Анотації до статей

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20


УДК 340.1

Зінченко О. В. Соціальна цінність юридичних конструкцій у процесі розвитку права.

У статті розглядаються деякі аспекти практичної цінності юридичних конструкцій у процесі розвитку права.

Автор зазначає, що традиційне формально-логічне розуміння юридичної конструкції у правознавстві виражає той зміст, який органічно поєднаний з юридичною діяльністю і з юридичним мисленням.

Автор робить висновок, що створення досконалої юридичної конструкції є важливою за своїм значенням і результатом дією, оскільки юридична конструкція, яка цілком відповідає певним вимогам, точно і виразно передає сутність правового явища, завжди є працюючою і цінною для процесу розвитку права, а також ефективною у ході пізнання правових явищ.

Ключові слова: юридична наука, нормативна юридична конструкція, теоретична юридична конструкція, правові явища.

Зинченко О. В. Социальная ценность юридических конструкций в процессе развития права.

В статье рассматриваются некоторые аспекты практической ценности юридических конструкций в процессе развития права.

Автор отмечает, что традиционное формально-логическое понимание юридической конструкции в правоведении выражает то содержание, которое органично соединено с юридической деятельностью и с юридическим мышлением.

Автор делает вывод о том, что создание совершенной юридической конструкции является важным по своему значению и результатом действием, поскольку юридическая конструкция, которая полностью отвечает определенным требованиям, точно и выразительно передает суть правового явления, всегда есть работающей и ценной для процесса развития права, а также эффективной в ходе познания правовых явлений.

Ключевые слова: юридическая наука, нормативная юридическая конструкция, теоретическая юридическая конструкция, правовые явления.

Zinchenko O. Social Value of Juridical Constructions in the Process of Law Development.

The article analyses several aspects of the practical value of juridical constructions during the process of law development.

The author observed that in the system of legal phenomena juridical construction acts as an independent juridical category. In addition it is focused on the main feature of the juridical construction that most fully and reasonably identifies its essence, its legal and practical value.

To the author’s mind, traditional formal-logical understanding of the juridical constructions of jurisprudence expresses the meaning which organically combined with the legal activities and legal thinking.

The author also emphasizes that juridical construction specific to each type of law, which existed historically. That is why social and practical value of juridical constructions in the process of law development and cognition of legal phenomena is obvious.

As a result, the author concludes, that juridical constructions in the comprehension of law substantially help its effective practical application.

The author considers that creating perfect juridical construction is important action in its significance and the result, since the juridical construction, that meets the certain requirements, accurately and clearly conveys the essence of legal phenomena, it is always working and valuable for the process of law development, and it is also effective during the cognition of legal phenomena.

Key words: jurisprudence, juridical construction, regulatory juridical construction, theoretical juridical construction, legal phenomena.

УДК 340.1

Іванова А. Ю. Порівняльно-правовий метод як методологічний інструментарій прихильників наукового напряму «політики права».

У статті розглянуто деякі аспекти застосування порівняльно-правового методу у розробленні концепції «політика права», а також у політико-правових галузевих дослідженнях.

Ключові слова: політика права, політико-правний підхід, порівняльне правознавство, порівняльно-правовий метод, дореволюційна юридична наука.

Иванова А. Ю. Сравнительно-правовой метод как методологический инструментарий сторонников научного направления «политика права».

В статье рассмотрены некоторые аспекты применения сравнительно-правового метода в разработке концепции «политика права», а также в политико-правовых отраслевых исследованиях.

Ключевые слова: политика права, политико-правовой подход, сравнительное правоведение, сравнительно-правовой метод, дореволюционная юридическая наука.

Ivanova A. The Comparative Legal Method as Methodology Tool of «Law Policy» Legal School Followers.

The article is dedicated to the issue of increasing attention to law policy at the modern jurisprudence on the basis of history, theory and methodology. The scientists find the root in pre-revolitional jurisprudence. Referring to the period the new scientific concept of Comparative Legal Method at the Law Policy was worked out. Their parallel development explains the interaction and relevance.

It is necessary to state that pursuant to the extend scientist Yu. S. Gambarov, the Comparative legal method is used as dominant method of Law Policy legal school.

There were two understandings of comparative legal method: 1) genetic method that means comparing the different state and law phenomenon in different historical conditions. Nowadays it’s the area of state and legal history researches; 2) typology method is used at the area of the modern comparative law. It supposes to compare different state and legal phenomenon of modern time.

Pursuant to F. V. Taranovsky the main aim of comparative law is helping and co-working with the law policy. The article also investigates the aspects of comparative method which is used for the purpose of law policy. The author of the

article try to apply the dialectic rules on relevance of the comparative law and the law policy as scientific sphere.

Key words: law policy, legal political approach, comparative law, comparative method, pre-revolitional jurisprudence.

УДК 340.0

Кабанець О. С. Верховенство права як ціннісна складова демократії.

У статті досліджується принцип верховенства права як ціннісної складової демократії. Аналізуються сучасні підходи до розуміння принципу верховенства права, визначається його зміст, цінність для ефективного забезпечення та захисту прав і свобод громадян.

Ключові слова: верховенство права, верховенство закону, права і свободи людини, гарантії прав і свобод.

Кабанец А. С. Верховенство права как ценностная составляющая демократии.

В статье исследуется принцип верховенства права как ценностной составной демократии. Анализируются современные подходы к пониманию принципа верховенства права, определяется его содержание, ценность для эффективного обеспечения и защиты прав и свободы граждан.

Ключевые слова: верховенство права, верховенство закона, права и свободы человека, гарантии прав и свободы.

Kabanets О. The Rule of Law as a Valuable Component of Democracy.

The development of independent Ukraine marked by the proclamation and assigned in the Constitution of Ukraine the rule of law. Fixing this principle in the Basic Law has demonstrated intention to build a legal system based on the principles recognized fundamental to any democratic society. The rule of law is one of the basic values of democracy.

Research a wide range of views and approaches to the understanding of the rule of law suggests that the idea of rule of law is one of the base in the European legal tradition and is rooted in ancient times. According to local researchers, the concept of rule of law are intertwined legal and political, cultural and ethical reasons, domestic and international, national and universal aspects of scientific truth, the values of good and justice, the achievement of legal theory and practical legal experience, legal ideas and common sense.

The establishment of the rule in a particular country depends on the characteristics of national-cultural development, including a national legal culture; the establishment of this principle is possible by consistent adherence to a variety of conditions.

Modern understanding of human rights implies recognizing the highest social value, and the rights and freedoms of citizens — the main aim of the government, which sells its jurisdiction only within the constitution and laws of the country. Ensuring the rights and freedoms include three elements (areas of state activity): the promotion of human rights and freedoms (through positive influence on the formation of the total social security), Protection of Rights and Freedoms (by implementing measures, including legal, to prevent, prevention of violations Rights and Freedoms), Human Rights and Freedoms (restoration of legal status, bringing offenders to legal liability).

Development issues of human rights were reflected in the works of Kant. They researcher consistently defended freedom of the individual and strongly criticized the policy in its duality relation to morality and law. Politics, as Kant argued, should be subordinated to morality and law, the categorical imperative of reason on the rights and freedoms. «Genuine politics — he emphasized — can not take steps, not previously sweared morals ... The right person should be sacred, that effort is not cost to public authorities».

The problem of completeness and guarantees of human rights has become in today’s world of global importance. The international community is trying to develop common rules for social and legal protection of citizens, unify, take

common standards and procedures that facilitate the recognition of the dignity which is inherent to all members of the human family.

An important step to respect and protect human rights has become Ukraine’s accession to the Council of Europe on 9 November 1995, resulting in Ukraine has assumed a number of international legal commitments made to the PACE report number 190 (1995). This conclusion was provided for Ukraine to adopt a new Constitution, the framework document on the legal policy on human rights, etc., the ratification of several international agreements concluded within the Council of Europe, in particular the Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the General Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Council of Europe European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman and such, degrading treatment or punishment, extradition, on mutual assistance in criminal matters; of sentenced persons; on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime, the European Charter of Local governments, the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, the European Social Charter.

Thus, the rule of law is a fundamental valuation basis of the legal democratic state. Strengthening the rule of law is a landmark of social and political development of Ukraine. Formation of the rule of law, which dominates the rule of law and, accordingly, the principles of the Constitution and laws, ensure implementation of the priority of human rights in the life of society. Thus, meaningful element of the rule of law and through it an effective instrument for the regulation of public relations advocates claims to guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Key words: supremacy of right, supremacy of law, right and freedom of man, guarantee of rights and freedoms.

УДК 340.0

Карась А. Г. Верховенство права як ціннісна характеристика права.

У статті розглядається проблема визначення верховенства права, його становлення і закріплення в українському законодавстві. Надано обґрунтування верховенства права як ціннісної характеристики права в умовах мінливої динаміки демократизації українського суспільства. Обґрунтовано формування розуміння ціннісної характеристики верховенства права в Україні в умовах, коли суспільний інтерес до верховенства права стримуються чинним законодавством та романо-германською правовою традицією.

Ключові слова: верховенство права, верховенство права як ціннісна характеристика права.

Карась А. Г. Верховенство права как ценностная характеристика права.

В статье рассматривается проблема определения верховенства права, его становление и закрепление в украинском законодательстве. Даны обоснования верховенства права как ценностной характеристики права в условиях меняющейся динамики демократизации украинского общества. Обосновано формирование понимания ценностной характеристики верховенства права в Украине в условиях, когда общественный интерес к верховенству права удерживается действующим законодательством и романо-германской правовой традицией.

Ключевые слова: верховенство права, верховенство права как ценностная характеристика права.

Karas А. Rule of Law as a Valuable Characteristic of Law.

In 1996 Ukraine pursuant to the Constitution was declared as a rule of law country. Unfortunately, this title may be give only to the state, which ensured the rule of law in all fields of public life where social relations are regulated under the law. For law-abiding citizens of this state is the moral principle, which underlies citizenship and personal behavior.

S. Holovaty told that the goal of the rule of law is to limit political power. It is identified with the fundamental principles of liberalism and democracy, constituent elements which are: the principle of separation of powers, the principle of legality, the principle of legal equality, recognition of individual liberty, judicial control over legislative and executive branches of government, the relationship between law and morality.

At of today, the legislation of Ukraine does not provide any definition of rule of law, but the government begin to build its activities in the field of law-making, is based on the principles of natural law, which have a powerful positive impact on all legislative array.

Notably, in 2 November 2004 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine proclaim a decision in which he firstly outlined his understanding of the rule of law «rule of law — a rule of law in society. The rule of law requires the state to implement its law-making and enforcement activity, particularly in the laws in its content must be imbued with first ideas of social justice, freedom, equality and so on.

Part III of the Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine states: Ukrainian Sovereign State Republic guarantees the supremacy of the Constitution and laws of the Republic on its territory. This situation had developed in Article 8 of the 1996 Constitution of Ukraine, which proclaimed the recognition and action in Ukraine the rule of law: The Constitution of Ukraine has the highest legal force. Laws and regulations adopted on the basis of the Constitution of Ukraine and shall conform to it. At the same time overcome the clich d idea of legal right as the sole criterion

for assessing the legal reality. Recognition of the plurality of sources of law, determination of their system and subordination — the most important task for the modern life of Ukrainian law, which must be settled in all fields of legal regulation.

On author point of view, implementing the rule of law should be determined at the level of the Constitution. The fact that the Constitution — is not only legal document of higher legal force, but also the founding document, which laid the ideological and organizational principles of legal law and law-making in general. It was given important practical application of constitutional law legal descriptions, legal state. This problem should be solved not only at the stage of enforcement activity, this in science and in practice, paid much more attention. Obviously, for the establishment and operation of special bodies of constitutional control, to control under the current law constitutional rights criteria. However, the legal nature of the laws should lay on the stage of law-making.

It is important to point out that the Ukrainian legislation did not define yet such value characteristics of law as the rule of law. It is suggested the activities of administrative and judicial authorities did not receive certain legal guidelines, in some of the examples of legislation; obviously, it is more about the rule of legislation than the rule of law that is not the same. Unfortunately, the legislators did not consider that the law primarily regulates relations with the participation of citizens interested in the rule of law. And no relationship between the authorities that it is logical to subordinate the rule of law.

The rule of law in Ukrainian legislation is implemented in different fields of law through the mechanism of law as related to the involvement of norms and values of the fundamental fields in solving problems at all levels of the hierarchy of areas of law from special to complex.

Key words: rule of law, rule of law as a valuable characteristic of law.

УДК 340.11

Карпічков В. О. Правова реальність як вияв цінності права: підходи до характеристики.

В статті аналізуються основні підходи до визначення правової реальності, обґрунтовується власне бачення цієї категорії, досліджується її природа, зміст та структура, дається характеристика правової реальності як аспекту прояву цінності права.

Ключові слова: правова реальність, правовий феномен, правовідносини, правові норми, структура правової реальності.

Карпичков В. А. Правовая реальность как проявление ценности права: подходы к характеристике.

В статье рассматриваются основные подходы к определению правовой реальности, обосновывается собственное виденье этой категории, исследуется ее природа, содержание и структура, дается характеристика правовой реальности как аспекта проявления ценности права.

Ключевые слова: правовая реальность, правовой феномен, правоотношения, правовые нормы, структура правовой реальности.

Karpichkov V. Legal Reality as Display of Legal Value: The Approaches to the Characteristics.

The article gives the basic for analyze legal reality, its own vision of the category which is grounded on its nature, maintenance and structure, is probed, description of legal reality is given as to the aspect of display of value of right.

Actuality of the article dedicates to the synergistically field of social life which co-operates with other constituents and necessity of decision of essence of law phenomenon. It is necessary to find ontological nature of law, maintenance, and to composition concept of legal reality, knowledge of basic forms of legal life, a process of cognition of this important category is impossible. The research of any scientific category at theoretical level stipulates the necessity of development and application of the proper going near its description. Therefore actuality of this scientific publication is stipulated also the necessity of research the phenomenon of legal reality on a base of theoretical approaches. Pursuant to the theory we can tool legal science deeper and more concrete to probe legal reality not only as the social

phenomenon but also as the special form of legal life, original legal world view, inherent all society on the whole and to the concrete person.

Actuality of select theme and degree of its research stipulated the purpose of scientific publication — decision of going near description of legal reality and its structure.

Being the fundamental scientific category of legal theory, legal reality is the difficult and multilevel system of elements which in an aggregate make the autonomous sphere of human life. Legal reality consists of elements among which are the following: 1) theory of law, idea of law; 2) legal norms and laws; 3) legal experience and public practice.

Essence of legal reality as a scientific category appears through the prism of human consciousness, its reflection in law. Thus legal reality must be perceived not only as a subjective comprehension of right, but as such sphere of legal life, the active participant is a subject of legal relationships.

The legal reality is the special form of public life; it is an ideal category and combines the objective and subjective aspects of legal life and indissolubly related to consciousness, sensuality, practice; carries out influence on the participants of public relations; closely related to the cultural, economic and political factors which exist in society; engulfs all circle of the legal phenomena (phenomena) as fundamental so derivatives from them, as negative so positive; provides the process of formation of right, his interpretation and application; represents the general dynamics of society legal life; it is an index valued-spiritual and standard of culture of development of society.

It is possible to define legal reality as difficult multidimensional phenomenon of ideal reality, which shows by itself harmonic unity of internal (subjective) and external (objective) aspects of legal life and consists of fundamental legal essences, derivatives from them the legal phenomena objectively exist in the field of legal matter and carry out influence on the participants of public relations.

Key words: legal reality, legal phenomenon, legal relationships, legal norms, structure of legal reality.

УДК 343.15

Кириченко О. М. Казуальне тлумачення норми права: аксіологічний аспект.

У статті розглядаються актуальні для сучасної юридичної практики питання казуального тлумачення, його аксіологічний аспект. Аналізуються характерні особливості казуального тлумачення, дається поняття та визначаються його види. Також приділено увагу особливостям процесу казуального тлумачення та пропонуються основні засоби поліпшення його якості.

Ключові слова: казуальне тлумачення, норма права, судове тлумачення, адміністративне тлумачення.

Кириченко О. Н. Казуальное толкование норм права: аксиологический аспект.

В статье рассматриваются актуальные для современной юридической практики вопросы казуального толкования, его аксиологический аспект. Анализируются характерные особенности казуального толкования, даётся понятия и определяются виды. Также уделяется внимание особенностям процесса казуального толкования, предлагаются основные способы улучшения его качества.

Ключевые слова: казуальное толкование, норма права, судебное толкование, административное толкование.

Kyrychenko O. Casual Interpretation of Law Regulation: Axiological Aspect.

The article deals with relevant to modern legal practice issues of casual interpretation, its axiological aspect.

It analyzes the characteristics of casual interpretation, a definition of this concept. It is emphasized that the feature of casual interpretation is that it applies only to specific persons to whom it is considered certain, has specific circumstances and should not be extended to other similar cases, such as statutory interpretation.

Attention is paid to the kinds of casual interpretation: that judicial interpretation of the Court of Law, in connection with the particular case, which finds its consolidation in the judgment or sentence of a particular case; and administrative — bodies (ministries, state committees, other central bodies of executive power) when they give an official response to requests from subordinate agencies on the interpretation and application of certain provisions of the regulations in the case.

It was given highlights of the complexity and importance of the process of casual interpretation, which is aimed at protecting the fundamental rights of legal values of human being. The attention was paid to interpretation of the content of legislative acts of Ukraine. On the contrary, by this interpretation should be kept their real content. Interpretative activity eliminates the possibility of violating the Constitution and other laws, regulations, deviation from their content. When the interpreter goes beyond the law, he interprets, that is changing or breaking the law. We offer basic tools to improve the quality of casual interpretation: decide on the

sequence of application of various methods of interpretation, improving communication of legal education to legal practice, to increase the activity of judges in applying the principles of appropriateness, validity, fairness and other legal principles.

Key words: casual interpretation, the rule of law, judicial interpretation, rule, administrative interpretation.

УДК 340.1

Котенко О. А. Правове регулювання в контексті дії права та його основоположних принципів.

Проблеми ефективності правового регулювання, дієвості права, умови та тенденції цих процесів є неможливими без ретельного вивчення їх взаємозв’язку з основоположними принципами сучасного права.

Ключові слова: правове регулювання, правовий вплив, право, ефективність дії права, основоположні принципи права.

Котенко О. А. Правовое регулирование в контексте действия права и его основополагающих принципов.

Проблемы эффективности правового регулирования, действенности права, условия и тенденции этих процессов невозможны без тщательного изучения их взаимосвязи с основополагающими принципами современного права.

Ключевые слова: правовое регулирование, правовое воздействие, право, эффективность действия права, основополагающие принципы права.

Kotenko O. Legal Regulation in Context of Law Action and its Basic Principles.

One of substantial issue of legal science remains not only definition of the conception of law but its substance and assignment for actual long-term conditions. Direction of the whole legal system development and definition of problems in context of increasing level and efficiency of law depends on solving the methodological problem.

Social and legal regulation, influence of law aren’t scientific categories which can by sufficiently explored by present juristic science. However, it is surely can stats the issue of effective performance by social regulators of their most important functions (regulation and protection) is not explored completely even in publication today, especially when it means interconnection of legal regulation, law effectiveness and basic principles of law.

Today the influence of law is massive as never before because law becomes not only managing instrument but as a system of basic rights, liberties and liabilities. The understanding of legal influence becomes important and it will help not only in its exploring and cognition but will be reliable theoretical base for practicing lawyer in his law-protecting and law-applying activity. The clarity of law understanding is obligatory stage of clarity and order in social relations.

Key words: legal regulation, legal influence, effectiveness of law action, basic principles of law.

УДК 340.1

Лебедєва О. В. Правова держава: поняття та принципи.

У статті розглянуто поняття правової держави та її принципів; розкрито відмінності принципів правової держави та соціальної правової держави.

Ключові слова: правова держава, соціальна держава, принципи.

Лебедева Е. В. Правовое государство: понятие и принципы.

В статье рассматривается понятие правового государства и его принципы; раскрыты отличия принципов правового государства и социального правового государства.

Ключевые слова: правовое государство, социальное государство, принципы.

Lebedeva O. Constitutional State: Сoncepts and Рrinciples.

A significant contribution to the theory of law brought the developers of the concept of separation of powers. It was first promulgated by Aristotle, who saw in the state of three elements: the legislature and the magistracy, the judiciary. The concept of separation of powers began to form in the teachings of John Locke, who singled out the legislative, executive and federative power. Today, most researchers suggests three main branches of government — legislative, executive and judicial branches.

First, the term «rule of law» formulated by the German scholar K. Welcker in 1813, and in 1829 his compatriot R. Mole introduced this concept in the legal-political revolution. In Germany, first consider the doctrine of the state of Kant, who applied the concept of «legal law» and the state defined as a combination of many people who are subject to legal rules, and to the state considered the idea of the rule of law.

The idea of law as a legal construction elaborated science of law in the XVIII — XIX centuries at a time when the constitutional system formed by European countries.

In the early twentieth century. S. Kotlyarevsky said: «The idea of the rule of law came into circulation of the modern civilized society» and «the belief that the state should adopt a legal entity, remains unshakeable.»

In modern legal literature, the rule of law is ambiguous, with different accents in its essential characteristics. According to some authors in the rule of law is considered the dominant rule of law, the second — the sovereignty of the people, and others — basic human rights, the fourth — and the power relations on the basis of individual rights. the rule of law, according to Yakovlev — a way of life of the community and its citizens, based on the rule of law, as noted by V. Nersesyants — the legal form of organization and implementation of the national sovereignty of the people, the opinion of P. Rabinowitz — a state in which the legal means really maximal exercise, safety and protection of fundamental human rights, in the opinion of Zorkin — the union of power and freedom started from the standpoint of humanism.

The famous German Professor K. Hesse identified the following characteristics of law pravoorganizatsiyny forktor State; the rule of law, guarantees the rights and freedoms, the establishment of a fair legal institutions that are responsible for the proper form of the state; the rule of law must be social.

In the scientific literature, a new generation of the rule of law is ambiguous. From the standpoint of B. Hropanyuka, the rule of law — is a form of organization and activity of the government, which is based on the relationship with the individual and their associations on the basis of the law. According to Komarova the rule of law — a form of democracy, citizens’ political organization, which operates on the basis of law, an instrument of protection and the rights, freedoms and responsibilities of each person. N. Vitruk believes that the rule of law is the organization and functioning of the public (political) power, as well as its relationship with the individual, based on the Constitution and laws in accordance with the requirements of law, the essential of which is the recognition and enforcement of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. In terms of A. Malko, the rule of law — is an organization of political power, which creates conditions for the fullest support of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, as well as the

most consistent connection with the rights of state power in order to prevent abuse.

State law currently in force in many constitutions of modern states, including the Constitution of Ukraine, declares as a state social.

Some authors argue that the concept of «social state of law» was first used in 1929 by a German jurist H. Heller as an alternative to the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie and the dictatorship of the proletariat. But the German scholar L. Stein in his «Modern Science and the Future of the legal and state in Germany», emphasized that «the welfare state is designed to always maintain the absolute equality of rights for all social classes, for the individual because of his power. It must promote economic and social advancement of all its citizens, because ultimately, the development of a playing condition of the other, and in this sense refers to the social state».

Looking to the foregoing, in our opinion, the social state of law — a state that: it provides such a position in society, in which the relationship between classes, nations, and other social groups are not brought to the civil wars, revolutions, social upheavals, social unrest, promotes decent standard of living for all its citizens, takes special care of disadvantaged people (disabled people, pensioners, the sick, etc.) places great emphasis on education, health, human life.

Key words: constitutional state, social state of law, principles.

УДК 340.1

Лисюк І. І. Значення дії соціальних норм у суспільному житті.

У статті розглянуто соціальні норми, які можуть бути змінені у короткий проміжок часу, інші норми, можуть існувати століттями без будь-яких суттєвих змін. Продовження дії соціальної норми залежить поперше, від її соціальної значущості, її місця в ієрархії норм, по-друге, від сприйняття її членами суспільства (наприклад, у випадку, коли норма стає традиційною).

Ключові слова: соціальні норми, дія соціальних норм, дія у часі.

Лысюк И. И. Значимость действия социальных норм в общественной жизни.

В статье рассмотрены социальные нормы, которые могут быть изменены в короткое время, другие нормы, могут существовать веками без каких-либо существенных изменений. Продление действия социальной нормы зависит во-первых, от ее социальной значимости, ее места в иерархии норм, во-вторых, от восприятия ее членами общества (например, в случае, когда норма становится традиционной).

Ключевые слова: социальные нормы, действие социальных норм, действие во времени.

Lysyuk I. The Importance of the Social Norms in Public Life.

The article deals with social norms that can be changed in the short term, other rules may exist for centuries without any significant changes. Extension of social norms depends firstly on its social significance, its place in the hierarchy of norms, and secondly, from the perception of the society (for example, if the rate is traditional).

The current time is heterogeneous, its richness of actions and events are different in different stages of social development and life of the individual. Time laid in all stages, types of human activity is subdued rhythm of time.

Noted that society has always set standards of public relations in this normalization should be included and the order and sequence pattern of certain acts, transactions, actions. This method of regulation changed with the development of society, and with it changed and Order: customs, archaic law, taboo, morality, law proto-state and civilized societies. Changed and the ratio of participation of each of these phenomena in the regulation of social relations. The right most reflects the character of society, because the concentration is not only moral and other legal materials, but always feels complex and multifaceted impact of economic, philosophical, political, social, and religious and gender factors of social development.

It is alleged that the social norm, including legal, by their nature static, as opposed to public relations, the essence of which is constant movement, that is time. This reality is a stream of continuous change, where people do things, working in the field of science, art, philosophy and politics, creating new benchmarks of social development.

It is emphasized that social relations are gradually overgrown outdated regulations that impede the achievement of real interests and objectives of activities. Old values and social norms that exist, clutter and complicate life. Public relations reject all obsolete and creating new norms for the period are benchmarks of human life.

Key words: social norms, the effect of social norms, action in time.

УДК 342.72

Луцький Р. П. Концептуальні підходи щодо розуміння сутності позитивного права.

Позитивне право — це право чітке, визначене, записане в законі, стійке, таке, що захищається особливими державними органами. Зазначено, що поняття теорії позитивного права виступають як базові, і лише від них похідні або тісно пов’язані з ними багато інших понять, які мають менший ступінь теоретичного узагальнення.

Ключові слова: закон, право, держава, позитивне право, природне право, юридичний позитивізм.

Луцкий Р. П. Концептуальные подходы относительно понимания сущности позитивного права.

Позитивное право — это право четкое, определенное, записанное в законе, стойкое, такое, которое защищается особенными государственными органами. Указано, что понятия теории позитивного права выступают как базовые, и только от них производные или тесно связанные с ними много других понятий, которые имеют меньшую степень теоретического обобщения.

Ключевые слова: закон, право, государство, позитивное право, естественное право, юридический позитивизм.

Lutskyy R. Concept Approaches in Understanding the Essence of Positive Law.

A positive law is a clear, defined, written in the legislation, stable law that is defended by the special public bodies.

It is possible to select in the theory of positive law the following groups of concept:

The first group includes concepts which characterize a positive law in its static. It is a concept of positive law, its norms, system, sources, and also concept of the system of sources of positive law (or systems of legislation).

The second group of such concepts embraces concepts which characterize a positive law in its dynamic that is in operation. Concept of action of law and its realization, legal relationship and legal fact, interpretation of law, collisions and admissions in it, legality and legal order, good behavior, offence and legal (judicial) responsibility, and also concept of efficiency in law are included into this group.

Concepts, which belong to the sphere of establishment of norms of law, their arrangement and making on their basis various legal decisions or actions, are included into the third group of concepts. These are concepts of legal creation, systematization of law and juridical technique.

Finally, the fourth group of concepts covers all other concepts not mentioned in the first three groups. It is a concept of legal process, legal practice, sense of justice, legal adjusting, facilities of law, legal system. It is necessary to say, that the above-stated concepts of theory of positive law are basic, and only their derivatives or closely related concepts have a less degree of theoretical generalization.

Key words: legislation, law, state, positive law, absolute law, legal positivism.

УДК 340.12

Львова О. Л. Принцип рівності у праві як ціннісна складова гендерної політики.

Дана стаття пропонує до розгляду один з таких ціннісних вимірів права, як рівність. В контексті цього досліджується поняття та роль гендерної рівності як ціннісної складової гендерної політики сучасної держави, спрямованої на забезпечення рівності прав людини незалежно від статі.

Ключові слова: гендерна рівність, права людини, право, принцип рівності, цінність.

Львова Е. Л. Принцип равенства в праве как ценностная составная гендерной политики.

Представленная статья предлагает к рассмотрению один из таких ценностных измерений права, как равенство. В контексте этого исследуются понятие и значение гендерного равенства как ценностной составной гендерной политики современного государства, направленной на обеспечение равных прав человека не зависимо от пола.

Ключевые слова: гендерное равенство, права человека, право, принцип равенства, ценность.

Lvova O. Equality Principle of Law as Value Component of Gender Policy.

This article offers the valuable measure of law as equality. It is observe the concept and the role of gender equality as a value component of the gender policy of the modern state, aimed to ensure equal rights of gender.

The domestic legal science is focused on fair treatment of persons regardless their gender is perceived as an integral part of democratic transformation and sustainable development of any society. The issues of equality in any field can not be considered outside the law, the law is understood as an equal measure of freedom to both men and women.

However, in reality, most weak part of the population remains vulnerable women, especially at the household and family. It requires further scientific achievements and efforts of politicians towards not only providing legal and practical and ensures equality of people and their individual rights regardless of sex.

Thus, the principle of equality is one of the fundamental principles of human rights. In the context of this principle in his article the valuable dimension and impact on gender policy and reflected in modern legislation.

In conclusion despite the existence of stereotypes in society as gender bias, nevertheless the value of the natural man and his needs and capabilities of today clearly overcome. The human being is inherent natural rights and its essence, which were not even been provided by law, receives today the victory over the «letter of the law» and revive in the minds people real life and the legislation. However, gaps are still the modus operandi of gender equality principle in rights on personal level, relations between the sexes within the family and life.

The above requires the hard work of state politicians and their deep belief and understanding that gender equality is one of the values on which the rule of law is built.

Key words: gender equality, human rights, law, equality, value.

УДК 340.1

Макаренко Л. О. Верховенство права як принцип природного права.

У статті розкривається принцип верховенства права, який є принципом головним чином природного права, що формує ті умови і способи життєдіяльності, які об’єктивно необхідні для нормального існування людини, функціонування суспільства і держави. Підкреслено, що принцип верховенства права має сенс лише у тому разі, якщо право розуміється як соціальний феномен, який має глибоке коріння в культурі, духовних традиціях і ментальності народу. Зокрема, правова культура є неодмінною умовою формування правової держави, її громадянського суспільства, здійснення суспільно-правової реформи, утвердження верховенства права в усіх сферах соціального буття, свободи, різноманітних способів і форм реалізації правового статусу особи.

Ключові слова: право, верховенство права, культура, правова культура.

Макаренко Л. А. Верховенство права как принцип природного права.

В статье раскрывается принцип верховенства права, который является принципом главным образом естественного права, формирует те условия и способы жизнедеятельности, которые объективно необходимы для нормального существования человека, функционирования общества и государства. Подчеркнуто, что принцип верховенства права имеет смысл только в том случае, если право понимается как социальный феномен, который имеет глубокие корни в культуре, духовных традициях и ментальности народа. В частности, правовая культура является непременным условием формирования правового государства, ее гражданского общества, осуществления общественно-правовой реформы, утверждения верховенства права во всех сферах социального бытия, свободы, разнообразных способов и форм реализации правового статуса личности.

Ключевые слова: право, верховенство права, культура, правовая культура.

Makarenko L. The Rule of Law as a Principle of Natural Law.

The article reveals the rule of law as basis of natural law that creates the conditions and ways of life which objectively necessary for normal human existence and functioning of society and state. It is emphasized that the rule of law makes sense only if the right is understood as a social phenomenon that has deep roots in cultural, spiritual traditions and mentality of the people. In particular, the legal culture is a prerequisite for the formation of constitutional state and its civil society of social and legal reform, rule of law in all spheres of social life, freedom, different ways and forms of legal status.

It is argued that to achieve the following state society and legal culture requires understanding the role of human rights in society as one of its most important cultural value. An individual becomes co-creator of law pursuant to the principles of freedom, justice, kindness, common good, humanity etc. when keep culture and spirituality. The humanity shall pass millennium of cultural and spiritual development until it came to specific local spaces to the critical mass of culture and spirituality, when it became possible to build the rule of law as the rule of law in action.

The rule of law in action is a huge testimony of history, culture, economy, politics and morality. It includes the work of many society sectors which naturally came to this stage of development. This principle in action means volitional desire and ability of people to live in freedom, honor and productively. This life includes respect to others (personality, dignity, rights to realize themselves fully, freedom as prerequisite for freedom and vice versa). Thus, the rule of law in action is the result of personal efforts.

The article emphasizes the culture as normal creative, spiritual, ideal, valuable and principle of transition to the legal reality. The transforming from is a purely phenomenon of civilization and social phenomenon in the culture, because it cares of saving social order and realization of harmonious relations between people in the spiritual content. Spiritual, cultivated society requires the same power as far as other callous governments simply does not suit to it.

It is emphasized that the rule of law makes sense only if the law is understood as a social phenomenon that has deep roots in culture, spiritual traditions and mentality of the people. In particular, the legal culture is a prerequisite for the formation of constitutional state and its civil society, social and legal reform, rule of law in all spheres of social life, freedom, different ways and forms of legal status.

Key words: law, the rule of law, culture, legal culture.

УДК 340.1

Міма І. В. Релігійні норми як соціально-правотворчі чинники суспільства.

Досліджено теоретичні аспекти релігійних норм, як соціально-правотворчих чинників суспільства; чітко визначено та охарактеризовано форми впливу релігійних норм на правотворення, зокрема виділяються: просторова (територіальний та соціальний аспект), опосередкована, безпосередня, вибіркова та смислова.

Ключові слова: релігійні норми, правотворення, правотворчий чинник.

Мима И. В. Религиозные нормы как социально-правотворческие факторы общества.

Исследовано теоретические аспекты религиозных норм как социально-правотворческих факторов общества; четко определены и охарактеризованы формы влияния религиозных норм на правотворчество: пространственная (территориальный и социальный аспект), опосредованная, непосредственная, избирательная и смысловая.

Ключевые слова: религиозные нормы, правотворчество, правообразующий фактор.

Mima I. Religion Norms as Social Lawmaking Factors of Society.

The article describes the cultural phenomenon in close relationship with religious norms. The law becomes universal and necessary phenomenon of world culture which is a condition of harmonious development of the legal system based on universal spiritual values of mankind due to interference of religious and legal norms in lawmaking process. It takes into account the national specifics but based on the undisputed recognition of freedom and democracy values.

The article provides theoretical aspects of religious norms as social lawmaking factors of society; It is and described forms of influence of religious norms on forming law: spatial (territorial and social aspect), indirect, direct, selective and semantic.

The influence of religious norms on the creative process is particularly important in the context of globalization, as a result of active convergence of different legal systems, cultures and traditions there is an objective need for a common cultural and legal basis for the interaction of different countries, societies, groups, communities etc. This law can be more critically affect the public consciousness and society, through an optimal combination of sound and content negotiation of legal and religious norms, based on comprehensive scientific and theoretical justification and proof.

Key words: religious norms, forming law, lawmaking factors.

УДК 342; 341.9

Мішина Ж. В. Медіація як альтернативна форма вирішення спорів.

Медіація в праві — одна з технологій альтернативного врегулювання спорів за участю третьої нейтральної сторони, безпристрасної, не зацікавленої в зазначеному конфлікті сторони — медіатора, який допомагає сторонам відпрацювати визначену угоду зі спору; при цьому сторони повністю контролюють процес прийняття рішення з врегулювання спору і умови його вирішення.

Ключові слова: угода, альтернативне вирішення спорів, медіація, третя сторона.

Мишина Ж. В. Медиация как альтернативная форма разрешения споров.

Медиация в праве — одна из технологий альтернативного урегулирования споров с участием третьей нейтральной, беспристрастной, не заинтересованной в данном конфликте стороны — медиатора, который помогает сторонам выработать определенное соглашение по спору; при этом стороны полностью контролируют процесс принятия решения по урегулированию спора и условия его разрешения.

Ключевые слова: соглашение, альтернативное решение споров, медиация, третья сторона.

Mishyna Zh. Mediation аs a Form of Alternative Dispute Resolution.

Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), a way of resolving disputes between two or more parties. A third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate their own settlement (facilitative mediation). In some cases, mediators may express a view on what might be a fair or reasonable settlement, generally where all the parties agree that the mediator may do so (evaluative mediation).

The activity of mediation in itself appeared in very ancient times. Historians presume early cases in Phoenician commerce (but suppose its use in Babylon, too). The practice developed in Ancient Greece (which knew the nonmarital mediator as a proxenetas), then in Roman civilization, (Roman law, starting from Justinian‘s Digest of 530-533 CE) recognized mediation.

Mediation has a structure, timetable and dynamics that «ordinary» negotiation lacks. The process is private and confidential. The presence of a mediator is the key distinguishing feature of the process. There may be no obligation to go to mediation, but in some cases, any settlement agreement signed by the parties to a dispute will be binding on them.

Mediation can function not only as a tool for dispute resolution but also as a means of dispute prevention. Mediation can be used to facilitate the process of contract negotiation by the identification of mutual interests and the promotion of effective communication between the two parties.

One of the hallmarks of mediation is that the process is strictly confidential. The mediator must inform the parties that communications between them during the intake discussions and the mediation process are to be private and confidential. In general, the information discussed can never be used as evidence in the event that the matter does not settle at mediation and proceeds to a court hearing.

The parties therefore agree that it’s a condition of being present or participating in the mediation and the document if necessary may be deemed confidential by virtue of the common law.

Parties who enter into mediation do not forfeit any legal rights or remedies. If the mediation process does not result in settlement, each side can continue to enforce their rights through appropriate court or tribunal procedures. However, if a settlement has been reached through mediation, legal rights and obligations are affected in differing degrees.

Mediation has opened the door for parties in conflict to resolve their differences through non-traditional judicial forums. Over the last few decades, mediation has brought to light the processes, or alternatives to litigation, that enable parties to resolve their differences without the high cost associated with litigation. An interesting remark made by Spencer and Altobelli (2005, p. 223): «Court systems are eager to introduce mandatory mediation as a means to meet their needs to reduce case loads and adversarial litigation, and participants who understand the empowerment of mediation to self-determine their own agreements are equally as eager to embrace mediation as an alternative to costly and potentially harmful litigation».

Mediation as a process involves a third party (often an impartial third party) assisting two or more persons, («parties» or «stakeholders«) to find mutually-agreeable solutions to difficult problems. People make use of mediation at many different levels and in multiple contexts: from minor disputes to global peace-talks. Mediation differs from most other adversarial resolution processes by virtue of its simplicity, informality, flexibility, and economy.

The typical mediation has no formal compulsory elements, although some common elements usually occur: each of the parties allowed to explain and detail their story; the identification of issues (usually facilitated by the mediator); the clarification and detailed specification of respective interests and objectives; the conversion of

respective subjective evaluations into more objective values; identification of options; discussion and analysis of the possible effects of various solutions; the adjustment and the refining of the proposed solutions; the memorialization of agreements into a written draft.

Key words: agreement, alternative dispute resolution (ADR), мediation, а third party.

УДК 34(477) (091) (063)

Музика І. В. Принцип історизму у царині досліджень вітчизняної соціології права кінця ХІХ — початку ХХ століття.

У статті розкривається зміст принципу історизму та його роль у методології соціології права. Розкриваються можливості цього принципу в пізнавальній діяльності вітчизняних соціологів права кінця ХІХ — початку ХХ століття.

Ключові слова: принцип історизму, соціологія права, історико-порівняльний метод.

Музыка И. В. Принцип историзма в области исследований отечественной социологии права конца XIX — начала ХХ века.

В статье раскрывается содержание принципа историзма и его роль в методологии социологии права. Раскрываются возможности этого принципа в познавательной деятельности отечественных социологов права конца XIX — начала ХХ века.

Ключевые слова: принцип историзма, социология права, историко-сравнительный метод.

Musicа I. The Principle of Historical Research in the Field of Sociology of the National Law of the Late XIX — Early XX Century.

The article reveals the content of the principle of historicism and its role in the methodology of sociology of law. The possibilities of this principle is in cognitive sociologists of domestic law of the late XIX — early XX century.

Рrinciple of historicism played an important role in the methodological tool of domestic law sociologists late nineteenth — early twentieth century.

M. Kovalevsky has shown that the principle of historicism (historical-comparative approach) allows researchers to overcome the opposition of objective and subjective factors in the historical and legal research. Researchers noticed that the problem of objectivity in sociological studies of law exists as a problem of correlation of past and present and noticed that during the study of the past should not be its modernization. They concluded that the law society should be studied on the basis of inherent specific periods of the history of law and specific laws and societies needs.

The main essential features of this principle was formulated by M. Kovalevsky, S. Dnistryansky, A. Piontkovsky and other sociologists of law before formulating the content of this principle in the development of the Soviet party methodology of historical and sociological and legal research. Heuristic possibilities of this principle, along with other principles and methods of scientific knowledge of the legal reality, are the opportunity for representatives of the sociological trend in jurisprudence to formulate the basic conceptual sociology of law. In particular, the following: the right is a complex social phenomenon, meaning, causes and characteristics of law depend on social, economic, political, cultural and other factors, the similarity or difference between legal development of individual nations is determined by social conditions and peculiarities of life of individual nations and social groups, the development rights are socio-historical process, caused by laws and social characteristics of humanity as a whole and individual

nations.

Key words: the principle of historicism, sociology of law, historic-comparative method.

УДК 340.12

Перепелюк А. М. Принципи та вимоги права як основоположні засади правозастосовчої діяльності.

В статті досліджуються спеціально-юридичні та основні принципи права, які визначають зміст правозастосовчої діяльності.

Ключові слова: правова ідеологія, принципи правозастосування, основні принципи права, справедливість.

Перепелюк А. М. Принципы и требования права как основоположные начала правоприменительной деятельности.

В статье исследуются специально-юридические и основные принципы права, которые определяют содержание правоприменительной деятельности.

Ключевые слова: правовая идеология, принципы правоприменения, основные принципы права, справедливость.

Perepeljyk A. Principles and Requirements of Law as Fundamental Principles of Law Application.

Legal doctrine is an important and integral part of the legal regulation of social relations. It forms the theoretical basis in the sphere of legal regulation. Ideology of law can be understood as a set of ideas and views on how to apply the rule of law. The ideology of law directly determines which values are realized in the process of law application. These values include the main principles which form the content of law application.

In this article we considered specially-law and basic principles of law that determine the content of law application. The principle of justice is fundamental in functioning of the whole legal system. First of all the requirement of justice uncovers itself in such categories that characterize the activities of law application agencies: impartiality, objectivity, timeliness, conscientiousness, proportionality. Ensuring of social justice is not only performed through the lawmaking process, but also with the help of law application, as even just law requires a fair use.

The principles of law application serve as reliable legal benchmarks that direct the activities of law application agencies. The basic requirements for process and outcome of law application are: legality, justice, validity, expediency. These requirements concern the procedure and the result of law application.

Thereby, the legal doctrine is an ideological basis and theoretical core of law-making practice and serves as an peculiar instruction for application of law. Furthermore, any decision in every case should be just and based on the fundamental principles of law(rule of law, liberty, equality, humanism), and also on specially-law principles, which form the basic requirements for application of law.

Key words: legal ideology, principles of law application, basic principles of law, justice.

УДК 34:37.09(091)(477)(043.3)

Потапенко Н. А. Організаційно-правові засади розвитку правової освіти у загальноосвітніх навчальних закладах України.

Проаналізовано систему правової освіти учнів загальноосвітніх навчальних закладів України, приділено увагу ряду проблем при вивченні курсу «Основи правознавства».

Ключові слова: правова освіта, основи правознавства, загальноосвітній навчальний заклад, правосвідомість, правова культура, правове виховання.

Потапенко Н. А. Организационно-правовые принципы развития правового образования в общеобразовательных учебных заведениях Украины.

Проанализировано систему правового образования учеников общеобразовательных учебных заведений Украины, уделено внимание проблемам при изучении курса «Основы правоведения».

Ключевые слова: правовое образование, основы правоведения, общеобразовательное учебное заведение, правосознание, правовая культура, правовое воспитание.

Potapenko N. Organizational and Legal Principles of Legal Education Development at General Education Establishments of Ukraine.

The one of the nowadays issues is legal education. Legal education of students has an important value in formation of national legal consciousness and legal culture.

As of today the system of legal education of students at general educational establishments is folded: Jurisprudence. A practical course (9 class), Bases of jurisprudence (10 class), Jurisprudence, is for the profile classes of general

educational establishments (10-11 classes).

Thus, the system of legal education of students of general educational establishments of Ukraine is analyzed at the article paid attention to the study of course of «Basic jurisprudence».

Key words: legal education, jurisprudence bases, general education institution, sense of justice, legal culture, legal education.

УДК 340.1

Ротару А. В. Механізм зближення національних правових систем.

Механізм зближення національних правових систем розглядається як глобальне явище, і як процес, який надалі постійно прогресуватиме. Виділяється ряд спрямувань процесу посилення взаємодії міжнародної і внутрішньодержавної правових систем. Актуальність даної теми обумовлена участю України у великій кількості міжнародних угод по зближенню права, а також її участю в діяльності як універсальних, так і регіональних механізмів по здійсненню уніфікації і гармонізації.

Ключові слова: інтеграційні процеси, інтелектуальні ресурси, інтернаціоналізація, міждержавна координація, міжнародне право, методи правового регулювання, національні правові системи, правова політика, правові норми.

Ротару А. В. Механизм сближения национальных правовых систем.

Механизм сближения национальных правовых систем рассматривается как глобальное явление, и как процесс, который в дальнейшем постоянно будет прогрессировать. Выделяется ряд направлений процесса усиления взаимодействия международной и внутригосударственной правовых систем. Актуальность данной темы обусловлена участием Украины в большом количестве международных соглашений по сближению права, а также ее участием в деятельности как универсальных, так и региональных механизмов по осуществлению унификации и гармонизации.

Ключевые слова: интеграционные процессы, интеллектуальные ресурсы, интернационализация, межгосударственная координация, международное право, методы правового регулирования, национальные правовые системы, правовая политика, правовые нормы.

Rotaru А. The Mechanism of Rapprochement of the National Legal Systems.

The mechanism of rapprochement of the national legal systems is examined as the global phenomenon and as a process which in future will make progress constantly. There is selected the row of directions in process of strengthening cooperation in international and domestic legal systems. Actuality of this theme is conditioned in participation of Ukraine in great number of international agreements on rapprochement of right, and also it’s participating in activity of both universal and regional mechanisms on realization of standardization and harmonization.

Key words: integration processes, intellectual resources, internationalization, intergovernmental coordination, international law, methods of the legal adjusting, national legal systems, legal policy, legal norms.

Свиридюк Н. П. Сутність принципів юридичної відповідальності.

У статті аналізуються наукові підходи щодо розуміння сутності принципів юридичної відповідальності. Наголошується на тому, що принципи юридичної відповідальності являють собою вихідні ідеї та засади, відображають перспективи та тенденції розвитку юридичної відповідальності.

Ключові слова: принципи права, принципи юридичної відповідальності, сутність принципів, система принципів, правовий вплив.

Свиридюк Н. П. Сущность принципов юридической ответственности.

В статье анализируются научные подходы к пониманию сущности юридической ответственности. Обращается внимание на то, что принципы юридической ответственности представляют собой исходные идеи и основы, отображают перспективы и тенденции развития юридической ответственности.

Ключевые слова: принципы права, принципы юридической ответственности, сущность принципов, система принципов, правовое воздействие.

Sviridiyk N. Essence of Legal Liability Principles.

The author of the article is analyzed the scientific works of scientists such as K. Basin, O. Ivanenko, V. Goncharenko, M. Kozyubra, N. Onishchenko, N. Parkhomenko, P. Rabinovich, O. Skakun who worked on the problems of principles of law and principles of legal liability.

Stressed that in essential features some of the principles of legal liability as remain insufficient and determines the relevance of scientific problems. Such situation author explains as in the second half of the twentieth century legal liability accounted scientists mainly on methodological principles of positivism and normatyvism and at this stage there is the use of other theories of law, among which is essential theory of natural law, which changes the ideological foundations interpretation of legal liability.

The idea that the dissemination of ideas of social naturalism is changing not only in understanding of the law, but some legal phenomena, including the principles of legal liability is justified. According to O. Kostenko, social life should be consistent with the laws of nature that are not physical or biological laws of nature, they are the laws of social nature. Such views and methodological approaches can interpret the law, its institutions and principles of modern humanistic position.

Pluralistic approach taking place in contemporary literature suggests that the principles of legal liability are defined as original principles, ideas and functioning of legal liability as a condition of bringing offenders to legal liability, as the criteria for development and improvement of the institution of legal liability, as the basic principles with the direct nature of, and used to prevent violation of law and justice in the process of bringing a person to legal liability.

Continuing the analysis features of understanding of the principles of legal liability, the scientist concludes that the system of principles of legal liability is necessary to distinguish two areas: social and legal, that is the system requirements of law.

The principles of legal liability described as embodied in legislation the fundamental ideas that are spiritual and moral position, which express the essence, nature and purpose of the institute of responsibility. Moreover, in the legal literature indicates that in law the principles of its importance aimed at establishing trends and prospects of development of society and state.

Thus, summing up the above, it seems possible to formulate some thesis which characterize the essence of the principles of legal liability: principles reflect the nature and content of legal liability, are original ideas and principles which must be based on legal liability, express the perspectives and trends in legal liability; characterize the level of development and perfection of legal liability as a legal institution, as a means of state and power of influence on society and individuals, provide in practice, common approaches and the effectiveness of legal liability.

Key words: The principles of law, principles of legal liability, the essence of the principles, the system of principles, legal effect.

УДК 340.11:32

Сотник А. Л. Евристичний потенціал правової політології в осмисленні політико-правової дійсності.

У статті автор розкриває евристичний потенціал правової політології в осмисленні сутності політики і права, особливостей їх взаємодії у сучасних умовах. Автор звертає увагу на роль та значення правової політології як нової галузі політичного знання в умовах формування правової держави в Україні.

Ключові слова: правова політологія, політика, право, держава.

Сотник А. Л. Эвристический потенциал правовой политологии в осмыслении политико-правовой действительности.

В статье автор раскрывает эвристический потенциал правовой политологии в осмыслении сущности политики и права, особенностей их взаимодействия в современных условиях. Автор обращает внимание на роль и значение правовой политологии как новой отрасли политического знания в условиях формирования правового государства в Украине.

Ключевые слова: правовая политология, политика, право, государство.

Sotnyk A. Heuristic Potential of Legal Political Science in the Comprehension of Political and Legal Reality.

The transformation period in Ukraine is accompanied by inevitable contradictions and lagging in the development of the adequate political institutions and law basis. As a result, there is a tendency of priority of politics, but not law as regulator of social relations. The law loses not only influence on politics but also own social value in society. It stipulates the necessity of providing political — legal researches in order to find mechanisms that will increase not only efficiency of administrative functions of the state, but also will create a stable legal framework of their functioning.

In this article the author examines basic approaches to law and politics and to peculiarities of their correlation in modern times. At the same time the author pays the special attention to research the influence of political factors on the development of the legal system, providing analysis of role and value of legal political science like a new field of political knowledge. Nowadays there isn’t much discussion in this sphere; therefore this theme is an actual.

The legal political science investigates not only influence of political factors on efficiency of the legal system, but also the essence of politics and law in modern terms. It discovers the genesis and socio-political action of law like a dynamic, political-legal phenomenon. At the same time the legal political science describes a law as a key point of value in society. The author asserts that politics must be based on the principles and civic values of community. They are the rule of law, the democratic principles of government, tolerance, justice, humanism and equality. In conclusion, the author says that methodological base of legal political science can help to improve legitimacy of public policy, efficiency of legislative process and quality of laws.

Key words: legal political science, politics, law, state.

УДК 341.018

Стрєльцова О. В. Загальні принципи права як джерело права Європейського Союзу.

У роботі аналізується система загальних принципів права Європейського Союзу, виокремлюються та розкриваються конкретні складові цієї системи та простежуються тенденції їх подальшого розвитку.

Ключові слова: Європейський Союз, джерела права Європейського Союзу, загальні принципи права Європейського Союзу, Суд Європейського Союзу.

Стрельцова О. В. Общие принципы права как источник права Европейского Союза.

В работе анализируется система общих принципов права Европейского Союза, выделяются и раскрываются конкретные составляющие этой системы и прослеживаются тенденции их дальнейшего развития.

Ключевые слова: Европейский Союз, источники права Европейского Союза, общие принципы права Европейского Союза, Суд Европейского Союза.

Streltsovа O. General Principles of Law as a Source of European Union Law.

This Article stipulates the General principles of law as important source of European Union law. Grounded, that since 50th of ХХ century principles of law in the legal systems of the European countries developed under integration processes in European communities, and European Union, created on their basis. Term «general principles of law, peculiar to the legal systems of member-states» of European Union was formulated as early in constituent acts of three European communities — Agreement establishing the European community of coal and steel 1951, Agreement establishing the European community and Agreement establishing the European community of atomic energy (both 1957). But neither the concept of general principles of law, nor their maintenance constituent agreements did not gave expose. In practice it resulted in that a task on filling of this blank was laid on the European Court of Justice. In the process of its activity he formulated some fundamental legal principles which had unwritten character and defined them as higher norms in the European Union legal system. Thus a Court used principles, common for law order of member-states and on practice of functioning of institutes and other bodies of European Union, and also on principles and customs of international law. Such judicial practice assisted that soon general principles of law were acknowledged and fixed in constituent acts which made alteration and additions in primary agreements. Now to basic principles of European Union law behave: principle of legal definiteness, principle of legal expectations, principles of proportion and subsidiary, principle of equality, principle of defense of basic human rights.

Key words: European Union, sources of European Union law, General Principles of European Union law, European Court of Justice.

УДК 340.1

Ступак А. Л. Принципи правового порядку: деякі аспекти розгляду.

В статті розглянуто правовий порядок в суспільстві, який функціонує за допомогою пріоритетів та основних засад, згідно з якими він формується та діє. Такими засадами є принципи правового порядку.

Ключові слова: правовий порядок, принципи правового порядку, правовий характер, підконтрольність, гарантованість, стабільність.

Ступак А. Л. Принципы правового порядка: некоторые аспекты рассмотрения.

В статье рассмотрен правовой порядок в обществе, который функционирует с помощью приоритетов и основных принципов, согласно которым он формируется и действует. Такими принципами являются принципы правового порядка.

Ключевые слова: правовой порядок, принципы правового порядка, правовой характер, подконтрольность, гарантированность, стабильность.

Stupak A. Principles of Law and Order: Some Aspects of the Review.

The article is dedicated to the legal order in society, which operates with the priorities and guidelines, under which it forms and operates. These principles are the principles of legal order.

It was mentioned that general social principles have to bring to prerequisite which are conditions of national and historical features of legal order in particular society.

It was defined two groups of legal order principles: legitimate principles (real) which guarantee the stability as a concrete form of the legal order in general (legal nature accountability, guarantee, stability) ideal principles which exists as a from of society interest (democracy, justice, effectiveness, stability, strength etc.). The legal order at the system of legal principles has real nature. It is necessary to differ it from principles of nature (constitutional, legitimate, regulated rights principles).

Key words: legal order, principles of legal order and legal character, accountability, warranty, and stability.

УДК 340.1

Сунєгін С. О. Основоположні принципи права: загальна характеристика та деякі аспекти реалізації.

В статті розкривається загальна характеристика основоположних принципів права. Підкреслюється, що ефективна реалізація принципів справедливості, свободи, рівності та гуманізму може досягатися лише за умови узгодження їх змісту з вимогами традиційної суспільної моралі, що має незмінні об’єктивні основи.

Ключові слова: основоположні принципи права, справедливість, свобода, формальна рівність, гуманізм, мораль, право.

Сунегин С. А. Основополагающие принципы права: общая характеристика и некоторые аспекты реализации.

В статье раскрывается общая характеристика основополагающих принципов права. Подчёркивается, что эффективная реализация принципов справедливости, свободы, равенства и гуманизма может достигаться только при условии согласования их содержания с требованиями традиционной общественной морали, которая имеет неизменные объективные основания.

Ключевые слова: основополагающие принципы права, справедливость, свобода, формальное равенство, гуманизм, мораль, право.

Sunegin S. The Main Principles of Law: General Characteristic and Some Aspects of its Realization.

The article discovers a general characteristic of the main principles of law. The author concludes that history of philosophical-and-legal thoughts and also social practice demonstrates and proves continually that to contents of notions justice, liberty, equality and humanism people contribute different criteria that acquire sometimes absolutely opposite meanings. According to the author opinion it is necessary to determine contents above mentioned notions, by making concrete their meanings in context of moral measurement, and also to disclose reasons, that are based on wrong perception and comprehension of this principles.

It should be noticed that in spite of different subjective treatments of the main principles of law, they all have objective foundations of their existence, among which necessity is first. As an example of such a wrong perception and comprehension of the main principles of law the author points at the Bill of Ukraine «about amendments to the acting laws (concerning providing equal human rights and opportunities to men and women in the field of labor)». With this Bill in particular it is offered to amend to the Code of laws about labour in Ukraine and some several legislative acts concerning the prohibition to discriminate in the field of labour with features of sexual orientation, without having in mind at all objective foundations and peculiarities of many jobs and appointments, that require, besides professional abilities and education, high level of moral qualities (for example, teacher or public official’s appointment).

In this context it is necessary to notice, that traditionally for law in total its main principles acquire wrong meaning, as in this case they start contradicting to the fundamental customs of human existence, created by nature. Thus, objective foundations of moral measurement of the main principles of law should correct subjective perception and comprehension of their contents. By this, wrong perception and comprehension of the main principles of law, as a rule, is based on a selfish aspiration to satisfy own interests only. Positive law should take into account and secure above mentioned main principles of law, by coming out from their objective moral measurement, that is coordinated to the fundamental customs of human existence, created by nature.

It is also stressed that effective realization of justice, liberty, equality and humanism may be achieved only by means of harmonization of their contents with demands of traditional social moral, that has objective unchangeable bases.

Key words: the main principles of law, justice, liberty, formal equality, humanism, moral, law.

УДК 340.125

Тарабукін О. Ю. Соціальна цінність права.

Досліджується категорія соціальної цінності права, її аспекти та детермінуючий вплив на суспільство. Розглядаються види дії права на суспільство, аналізуються наслідки правового впливу та їх результативність.

Ключові слова: соціальна цінність права, суспільство, соціальний регулятор.

Тарабукин А. Ю. Социальная ценность права.

Исследуется категория социальной ценности права, ее аспекты и детерминирующее влияние на общество. Рассматриваются виды действия права на общество, анализируются последствия правового воздействия и их результативность.

Ключевые слова: социальная ценность права, общество, социальный регулятор.

Tarabukin О. The Social Value of Law.

In this article author provides an analysis of the social value of the law. In particular, one of the main subjects of the article is the waylaw performs influence on society that goes beyond the positivist vision and requires a comprehensive

study of its social value in within the axiological approach. Aim for detailed study of law as a powerful instrument of social control brought by the need to research ways to improve the efficiency of law.

Author deals with the category of value of law and suggests the following interpretation as the ability to serve the purpose and an instrument to gain certain scientific and social targets, human needs and interests of citizens and their associations, an essential element of social life that allows for citizen to be himself.

Within this research author provides several criterion in order to develop an appropriate inner structure of the value of law. The optimal division can be formed with the following aspects of the right values: a) as a phenomenon, the meaning of which is to realize the vision of law (the value of its own right), b) as a special social control of public relations (instrumental value), c) as an achievement of human culture (historical and cultural value).

Social value of law is the main category in the axiological jurisdiction. It can be understood in two ways — as an instrument of social control and as a phenomenon, which exists in the specific historical and cultural environment in close connection with anthropological characteristics of man (mind, will, psychology) and different aspects of his practice (economy, politics, religion, morals, customs).

Law in this sense acts as a secondary factor that indirectly affects all processes in society, without regulator impact, but to ensure real and effective level of interaction between elements of the social system and also set social goals, formation of value priorities of all society. So, it becomes apparent that this structure requires strong and effective linking element that establishes balance and equilibrium in that system. An important aspect of social value of law is that it is a mediating link in the implementation of commodity-market institutions, governance, democracy, morality, culture, means of implementation.

Key words: social value of law, society, social regulator.

УДК 340.1

Тарахонич Т. І. Принципи юридичної відповідальності в системі принципів права.

Автором розглядаються різні підходи до розуміння сутності принципів юридичної відповідальності, аналізуються їх особливості, звернено увагу на основні принципи юридичної відповідальності.

Ключові слова: юридична відповідальність, принципи, принципи юридичної відповідальності.

Тарахонич Т. И. Принципы юридической ответственности в системе принципов права.

Автором рассматриваются различные подходы к пониманию сущности категории «принципы юридической ответственности», анализируются их особенности, обращается внимание на основные принципы юридической ответственности.

Ключевые слова: юридическая ответственность, принципы, принципы юридической ответственности.

Tarahonich T. The Legal Liability Principle at the System of Legal Principles.

Author has revealed different approaches to understanding the essence of the principles of legal liability, as well as analyzed it’s peculiarities, has underlined the necessity of direct fixation the deemed principles in the system of legal norms. There have been specified the legal features of the principles, that provide the possibility of profound understanding of the essence of legal liability and it’s interconnection with the common categories.

There have been defined the main principles of legal liability, such as: legality, motivation, justice, and non-reverse legal liability, presumption of innocence, right to qualified legal aid, prohibition of double liability for the same legal delict twice and more times, humanism, individual base, on-time principle etc. Several of them are common for both retro- and perspective liability, others — only to the stipulated types. Author has provided characteristics of the essence of the defined principles of legal liability.

Key words: legal liability, principles, principles of legal liability.

УДК 340.159

Ткачук А. С. Правосвідомість молоді як системоутворюючий фактор правової демократичної держави.

У статті розглядається поняття та особливі риси правосвідомості молоді як системоутворюючого фактора правової демократичної держави. Охарактеризовано сучасний стан правосвідомості молоді. Проаналізовано деформації, які властиві саме молодому поколінню. Запропоновано деякі заходи щодо оптимізації процесу формування правосвідомості молоді в Україні, зокрема, обґрунтовано доцільність прийняття «Державної програми формування правосвідомості та правової культури молоді».

Ключові слова: правосвідомість молоді, деформації правосвідомості, оптимізація процесу формування правосвідомості молоді.

Ткачук А. С. Правосознание молодежи как системообразующий фактор правового демократического государства.

В статье рассмотрено понятие и специфические черты правосознания молодежи как системообразующего фактора правового демократического государства. Охарактеризовано современное состояние правосознания молодежи. Проанализированы деформации, присущие именно молодому поколению. Предложены возможные пути оптимизации процесса формирования правосознания молодежи в Украине, в частности, обоснована целесообразность принятия «Государственной программы формирования правосознания и правовой культуры молодежи».

Ключевые слова: правосознание молодежи, деформации правосознания, оптимизация процесса формирования правосознания молодежи.

Tkachuk А. Legal Awareness of Young People as System-Forming Factor of a Democratic State.

The Articles deals with notions and special traits of youth legal awareness as a system-generating factor of any lawful democratic state. It is proved that the legal awareness is one of the most important forms of man’s and society’s conscience along with political awareness, morals, arts, religion, science and philosophy. It is stressed that the legal awareness in young people requires special attention as it is notable for maximalistic perception of innovations and external influence, flexibility, instability and emotionality as against other age groups.

The goal of the Article is to open the sense of youth legal awareness notion, stress its special characteristics, prove that the sense of justice is a system-generating factor of a lawful democratic state and suggest some optimization methods of the Ukrainian young people sense of law and order formation process.

The legal awareness of young people is suggested to be determined as a scope of legal views expressing the attitude of 14-35-year-old people to the law in force, its aim, tasks and regulation methods and means, and to appraisal of its rules justification and the idea of future legal system. This phenomenon is specifically characterized by impulsiveness, naive idealism, conformism, urge towards justice, radical perception of innovations and external influence, flexibility, instability and domination of the emotional over the rational. The present state of the young people sense of justice is characterized. And deformations typical of the young generation are analyzed.

It is proved that the young people legal awareness impacts the process of state formation, realization of law and abidance to its requirements by the addressees, formation of a lawful state and establishment of civilized legal order in the country. Formation of a democratic, social and lawful state and civil society is impossible without rising of their level.

Accentuated is the fact that the state of legal awareness of the young people in Ukraine requires certain corrections in the model of breeding pupils and students. The legislation regulating the legal and economic security of the young people needs to be improved. Expediency of adopting «The State Program of Formation of the Young People Legal Awareness and Culture» is grounded in the Article.

Key words: youth legal awareness, legal sense deformation, optimization of youth legal awareness formation process.

УДК 340.153; 34 (091)

Худояр Л. В. Принцип рівності в українському праві козацько-гетьманської доби.

У статті розкривається зміст та значення принципу рівності в українському праві козацько-гетьманської доби.

Ключові слова: принцип рівності, право, козацько-гетьманська доба.

Худояр Л. В. Принцип равенства в украинском праве казацко-гетманской эпохи.

В статье раскрывается содержание и значение принципа равенства в украинском праве казацко-гетманской эпохи.

Ключевые слова: принцип равенства, право, казацко-гетманская эпоха.

Hudoyar L. The Principle of Equality in Ukrainian Law of the Cossack-Hetman Era.

The article reveals the meaning and significance of the principle of equality in Ukrainian law of the Cossack-Hetman era. The use of modern historical-legal science category of «equality» allows you to more fully and objectively explore various aspects of historical-legal reality. First of all, it is important in the study of the legal system at different stages of the history of the Ukrainian people.

In the period of the principle of equality in Ukrainian law influenced the genesis of the national media had a sense of justice and legal ideology of the Cossacks and town dwellers.

During the Cossack Hetman era there existed a complex legal institution category of «equality». The idea of equality are the following concepts common to all social strata: the equal rights of the Ukrainian people from other nations of the Commonwealth and non-discrimination regardless of religion, ethnicity, residence, social class membership and property, equal rights to occupy public offices and positions in the organs governments, representatives of equal status of individual states (Ukrainian and Polish nobility, Ukrainian and Polish townspeople, Orthodox and Catholic clergy, etc.), equality before the court, the level of cultural rights, including rights to education and printing, etc. That establishment of the Institute of equality in Ukrainian law was similar to the formation of his right in contemporary advanced European countries.

Category of «equality» in the study of legal principles down Cossack-Hetman era becomes an important methodological importance, as it provides an opportunity to overcome the narrow interpretation of the law of this period as the only class, birth right, which was based on the principles of social, class and property inequality. Also, the category «equality» is of great methodological importance for the reproduction of historical processes of legal foundation and law-making and the formation of the Ukrainian legal tradition.

Key words: equality, law, Cossack-Hetman era.

УДК 340.0

Червінська Н. В. Роль основоположних принципів права у вдосконаленні законодавства України.

Стаття присвячена з’ясуванню ролі основоположних принципів права в законодавстві України, відповідно до правових позицій Конституційного Суду України та Європейського суду з прав людини, формулюванню на цій основі пропозицій щодо вдосконалення законодавства України, а також розроблення рекомендацій, спрямованих на підвищення ефективності правотворчої та правозастосовної діяльності в Україні. Автор приходить до висновку, що саме принципи права мають зумовлювати зміст законодавства,

а не навпаки.

Ключові слова: принципи права, Конституційний Суд України, Європейський суд з прав людини, законодавство.

Червинская Н. В. Роль основополагающих принципов права в совершенствовании законодательства Украины.

Статья посвящена выяснению роли основополагающих принципов права в законодательстве Украины согласно правовых позиций Конституционного Суда Украины и Европейского суда по правам человека, формулированию на этой основе предложений по совершенствованию законодательства Украины, а также разработке рекомендаций, направленных на повышение эффективности правотворческой и правоприменительной деятельности в Украине. Автор приходит к выводу, что именно принципы права должны

предопределять содержание законодательства, а не наоборот.

Ключевые слова: принципы права, Конституционный Суд Украины, Европейский суд по правам человека, законодательство.

Chervinska N. The Role of the Fundamental Principles of Law to Improve the Legislation of Ukraine.

Article is devoted to the clarify role of the fundamental principles of law in the legislation of Ukraine, according to the legal position of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and the European Court of Human Rights, on this basis the formulation of proposals for improving the legislation of Ukraine and develop recommendations to improve lawmaking and enforcement activities in Ukraine.

The author concludes that it is the principles of law should cause the content of legislation, and not vice versa. Therefore, domestic scientists to focus more attention on the analysis of primary sources — clarifying the content of principles of law in order to develop concrete proposals to improve the existing mechanisms of legal regulation, and at the same time modernize the legislation of Ukraine.

Fundamental principles of law provide the same formulation of the law and their impact on social relations in the form of legal regulation and other forms of legal enforcement, identify ways of improving the law, acting as the leading ideas of the legislator. Subject to consolidation in the Constitution principles of law provide a unity of process of law, its implementation and protection. The principles of law is the measure of legal and methodological basis for further improvement.

Key words: principles of law, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, the European Court of Human Rights, legislation.

УДК 340.1

Шаганенко В. П. Роль та значення принципів права в системі права.

В статті запропоновано систему принципів, які визначають формування системи права та її структуру, зокрема, такі принципи: єдності класифікаційних критеріїв системи права; взаємовиключення елементів системи права; виділення базису системи права; виділення підсистем приватного й публічного права; виділення підсистем регулятивних і охоронних галузей права.

Ключові слова: система права, принципи права, приватне й публічне право.

Шаганенко В. П. Роль и значение принципов права в системе права.

В статье предложено систему принципов, которые определяют формирование системы права и ее структуру, в частности, следующие принципы: единства классификационных критериев системы права; взаимоисключения элементов системы права; выделение базиса системы права; выделение частного и публичного права; выделение подсистем регулятивных и охранительных отраслей права.

Ключевые слова: система права, принципы права, частное и публичное право.

Shaganenko V. Role and Importance of the Principles of Law in the Legal System.

The paper proposed a system of principles that determine the formation of the legal system and its structure, in particular, the principles are: unity of the classification criteria of law, mutual exclusion elements of the law, the selection of the basis of law, separation of private and public law, the selection of subsystems and regulatory enforcement branches of law.

The necessity of forming a system of law with regard to the unity of the classification criteria of rights is indisputable: a vast array of legal norms that form a system of law requires some adjustment and organization.

It is noted that the objective prerequisites for building a legal system is the existing social relations within the regulation. One element of the law claimed to be the foundation, the basis of the system, of course, must cover virtually all or a significant majority of public relations. It is this feature has constitutional law, regulations and legal provisions which are the basis and find their development in other areas of domestic law.

It is ascertained that in legal science research trend right direction depending on the functional regulation of social relations and selection on this basis, areas of law with regulatory and protective functions. This new direction for legal science requests deep understanding of the classification and determine the place and role of each subsystem of law.

Noted that one can not simply transfer the law, to mark their place in the subsystem and system of law in general, to identify them, mutual and mutual influence, and give each area of law characteristics that will help not only to build a modern system of law, but also to predict the emergence of possible legal sectors and institutions in the future.

Key words: system of law, principles of law, private and public law.

РУБРИКА

"ПРИНЦИПИ ПРАВА: ПИТАННЯ РЕАЛІЗАЦІЇ"

УДК 340.1

Абасов Г. Г. Поняття принципу конституційного гарантування прав місцевого самосврядування.

Стаття присвячена дослідженню та визначенню поняття принципу конституційного гарантування прав місцевого самоврядування в Україні.

Ключові слова: принцип, конституційне гарантування прав, місцеве самоврядування.

Абасов Г. Г. Понятие принципа конституционного гарантирования прав местного самоуправления.

Статья посвящена исследованию и определению понятия принципа конституционного гарантирования прав местного самоуправления в Украине.

Ключевые слова: принцип, конституционное гарантирование прав, местное самоуправление.

Abasov G. The Concept of Constitutional Guarantee Principle of the Local Government Rights.

The article is dedicated to the determination of the principle concept of the constitutional guarantee to the local government rights in Ukraine.

Key words: principle, constitutional guarantee of rights, local government.

УДК 340.12

Айріян К. Б. Конституційний принцип рівності громадян у доступі до конституційного правосуддя.

В статті запропоновано створення інституту конституційної скарги з метою надання громадянину можливості звернення з письмовим клопотання до Конституційного Суду України про визнання правового акта або його окремих положень неконституційним, що надасть можливість захистити принцип конституційної рівності громадянина в доступі до конституційного правосуддя.

Ключові слова: рівність, конституційна скарга, Конституційний Суд України, доступ до конституційного правосуддя.

Айриян К. Б. Конституционный принцип равенства граждан в доступе к конституционному правосудию.

В статье предложено создание института конституционной жалобы с целью предоставления гражданину возможности обращения с письменным ходатайство в Конституционный Суд Украины о признании правового акта или его отдельных положений неконституционными, что позволит защитить принцип конституционного равенства гражданина в доступе к конституционному правосудию.

Ключевые слова: равенство, конституционная жалоба, Конституционный Суд Украины, доступ к конституционному правосудию.

Airiyan K. The Constitutional Principle of Citizens’ Equality in Respect of Access to the Constitutional Justice.

The article proposes to establish an institution of constitutional complaint in order to give possibility to apply to the Constitutional Court of Ukraine regarding unconstitutionality of a legal act or its provisions in written claim which will give a possibility to protect the principle of the constitutional equality of citizens in respect of access to the constitutional justice.

The provisions of Articles 24.1, 24.2 of the Constitution of Ukraine provide the citizens have equal constitutional rights and freedoms and equal before the law; there shall be no privileges or restrictions based on race, color of skin, political, religious and other beliefs, sex, ethnic and social origin, property status, place of residence, linguistic or other characteristics. This constitutional principle of equality envisages equal possibility of all citizens to protect their rights and freedoms in the court (Article 55.1 of the Constitution of Ukraine).

According to Article 43 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» citizens of Ukraine are subjects of the constitutional appeal right to provide the official interpretation of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine. However, citizens of Ukraine have no rights established by the Constitution and the law to apply to the Constitutional Court concerning unconstitutionality of a legal act with a written claim which cause constitutional inequality between a citizen and subjects envisaged by Article 150 of the Constitution of Ukraine, i.e. the President of Ukraine; no less than forty-five National Deputies of Ukraine; the Supreme Court of Ukraine; the Authorized Human Rights Representative of the Parliament of Ukraine; the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. This leads to violation of the constitutional equality of citizens in view of privileges granted by the state authorities.

This issue has been researched by the following scientists: A. Puzhanskyi, V. Bilous, M. Hultai, V. Kampo, T. Bryn, G. Papuashvili, S. Filonenko, P. Tkachuk, I. Polkhovska, V. Popeliushka, P. Rabinovych etc.

The fundamental characteristics of the constitutional equality principle of citizens are social equality of citizens, equality of citizens before law, equality of rights.

It is necessary to state that in Ukraine it is observes the problem of implementation the equality principle of an individual in access to the constitutional justice which is conditioned by the absence of direct application of the citizens’ right at the Constitutional Court of Ukraine concerning unconstitutionality of a legal act or its certain provisions in written claim.

By protecting the norms of the Constitution of Ukraine the Constitutional Court of Ukraine protects all human and citizens’ rights which are stipulated in it. According to Article 40 of the Law of Ukraine «On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine» the right to apply to the Constitutional Court with a written claim concerning unconstitutionality of a legal act or its certain provisions is provided only to the President of Ukraine, no less than forty-five Members of Parliament of Ukraine (Parliamentary Member’s signature may not be recalled), the Supreme Court of Ukraine, the Authorized Human Rights Representative of the Parliament of Ukraine and the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The content of this article restricts the rights of an individual and emphasizes privileges given to state bodies which indicate the constitutional inequality of individuals in access to the constitutional justice. Hence, it is so important to establish and to develop the institution of constitutional complaint in our state, i.e. the right of a citizen to apply directly with a written claim to the Constitutional Court of Ukraine concerning unconstitutionality of a legal act or it’s certain provisions.

The institute of constitutional complaint enables citizens to apply to the Constitutional Court on violation of their constitutional rights and freedoms by the law which was applied or is supposed to be applied in specific case in courts of general jurisdiction or in other state bodies.

Key words: equality, constitutional complaint, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, access to the constitutional justice.

УДК 340.12 (075.8)

Андреєв Д. В. Правосуддя як спосіб відновлення справедливості: аналіз засобів здійснення.

В статті розглядається динамічний процес розвитку правосуддя, починаючи зі стародавнього «ефекту залякування» до області абстрактної свідомості, коли ефективність покарання полягає не в його видовищності, а перш за все у розумінні його невідворотності. Крім того в роботі досліджуються засоби здійснення карного правосуддя. Особлива увага приділяється інституту реабілітації, як сукупності заходів, щодо поновлення особи в правах та юридичному статусі, які вона втратила.

Ключові слова: злочин, система правосуддя, санкція, покарання, реабілітація, амністія, помилування.

Андреев Д. В. Правосудие как способ восстановления справедливости: анализ средств осуществления.

В статье рассматривается динамичный процесс развития правосудия, начиная от древнего «эффекта запугивания» до сферы абстрактного сознания, когда эффективность наказания заключается не в зрелищности, а прежде всего в осознании его неотвратимости. Кроме того в работе исследуются способы свершения уголовного правосудия. Особое внимание уделяется институту реабилитации, как сумме методов, которые возобновляют лицо в правах и юридическом статусе, которые были утрачены.

Ключевые слова: преступление, система правосудия, санкция, наказание, реабилитация, амнистия, помилование.

Аndreyev D. Justice as a Method of Restoring Fairness: Analyzing the Ways of its Rendering.

Тhe article explains the dynamic process of justice development, beginning from the ancient «intimidation effect» to the field of abstract consciousness when the effectiveness of punishment is not in its stages but above all in the sense of unavoidability of punishment. Thereby justice does not take any more public responsibility for violence and punishment is being transformed from the art of inflicting incredible suffering into synonymy of suspended rights.

At the same time we research methods of criminal justice enforcement. The essential elements of criminal justice are sanction, rehabilitation and amnesty.

Particular attention is paid to the institution of rehabilitation, as a set of measures to restore the rights of individuals and his legal status, which he lost. More often we deal with automatic rehabilitation when the rights of every convicted person are restored after serving punishment. It looks like «erasing» his guilt before society. But, in case of legal errors, mass repressions, the society makes amendments for the innocent with the help of amnesty or remission.

Key words: crime, justice system, sanction, punishment, rehabilitation, amnesty, pardon.

УДК 342.086

Батанова Н. М. Принципи конституційно-правової відповідальності.

У статті досліджуються теоретичні проблеми принципів конституційно-правової відповідальності. Визначається поняття принципів конституційно-правової відповідальності, виділяються та характеризуються їх основні види.

Ключові слова: конституційно-правова відповідальність, принципи конституційно-правової відповідальності, юридична відповідальність, принципи юридичної відповідальності.

Батанова Н. Н. Принципы конституционно-правовой ответственности.

В статье исследуются теоретические проблемы принципов конституционно-правовой ответственности, выделяются и характеризуются их основные виды.

Ключевые слова: конституционно-правовая ответственность, принципы конституционно-правовой ответственности, юридическая ответственность, принципы юридической ответственности.

Batanova N. The Principles of the Constitutional and Legal Responsibility.

There are researched theoretical issues of constitutional and legal responsibility principles.

The concept of principles of constitutional and legal responsibility as fundamental ideas of constitutional law that reflected the nature, purpose and content of the constitutional and legal responsibility and patterns of its development and realization is defined. The basic principles of constitutional and legal liability include: principles of justice, humanity, legitimacy, inevitability, guilty of an act.

The study of the principles of constitutional and legal responsibilities are important direction of modern science of constitutional law, which aims at developing an integrated concept of constitutional and legal responsibility, improvement of legislative regulation and effective implementation in practice.

Key words: constitutional and legal responsibility, principles of constitutional and legal responsibility, legal responsibility, principles of legal responsibility.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

  G Analytics
разработка сайта веб студия