goals), take higher level of social hierarchy. State in this regard does not perform its functions guarantor of the public interest because she is the personification of the benefits of such individuals in the political sphere.

The reason for this situation lies in the ontological manifestation that the law strength as it is. The latter is characterized as its transcendental property. There is no equality of parties (in fact, not legal) where always possible to manifest law strength like one contractor against the other. However, it is mentioned that the principle of legal equality has positive potential, which finds its expression in providing equal starting opportunities for all.

In addition it is given the analysis of legal principles as freedom and justice. The attention pays to both negative and positive aspects of these principles. Based on this conclusion on the historically volatile content of these principles, implementation of which in public practice is determined by the actual order.

Key words: legal principles, attribute properties of the law, the law of strength.

УДК 340.153; 34 (091)

Бондарук Т. І. Ціннісна поведінкова модель шляхтича за Литовським статутом 1529 року.

Розглядається сукупність ціннісно-правових уявлень шляхти у Великому князівстві Литовському, їх філософсько-правове підґрунтя та закріплення у Литовському статуті 1529 року.

Ключові слова: цінності права, Велике князівство Литовське, шляхта, Литовський статут.

Бондарук Т. И. Ценностная поведенческая модель шляхтича по Литовскому статуту 1529 года.

Расматривается совокупность ценностно-правових представлений шляхты Великого княжества Литовского, их философско-правовое основание и закрепление в Литовском статуте 1529 года.

Ключевые слова: ценности права, Великое княжество Литовское, шляхта, Литовский статут.

Bondaruk T. Value-Behavior Model of Gentry according by the Lithuanian Statute Dated on 1529.

The article is dedicated to the process of compiling values and behavior imaginations of gentry in the Lithuanian Statute as a result of synthesis of the corresponding polish noble — gentry social practices, putting in an order them

by making sufficiently precise legal structures. The structure is needed for characteristics as an element of legal culture which forms legal life of medieval man. As a result it is determined one of the essential components of the legal traditions of Ukraine.

The article gives the philosophical and religious background to the approach for finding out the relevant social behavioral strategies. In the opposite is the existence of Byzantine Christian philosophy which may be determined by the following criteria: native culture, dividing of individual, personal and collective goods, right and morality, the law and the right etc. The article underline that in medieval epoch did not exist contemporary liberal distinction between law and morality. The moral laws were understood as postulated law: the individual was mostly determined

and formed by the certain roles that tied him to the community.

The article gives the analyzes of the «honor» and «fame» concept as the highest value of noble status. It gives the philosophical orientation in finding the truth and showing these factors as ones which fix the unconditional and conditional valuable models in Lithuanian Statute 1529. It is emphasis the variability ratings of «good» and evil (sin)» depending on the subject. Due to the necessity to create similar standards, the position of the lawmakers regarding the liability for undue behavior is considered. It was presumed that the main aim of punishment was to provide unavoidability of punishment, execution, intimidation. The biggest threat was recognized as deprivation of honor. There was a sample of special case on avoiding the punishment (art.29, Ch. 7). It is recognized that if the laws quite contains in valuable model, it certainly strengthened its authority.

It was announced that gentry keeps strict commitment of «law» as a guarantee of entry and status while there were several cases where gentry try to neglect it. The valuable behavior model of gentry was formed through an idea of honor as a form of identity by belonging to the noble gentry status of «Christianization» and attempted to fix those legislation imperatives.

Key words: the value of law, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the gentry, the Lithuanian Statute.

УДК 340.1

Васецький В. Ю. Історико-філософський аспект природно-правового і позитивно-правового принципів праворозуміння.

Розглядаються питання історичного розвитку філософських концепцій праворозуміння. Основна увага приділяється розвитку природно-правового і позитивно-правового напрямків. Відзначається поширення філософського розуміння права, що пов’язується з такими цінностями, як свобода, рівність, справедливість, права та свободи людини.

Ключові слова: історія і філософія праворозуміння, природно-правовий і позитивно-правовий підходи.

Васецький В. Ю. Историко-философский аспект естественно-правового и позитивно-правового правопонимания.

Рассматриваются вопросы исторического развития философских концепций правопонимания. Основное внимание уделяется развитию естественно-правового и позитивно-правового направлений. Отмечается распространение философского понимания права, которое связывается с такими ценностями, как свобода, равенство, справедливость, права и свободы человека.

Ключевые слова: история и философия правопонимания, естественно-правовой и позитивно-правовой подходы.

Vasetsky V. Historical and Philosophical Aspects of Natural Right and Positive Law Doctrines.

The article is dedicated to the issues of historical development of philosophical concepts of legal doctrines. The main attention is given to the development of natural right and positive law doctrines. The historical evaluation of natural right doctrine comes from the Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, Medieval Europe, New Time, Classical German Philosophy from the end XVIII up to the beginning of ХІХ century. The basic features of historical development of positive law doctrines are noted. The article try to show the pros and contras of natural right and

positive law doctrines. It was given the general ideas of the doctrines in legal philosophy.

It is indicated that one of modern Ukrainian general theoretical jurisprudence directions is fundamental methodology. The basic direction of Ukrainian legal science defines the following processes: globalization, nonformalization, anthropology.

It is specified in studying the origins, functioning and development of human rights. It is described the distribution of philosophical understanding of law in connection to the values like freedom, equality, justice, human rights. Pursuant to the conclusion nowadays the philosophical valuable factors strengthen leading legal principles that has not only theoretical, but also practical value for modern Ukraine.

Key words: History and philosophy of law doctrines, natural right and positive law doctrines.

УДК 340.1

Вергелес Д. Є. Основоположні принципи кодифікації законодавства.

Стаття присвячена принципам кодифікації законодавства. Пропонується до розгляду класифікація принципів, визначення поняття принципів кодифікації та основні їх риси.

Ключові слова: право, кодифікація, принципи права, законодавство.

Вергелес Д. Е. Основополагающие принципы кодификации законодательства.

Статья посвящена принципам кодификации законодательства. Предлагается к рассмотрению классификация принципов, определение принципов кодификации и основные их черты.

Ключевые слова: право, кодификация, принципы права, законодательство.

Vergeles D. The Fundamental Principles of Legal Codification.

The principles of codification are mandatory required. Its implementation helps to achieve results in systemizing legal acts into suitable system for use. They are coherence to each other and ensure the objectives of law codification.

The principles of codification are applicable principles that summarize the idea of law expression. The principles of codification determine the expression rules of legal norms. Among them are norms of planning, forecasting, using different methods of legislative technique and expertise.

The principles serve as a kind of supporting structure for entire system as well as for legal acts, institutions or fields of law. The principles are the main guide for lawmaking and law enforcement. The level of consistency, stability and efficiency is strictly depends on level of compliance to the principles of legal system. The principles of law promote internal unity and interaction of various sectors and institutions of law and legal relations, subjective and objective law.

The lawmaking codification should be guided by scientifically based fundamental ideas. These ideas shall be implemented in the system of legal regulation of specific legislation.

Summarizing the above mentioned, it is important to underline that the principles of law play important role in the regulatory impact of law onto social relations. These principles serve as general guidelines in the law-making and enforcement. Therefore, scientific detailed analysis of basic legal principles functioning is a main aim for further scientific research.

Key words: law, codification of legal principles, legislation.

УДК 340.1

Волкова О. М. Новий погляд на громадянське суспільство: реалії і перспективи.

У статті досліджуються питання формування сучасного громадянського суспільства, зокрема його сутності, співвідношення із державою, місця особи у взаємодії громадянського суспільства і держави.

Ключові слова: громадянське суспільство, держава, особа.

Волкова Е. Н. Новый взгляд на гражданское общество: реалии и перспективы.

В статье исследуются вопросы формирования современного гражданского общества, в частности его сущности, соотношение с государством, места личности во взаимодействии гражданского общества и государства.

Ключевые слова: гражданское общество, государство, личность.

Volkova O. A New Look at Civil Society: Realities and Prospects.

Speaking about the responsibility of the state to the person you want to focus on the responsibility of each to himself. The state can not provide all citizens a high standard of living. Each person must make their own effort for their welfare. Civil society is the form for the implementation of initiative, self-manifestation and active social life of every person. In our view, this aspect is extremely important activities of NGOs.

The activity of NGOs is different from the state of the principles of its operation. If the activity in the public sector is based on bureaucratic mechanisms, the named organizations operate on the basis of voluntariness, freedom of creativity and self-realization of their members. They are a system of non-profit community organizations that perform some part of social work in society, as well as a forum for the expression of different interests.

The existence of a developed civil society focused on people and operates primarily through it. However, this does not mean that other elements of civil society are left aside. Remember that all forms of society made up of individuals and through their will and consciousness really involved in his life, including in political activities.

Civil society is the sphere of private interests of private institutions that are capable of self-organization and work closely with each other and with the state. The state is not opposed to civil society, and creates favorable conditions for its normal functioning and development. In this interaction provides a guarantee of resolving legal conflicts arising civilized way, the prevention of social ills and promote the harmonious development of society.

Key words: civil society, state, personality.

УДК 340.1; 321.01

Гетьман-П’ятковська І. А. Ціннісний вимір взаємодії принципів права і принципів моралі.

У статті розглядаються проблемні питання взаємодії принципів права і принципів моралі через ціннісний вимір. Зроблений висновок про динамічний вплив права і моралі на розвиток суспільних відносин у сучасних правових системах.

Ключові слова: принципи права, принципи моралі, ціннісний вимір.

Гетьман-Пятковская И. А. Ценностное измерение взаимодействия принципов права и принципов морали.

В статье рассматриваются проблемные вопросы взаимодействия принципов права и принципов морали в ценностном измерении. Сделан вывод о динамическом влиянии права и морали на развитие общественных отношений в современных правовых системах.

Ключевые слова: принципы права, принципы морали, ценностное измерение.

Hetman-Pyatkovska I. Value Dimensions of Interaction Between Legal and Moral Principles.

The article deals with the issue of interaction between legal and moral principles of value dimension. The principles of law are closely linked and interact to the legal one. They are characterized by signs of unity and mutual influence. The legal and moral principles are characterized as basic requirements and provisions, which define the basis for the functioning of law and morality; ensure their unity and independence of influence in society. However, only the law can be identified as systematic, normative, logical sequence and state support up to coercion. The binding and systematic law enables, first, to determine the system of general principles, cross-industry and industry, and secondly, to determine necessarily stable character, securing them in the regulations. The system of morality is conservative as reflecting sustained human ideas of good and evil. It is important for understanding the unity, diversity, interaction and relationship of legal and moral principles of the system. It is implemented in the regulation of social relations. Through their regulatory process it gets awareness, purposefulness and meaningfulness. The overall goal of law and morality is a dynamic influence on the development of public relations, forming civilized forms of communication and effective regulation of a wide range of contemporary issues. At the same time legal

act and morality syncretic focused on respect to the national legal traditions, cultural heritage, legal, moral and ethical principles, value relationships, and therefore desired the introduction of their content in the actual conduct of civil society actors. At the conclusion it is fased the dynamic effect of law and morality onto development of social relations in modern legal systems.

Key words: principles of law, principles of morality, the value dimension.

УДК 340.1

Гольцова О. Є. Взаємозв’язок та взаємоузгодженість основоположних принципів права та нетипових соціальних регуляторів.

У статті досліджується взаємоузгодженість основоположних принципів права та нетипових соціальних регуляторів. Розглядається взаємозв’язок права та нетипових соціальних регуляторів як складових регулятивної системи суспільних відносин. Розкривається природа, поняття, значення, функціональне призначення нетипових соціальних регуляторів, серед яких правові презумпції, правові фікції та правові аксіоми, їх вплив на функціонування, розвиток та вдосконалення правової системи.

Ключові слова: нетипові соціальні регулятори, правові аксіоми, презумпції, фікції.

Гольцова О. Е. Взаимосвязь и согласованность основополагающих принципов права и ненормативных регуляторов.

В статье исследуется согласованность основополагающих принципов и нетипичных социальных регуляторов. Рассматривается взаимосвязь права и нетипичных социальных регуляторов, как составляющих регулятивной системы общественных отношений. Раскрывается природа, понятие, значение, функциональное назначение нетипичных социальных регуляторов, среди которых правовые презумпции, правовые фикции и правовые аксиомы, их влияние на функционирование, развитие и совершенствование правовой


Ключевые слова: нетипичные социальные регуляторы, правовые аксиомы, презумпции, фикции.

Goltsova O. The Interconnection and Consistency of Fundamental Principles of Law and Non-Typical Social Regulators.

Life in modern society is very diverse. It is constantly having a variety of life situations and participants in these relationships have different goals and interests. So it is natural that in the long period of historical development of human society it has formed a certain system of normative and non-normative (non-typical) regulators. The normative includes regulators that set a clear framework of public relations behavior of participants. The system of normative regulators comprise the laws, moral, corporate, political, conventional, traditional norms and so on. All normative regulators interact to each other as well as with the so-called non-normative or non-typical social regulators. Among them are special value which belongs to the legal presumption, the legal fictions and the legal axioms. Their interaction is due to the fact that the normative social regulators and non-typical social regulators are based on principles such as justice, equality, freedom and humanism. The author explores consistency of the fundamental principles of law and non-typical social regulators. It is examined the interconnection of law and

non-typical social regulators as regulatory components of the system of social relations. It reveals the nature of the concept, value, functionality of the non-typical social regulators as the legal presumption, legal fiction and legal axioms, their impact on the functioning, development and improvement of the legal system.

Key words: non-typical social regulators, legal axioms, presumptions, fictions.

УДК 347

Гусарєва О. С. Ідея справедливості у праві: історичний аспект.

У статті характеризується правова природа та генезис ідеї справедливості як фундаментальної правової цінності. Висвітлюються особливості ідеї справедливості у праві на різних історичних етапах її розвитку, розкривається її значення для сучасної правової теорії та практики як фундаментального принципу права.

Ключові слова: історія, право, принцип права, справедливість, філософія.

Гусарева Е. С. Идея справедливости в праве: исторический аспект.

В статье характеризуется правовая природа и генезис идеи справедливости как фундаментальной правовой ценности. Раскрываются особенности идеи справедливости в праве на разных исторических этапах ее развития, а также ее значение для современной правовой теории и практики как фундаментального принципа права.

Ключевые слова: история, право, принцип права, справедливость, философия.

Gusareva O. The Idea of Justice in the Law: a Historical Perspective.

This article is characterized by the legal nature and genesis of the idea of justice as a fundamental legal value. The peculiarities of law is the idea of justice in different historical stages of its development and its relevance to modern legal theory and practice as a fundamental principle of law.

Justice as a principle of law is one of the requirements of the correct application of the law and other forms of justice highlighted in the writings of many theorists of our time. At the same time, the problem of justice in the law are not covered in terms of mechanisms for its implementation and proper perception of society as fundamental values, ideals, which are aimed at achieving the various levers of social control.

For the philosophy of ancient East and ancient Greece was inherent understanding of justice as a principle of the existence of internal nature, as physical, cosmic order, which appears in the social order.

Occurrence of medieval philosophy preceded series of changes not only in economic and political relations, especially in ideology one orientation of the then society. Christianity became the dominant ideology in Europe and sought to find a philosophical justification of its basic ideas. A long time had the common philosophical position according to which true justice does not exist anywhere, except to the republic, the founder and ruler of which is Christ.

During the Renaissance and Reformation man was the supreme value and ontological reality. The ideas of liberalism, parliamentarism, constitutionalism, human rights were a continuation of the right ideas of justice.

During the 16-18 centuries, was singled out moral and legal justice, while it was also defined primacy of legal justice to the moral. Later, in search of justice as an abstract phenomenon was a focus on social, economic, political and legal justice. Most scholars agree that legal justice is a prerequisite for the realization of any truly moral act.

So the idea of justice people as moral and legal category, the concept of credit, have changed throughout history, depending on the changes taking place in the consciousness of society regarding understanding of inalienable human rights (the influence of philosophy natural space living, Christian doctrine, ideas of anthropocentrism, etc. ).

Modern Theory considers justice as a form of state activity as a basic constitutional principle of all government agencies and officials. Philosophy of Law by axiological approach considers justice as the highest value, protect and cultivate what is called the whole system of law. In a philosophical context, justice is seen as the concept of credit, which is determined in accordance with ideas about the nature of man and his inalienable rights. Reflected these provisions are in practical and legal activities with particular emphasis on the necessity to recognize the priority of justice in the legal profession, and the latter are considered as representatives of justice. Thus, justice acts as a moral and legal category, which recognizes ethics as a specifically moral, and lawyers — both specifically legal.

Thus, we can consider justice not only as a world wide basis for modern comprehension, but also as a social phenomenon, which manifests itself in a peculiar manner the right of where it is appropriate to its selection as the basis of law, the principle requirements for regulation and so on.

Key words: history, law, principle of law, justice, and philosophy.

УДК 340.0

Данич О. Ф. Соціальна функція сучасної держави в контексті розвитку основоположних принципів права.

Автор статті аналізує вплив права на формування держави та функціонування основних функцій держави, необхідність правового обґрунтування ролі і місця держави у формуванні соціальної політки, узго-

дження механізмів державно-правового регулювання всіх сфер життєдіяльності суспільства й механізмів ринкового саморегулювання.

Ключові слова: держава, суспільство, соціальна функція, правова держава, соціальна політика.

Данич О. Ф. Социальная функция современного государства в контексте развития основополагающих принципов права.

Автор статьи анализирует влияние права на формирование государства и функционирование основных функций государства, необходимость правового обоснования роли и места государства в формировании социальной политики, согласование механизмов государственно-правового регулирования всех сфер жизнедеятельности общества и механизмов рыночного саморегулирования.

Ключевые слова: государство, общество, социальная функция, правовое государство, социальная политика.

Danych O. The Social Function of a Modern State in the Context of Fundamental Principles of Law.

The article examines the legal nature of the state functioning, the state’s role in shaping social policy, the need for legal justification for the role and place of the state in shaping social policy issues, role of society and the state in shaping the social state of law in Ukraine. It considers social function of the state in the context of the fundamental principles of law and the impact of law onto state formation and functioning of the basic state functions. It also concerns coordination of public-law regulation of all spheres of society and the mechanisms of market self-regulation. It acknowledges the need of the social evolution of the state and focused state and legal impact on the functioning and development of public relations.

Key words: state, society, social function, the rule of law, social policy.

УДК 340.1

Денисюк М. В. Принцип верховенства права як основа розвитку правової держави та громадянського суспільства.

У статті аналізується зміст поняття «верховенство права» та «правова держава», а також визначено співвідношення цих феноменів.

Ключові слова: верховенство права, правова держава, права людини, громадянське суспільство.

Денисюк М. В. Принцип верховенства права как основа развития правового государства и гражданского общества.

В статье анализируется содержание понятия «верховенство права» и «правовое государство», а также определено соотношение этих феноменов.

Ключевые слова: верховенство права, правовое государство, права человека, гражданское общество.

Denysiuk M. The Rule of Law as the Basis of Legal State and Civil Society.

The issue of formation legal state and civil society belongs to a group of fundamental questions not only of classic but also of modern scientific theory of law.

The state may be stated as legal if the basis for its operation will be the law that guarantees rights and freedoms of citizens, limits the state, the public authority carried out on the rule of law and separation of power.

The rule of law takes the central position in the description of legal state. The rule of law is definitely an expression of universal values, a manifestation of cultural development. There are different approaches, dimensions and aspects of the study to the rule of law in legal theory.

The rule of law and legal state are value categories, humanistic ideals of society. However, the correlations between these phenomena were not investigated properly.

Some scientists believe that the definition of rule of law is wider than legal state and in this sense means that the law should prevail in civil society, in the state and its legal system. It should cover all areas of human life including the international sphere. Other scientists narrows it to the legal state and the third doesn’t see the fundamental difference between English «Rule of law» and German «Rechtsstaat».

So establishing the rule of law in our country and functioning of a democratic, legal state possible only under such conditions: existence of a vibrant civil society; implementing the principle of popular sovereignty; separation of state power, consolidation of human rights and freedoms in the Constitution; the principle of fundamental rights and freedoms is real; implementing the principle supremacy of the Constitution; state’s responsibility before personality; adherence to the principle of legal certainty; law enforcement etc.

Thus the rule of law is a priority of the highest human values in all spheres of public life, the road to world order.

Key words: the rule of law, legal state, human rights, civil society.

УДК 340.0

Дідич Т. О. Значення та роль держави в сфері правотворчої діяльності в сучасних умовах: постановка проблеми.

В статті проведено аналіз поглядів вчених щодо розуміння правотворчої діяльності як предмету діяльності держави в особі її органів, розкрито роль держави у здійсненні правотворчості в сучасних умовах розвитку правової системи.

Ключові слова: право, держава, правотворчість.

Дидыч Т. О. Значение и роль государства в сфере правотворческой деятельности в нынешних условиях: постановка проблемы.

В статье проанализированы идеи ученых в сфере правотворческой деятельности государства в лице его органов, раскрывается роль государства как субъекта правотворчества в современных условиях развития правовой системы.

Ключевые слова: право, государство, правотворчество.

Didych Т. Value and Role of the State in Lawmaking in Present: Raising the Issue.

It is given the analysis of approaches onto understanding of law-making activity as activity of the state through its bodies. It is exposed the role of state in feasible law-making in modern terms of the legal system.

Legislative activity is complex and multifaceted. It provides the formation of rules of national and international law. At the same time law-making activity is a kind of legal practice as a result we receive adoption of legal acts.

The author reconsidered the state’s role in law-making in terms of understanding the state and power of legislative activity as a complex phenomenon.

This understanding of law-making reflects the democratic nature of the state, a high level of civil society that allows combining state and power work in law-making and law-making activities of civil society actors and the international community. In modern conditions of democratization in Ukraine the development of state and civil society is focus on scientific community. Hence, we should not forget about law-making activities of the state as a central law-making entity that provides formation of national legislation and direct impact onto international lawmaking by implementing national interests.

Key words: law, state, law-making.

УДК 342.1: 004.001.1

Жуков Є. В. Інформаційна держава як концепція новітньої доби.

Стаття присвячена дослідженню перетворень у розумінні ідеальної держави з огляду на сучасні процеси енергетично-технічної комунікації. Центральна увага в публікації приділяється визначенню основних чинників, що актуалізують потребу нової моделі ідеальної держави в умовах поточної «кременевої» доби та формулювання концепції новітньої інформаційної держави.

Ключові слова: правова держава, соціальна держава, електронна держава, електронний уряд, інформаційне суспільство, інформаційна держава.

Жуков Е. В. Информационное государство как концепция новейшей эпохи.

Статья посвящена исследованию преобразований в понимании идеального государства с учетом современных процессов энерготехнологической коммуникации. Основное внимание в публикации уделяется определению основных факторов, актуализирующих необходимость новой модели идеального государства в условиях современной «кремниевой» эпохи и формулированию концепции новейшего информационного государства.

Ключевые слова: правовое государство, социальное государство, электронное государство, электронное правительство, информационное общество, информационное государство.

ZhukovY. Information State as the Concept of Newest Age.

This article is dedicated to research of transformations in understanding of an ideal state model in modern processes context of energy and technology communication. The main attention in this publication is given to definition of basic factors, which actualizing necessity of a new ideal state model in conditions of modern “silicon”

age and to formulating concept of the newest information state.

Both new possibilities and new threats for public life are created by the present stage of civilization development.

In the information sphere, which is getting the status of the public communication dominant sphere as the thoughts of professionals are generalized there, the following aspects may be referred to the threats: organizational (inability to quickly process the information field, make the timely required decisions and implement them), institutional (unavailability of the governmental bodies efficient system, which could provide for an effective level of information security), ideological (correspondingly internal and external vectors in the efficient work of the state authorities with public conscience), educational (lack of education for production of quality information product on the side of the state, both on the level of “intercourse” with the public and on the level of the universal social values promotion) and cybernetic (dissemination of information by means of the modern facilities of information and technical communication, in particular by means of the worldwide Internet, and increasing share of electronic commerce and denationalization of the electronic sector of the national economy for the purpose of bringing incomes from under the taxation helmet, which causes considerable expansion of the limits of each person real freedom that becomes less dependable on the state complicating the country administrative process and promoting political inactivity, anarchism, etc.).

As for the new possibilities and their potential, they become apparent, first of all, on the following levels: political (optimization of the state functioning form towards electronic one, which substantially decreases the weight of bureaucracy and complement of the state workers); economic (new markets penetration, creation of electronic product with low cost as regards the results of intellectual and creative work; increased possibilities for self-sufficient participation in the market of small and medium business representatives); social (formation of strong middle class as the level of knowledge and professional competence of an individual come to the front, not the capital); ideological (formation of actually pluralistic information field that will be eliminating the possibility for the state to manipulate the public conscience; formation of a politically autonomous personality capable of deliberate political choice); and epistemological (increase of the population education common level through the widened accessibility to education and cognitive process in general including the disabled people).

On the basis of the analysis of the existing semantic field that has formed under the influence of the modern information and technical communication processes it may be concluded that the latter do not answer the requirements of today to the full extent, especially as regards the institutional and corresponding legal transformations conditioned by the above mentioned processes.

It is such underworked moments, as well as the inheritance and continuation of ontology of the social lawful state, that have become the basis of possibility to formulate a new modern doctrine of the state, the information state.

The information state continues the ideological principles of the democratic social and political order whose sense has already been laid down by Hegel with determination of a state as rational reality, which should not be identified with ideal. Reality of freedom accessible to man of present development whose limits progress together with man itself.

The information state concentrates on providing the man of present development with its freedom of modern level that will satisfy the requirements of its present level of civilization development both technologically (being relative to the notion of electronic state) and institutionally (formation of the fourth information and supervising power, which will efficiently form and realize the latest scientific and technical achievements in order to facilitate the interaction between the state and civil society, increase the level of legality and law and order, make the power more

transparent and understandable in the course of its activity, etc.).

Thus, contemporaneity has reached a state when the need in transformation, revision and amendment of the existing ideal structures of the lawful electronic state has objectively become burning, and demands finding absolute doctrinal expression in a new concept of the information state.

Key words: a law state, a social state, an e-state, information society.

УДК 340.1

Захаркевич Т. С. Правова поведінка та основоположні принципи права.

В даній статті розкривається зміст таких суспільно-правових явищ як правова поведінка та принципи права. Також, досліджено місце та роль правової поведінки в сучасному суспільстві та її зв’язок з основоположними принципами права.

Ключові слова: правова поведінка, соціальна поведінка, принципи права.

Захаркевич Т. С. Правовое поведение и основополагающие принципы права.

В данной статье раскрывается содержание таких общественно-правовых явлений как правовое поведение и принципы права. Также, исследованы место и роль правового поведения в современном обществе и его связь с основополагающими принципами права.

Ключевые слова: правовое поведение, социальное поведение, принципы права.

Zakharkevych T. The Legal Behavior and the Fundamental Legal Principles.

This article deals with the content of such social and legal phenomena as legal behavior and legal principles. It investigates the role and place of legal behavior in modern society and its interaction with the fundamental legal principles.

However, the basic principles, ideas, patterns and directions of fundamental public-legal phenomena are states in legal behavior and legal principles.

The place of legal behavior and legal principles in the state, the formation of state institutions, local government, national law as an element that serves as a foundation for building are in legal, sovereign and independent, democratic, social state. It was analyzed the difference between legal behavior and other types of social behavior. It was investigated elements of legal behavior in general, which are modeled in the norms of law. The author has disclosed the possibility of further use of these concepts in the present.

It was investigated the importance of legal principles which traditionally provided in the system of sources of Romano-Germanic law. It was determined the formation of general principles of law as rules of positive law, and with the country’s current legal order. The revealed provisions on ’subjective rights may be expressed or not expressed in texts of written law, but in general the nature and necessarily are used in litigation.

It is determined the correct use of legal principles which largely depends on the effectiveness of lawmaking and law enforcement, judicial and other types of legal practice. It is equally important the identification and understanding of basic principles of law, which in turn significantly affect the formation of legal behavior in general.

Key words: legal behavior, social behavior, principles of law.

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