Анотації до статей 2015

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16


УДК 342

Куян І. А. Народний суверенітет як ціннісна конституційно-правова основа євроінтеграційних прагнень України.

Стаття присвячена дослідженню ціннісної конституційної основи євроінтеграційних процесів України та її забезпеченню у конституційному законодавстві України. Як провідний ціннісний орієнтир, логічний закон і філософський постулат демократичної, правової держави автор вважає принцип народного суверенітету. Цей принцип розглядається як соціальна та конституційна (конституційно-правова) цінність. Обґрунтовується пріоритетна роль і ключове значення принципу народного суверенітету в процесі подальшої інтеграції України до європейського співтовариства. Під таким кутом зору проведено аналіз основних положень установчих договорів Європейського Союзу та чинного конституційного законодавства України. Доведено, що установча функція народного суверенітету (як ідеї і конституційного принципу) абсолютно корелюється з метою і цінностями ЄС та його держав-членів. Наголошено на необхідності удосконалення чинного конституційного законодавства України в напрямі забезпечення народного суверенітету як ціннісної конституційно-правової основи євроінтеграційних поступів України.

Ключові слова: народний суверенітет, конституційні цінності, європейська міждержавна інтеграція, конституційно-правове забезпечення євроінтеграційних процесів.

Куян И. А. Народный суверенитет как ценностная конституционно-правовая основа евроинтеграционных устремлений Украины.

Статья посвящена исследованию ценностной конституционной основы евроинтеграционных процессов Украины и ее обеспечению в конституционном законодательстве Украины. В качестве ведущего ценностного ориентира, логического закона и философского постулата демократического правового государства рассматривается принцип народного суверенитета. Этот принцип, по мнению автора, есть социальная и конституционная (конституционно-правовая) ценность. Обосновывается ключевое значение и приоритетная роль принципа народного суверенитета в процессе дальнейшей интеграции Украины в европейское сообщество. Под таким углом зрения проведен анализ основных положений учредительных договоров Европейского Союза и Украины. Доказывается, что учредительная функция народного суверенитета (как идеи и конституционного принципа) абсолютно коррелируется с целью и ценностями ЕС и его государств-членов. Подчеркивается необходимость усовершенствования конституционного законодательства Украины с целью обеспечения народного суверенитета как ценностной конституционно-правовой основы евроинтеграционного развития Украины.

Ключевые слова: народный суверенитет, конституционные ценности, европейская межгосударственная интеграция, конституционно-правовое обеспечение евроинтеграционных процессов.

Kuian I. Popular sovereignty as a value constitutional and legal basis of European integration aspirations of Ukraine.

The article is dedicated to the research of the value constitutional basis of European integration processes in Ukraine and its ensuring in Ukrainian constitutional law. The author considers the principle of popular sovereignty to be a leading value guideline, logical law and philosophical tenet of democratic and constitutional state. This principle is viewed as a social and constitutional (constitutional and legal) value.

Popular sovereignty is a condition and means to ensure the interests of the people being a political community and a legal subject, as well as a key factor and important means of ensuring state sovereignty.
Proved is the primary role and key meaning of the popular sovereignty principle in the process of the further integration of Ukraine into the European Community. Emphasized is that for the Ukrainian people this prospect is associated with the implementation of their right to determine and change the constitutional order. Urgent is the constitutional and legal ensuring of intergovernmental integration processes based on the respective value guidelines.

Within this framework the author analyzes the main regulations of the EU constitutive treaties and Ukrainian constitutional law in force. It is proved that the constitutive function of the popular sovereignty (being the idea and the constitutional principle) correlates completely with the purpose and values ​​of the European Union and its Member States.

It is inferred from the EU constitutive treaties that the nations of EU Member States act as the intrinsic value; the integration is initiated for them, for the sustainable development of the society and the people.

Despite the consolidation of democratic principles of the Member States, the principle of popular sovereignty remains the basis of democratic organization of national states, so now one can not talk about the formation of the single European nation. The  above-mentioned reaffirms the current intergovernmental legal status of the EU (being an international organization) and the fundamental importance of the popular sovereignty  principle for the majority of its Member States.

Emphasized is the necessity of improving Ukrainian constitutional law in force in the course of ensuring the principle of popular sovereignty as the value constitutional and legal basis of European integration processes in Ukraine. It is noted that the constitutional acts of many European countries have special norms of membership in international organizations. Proved is the necessity of improvements in the Constitution of Ukraine in this direction, which is connected with the probability of acquiring the sign of "suprastatehood" by international organizations, which is expressed through the acquisition of public power and the right to use forcing. This "suprastatehood" should have clear legal limits established in the national legislation, first of all in the constitution. The determination of constitutional principles and the mechanism of the state's participation in international organizations creates certain guarantees of sovereignty.

Attention is drawn to the need to improve referendum legislation, in particular on ratification referendum issues. It is proved that the legal restrictions of holding national referendums should not (and can not) limit the right of the people to decide key issues of their statehood.

Special attention is claimed by parliamentary legislative procedures connected with the ratification of international treaties providing for the acquisition of state membership in international organizations, in terms of ensuring public awareness of their content and expected prospects, improvement of their expert support, constitutional control, decision making publicity etc.

Improvement of the constitutional law in determined areas will promote the principle of popular sovereignty as the value of constitutional and legal basis of European integration of Ukraine.

Key words: popular sovereignty, constitutional values, European interstate integration, constitutional and legal ensuring of European integration processes.

УДК 342.372.17

Ладиченко В. В. Право людини на питну воду.

Розглядається право людини на питну воду, його місце в системі прав людини, взаємозв’язок з іншими правами, зокрема правом на продовольство. Право на питну воду віднесено до фундаментальних і невід’ємних прав людини, без яких неможливе фізичне існування людини як біологічного організму. Право людини на питну воду розглядається як передбачені правом можливості людини на щоденне споживання необхідної кількості води належної якості.

Ключові слова: права людини, природні права, права та свободи людини і громадянина, право людини на питну воду, якість води.

Ладыченко В. В. Право человека на питьевую воду.

Рассматривается право человека на питьевую воду, его место в системе прав человека, взаимосвязь с другими правами, в частности правом на продовольствие. Право на питьевую воду отнесено к фундаментальным и неотъемлемым правам человека, без которых невозможно физическое существование человека как биологического организма. Право человека на питьевую воду рассматривается как предусмотренные правом возможности человека на ежедневное потребление необходимого количества воды надлежащего качества.

Ключевые слова: права человека, естественные права, права и свободы человека и гражданина, право человека на питьевую воду, качество воды.

Ladychenko V. The human right to drinking water. 

In article considered the human right to drinking water, its place in the system of human rights, the relationship with other rights, particularly the right to food. The right to drinking water is related to the fundamental and inalienable human rights, without which it is impossible to physical existence of man as a biological organism.

The human right to drinking water is considered as a possible human right provided for in the daily intake of the required amount of water of adequate quality.

Key words: human rights, natural rights, the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the human right to drinking water, water quality.

УДК 332.1:347.7:336.71

Кондрашихін А. Б. Інститут права інтелектуальної власності в інтеграції вищої освіти: ціннісна основа та роль для міста.

Розглянуто систему вищої освіти міста через категорії інтелектуальної власності, її прав, інтелектуального потенціалу в системі продуктивних сил. Запропоновано уніфіковану методику оцінки ролі прав інтелектуальної власності та ціннісно-орієнтованого підходу до праці вченого як головного виробника об’єктів права інтелектуальної власності.

Ключові слова: доктор наук, інтелектуальна власність, вища освіта, інтелектуальний потенціал.

Кондрашихин А. Б. Институт права интеллектуальной собственности в интеграции высшего образования: ценностная основа и роль для города.

Рассмотрена система высшего образования города через категории интеллектуальной собственности, ее прав, интеллектуального потенциала в системе производительных сил. Предложена унифицированная методика оценки роли прав интеллектуальной собственности и ценностно-ориентированного подхода к труду ученого как главного производителя объектов права интеллектуальной собственности.

Ключевые слова: доктор наук, интеллектуальная собственность, высшее образование, интеллектуальный потенциал.

Kondrashyhin A. The institute of intellectual property rights in the integration of higher education: the role and value bases for the city.

The system of higher education of the city through the categories of intellectual property, its rights and intellectual potential in the productive forces are considered. The role and status of intellectual property as an institutional element of social relations in the integration period changes are shows. Identify the main links in the innovation and intellectual spheres of production with reference to the basic parameters of the region. Allocated a place of higher education in intellectual creativity, scientific activity, invention and innovation at all levels – from basic (cathedral) to the mega-level of integration - the continent, the world as a whole.

Intellectual potential of higher education of the city - is the ability to aggregate universities and other entities for the provision of educational services, authorities in the field of higher education, the participants of the educational process, with a clear spatial (territorial) location, enter into mutual relations (educational relationship) to implement standardized functions in the educational process of higher education, to ensure the necessary quality of educational activities and intellectual property rights.

Base for exploring the human resource capacity of higher education are monitoring research across the spectrum of scientific disciplines, objects and subjects of scientific research department, faculty, university, region.

We propose a unified method of assessing the role of intellectual property rights and the value-oriented approach to the work of the scientist as a major producer of intellectual property rights. Analyzed the performance of universities in three cities and fullness professors as an important element of the development strategy of the territory. Separately within the hypothesis investigated parameters of the intellectual potential of university rectors of the proposed method. Showed excessive saturation of professors and associate professors Higher Education Sevastopol in comparison with other cities. This allows the non-destructive methods of socio-economic system of the city and its area of ​​higher education in strategic areas of conservation-based intellectual potential, its carriers in the period of integration changes.

Key words: Doctor of Science, intellectual property, higher education, intellectual potential.

УДК 342.55

Мяловицька Н. А. Правове регулювання місцевого управління в європейських державах.

У статті досліджується поняття місцевого самоврядування як форми управлінської діяльності, яка стосується відносин місцевого характеру та інтересів місцевих груп людей (комун, громад, територіальних колективів). Стаття визначає критерії для розрізнення між типами місцевого самоврядування. Також розглядаються питання правового регулювання місцевого самоврядування у федеральних та унітарних сучасних європейських державах.

Ключові слова: місцеве управління, федералізм, самоврядування, децентралізація, централізація.

Мяловицкая Н. А. Правовое регулирование местного управления в европейских государствах.

В статье исследуется понятие местного самоуправления как формы управленческой деятельности, касающейся отношений местного характера и интересов местных групп людей (коммун, общин, территориальных коллективов). Статья определяет критерии для различения между типами местного самоуправления. Также рассматриваются вопросы правового регулирования местного самоуправления в федеральных и унитарных современных европейских государствах.

Ключевые слова: местное управление, федерализм, самоуправление, децентрализация, централизация.

Myalovytska N. Legal regulation of local government in European countries.

Analysis of the nature of modern institutionalization of public life is one of the actual issues, attracting attention of lawyers today. And the question of local government as one of the most important institutions of public power, its forms and methods of control deserves particular attention.

In the literature there are different views on the definition of "local control". In our opinion, the most reasonable is the position of authors who define local government as a form of administrative activity which deals with the relations of local character and interests of local groups of people (communes, communities, territorial collectivities etc.) which provide some combination of the local interests with the governmental ones.

Relationships between states and their territories are diverse, so there are different types of local government. However, the type of local government provides only formal legal description and does not give a complete picture of the real degree of freedom of local communities.

There are the following criteria for distinction among the types of local government: a) legal status of the territorial communities of people; b) interests which should be pursued by the system of local government; c) the way in which the government controls its territories; d) conditions of formation of the local government organs.

Taking into consideration the above-mentioned criteria, four types of local government are distinguished: federalism, self-government, decentralization and centralization. One state may combine different types of local government.

The questions of local government in modern European states are primarily regulated by the fundamental laws, constitutions. The fundamental law plays a special role in the regulation of federal relations, in establishing the main features and details of federalism.

In the countries with self-government, laws adopted by parliament are the primary source of municipal law. If government is decentralized or centralized, the main part of the rules of local government is regulated by governmental acts. It should be noted that one of the main sources of municipal law of European countries is the European Charter of Local Self-Government.

In countries with a federal state structure adoption of acts of local government is within the competence of the federation.

Autonomy may be granted the right to regulate local government on the territories which are a part of an autonomous unit. In many federal states with autonomous units there is no single structure of the municipal organs and no system of relationship between local government and the state built in accordance with the general rules.

The rules of case law regulate municipal relations independently of the local government.  Acts of local law-making as well as administrative contracts, created by territorial organs are also one of the sources of municipal law.

A general conclusion may be made that in the majority of modern European countries local government is an important obstacle for the centrifugal tendencies in the political state system.

УДК 340.130.5

Венедіктов С. В. Локальні нормативно-правові акти в сучасних умовах господарювання.

Досліджено сучасний стан застосування локальних нормативно-правових актів в Україні. Зроблено висновок про те, що незважаючи на їх актуальність для галузі трудового права, на жаль, у сучасних умовах серед роботодавців — юридичних осіб, вони не набули належного практичного застосування, що викликане відсутністю відповідної сучасної правової регламентації. Запропоновано прийняття спеціального законодавчого акта, присвяченого цьому питанню, яким має бути надане визначення локальних нормативно-правових актів, проведена їх класифікація та встановлена обов’язковість застосування для певних суб’єктів господарювання.

Ключові слова: локальні нормативно-правові акти, джерела трудового права, колективний договір, правила внутрішнього трудового розпорядку, працівник, роботодавець, трудові правовідносини.

Венедиктов С. В. Локальные нормативно-правовые акты в современных условиях хозяйствования.

Исследовано современное состояние применения локальных нормативно-правовых актов в Украине. Сделан вывод, что несмотря на их актуальность для области трудового права, к сожалению, в современных условиях среди работодателей — юридических лиц, они не получили должного практического применения, что вызвано отсутствием соответствующей современной правовой регламентации. Предложено принятие специального законодательного акта, посвященного указанному вопросу, в котором должно быть дано определение локальных нормативно-правовых актов, проведена их классификация и установлена обязательность применения для определенных субъектов хозяйствования.

Ключевые слова: локальные нормативно-правовые акты, источники трудового права, коллективный договор, правила внутреннего трудового распорядка, работник, работодатель, трудовые правоотношения.

Venediktov S. Local legal regulations in the contemporary economy.

The article investigated the current state of the application of local regulations in Ukraine. The modern concept of local regulations means some compromise in the interests of the employee and the employer, which aims to complement and specification of existing labor laws. Unfortunately, despite their relevance to labor law, in modern conditions, among employers - legal entities, they have not received adequate practical application.

The current trends in the using of local regulations are caused by the following factors:

  1. The historical injustice, when the entire period of existence on these acts, despite their huge potential, they relied social, economic and even political functions that does not equate to the regulation of labor relations.
  2. Lack of appropriate contemporary legal regulation of local acts which would allow properly identifying, categorizing and organizing them. Thus, at present all kinds of local normative acts or «scattered» in the range of legislative which dedicated to regulation of labor relations, or, in general, have no specific legal regulation.
  3. The modern concept of «individual – local – central regulation of labor relations» at this time does not actually realized. Despite the fact that the above three types of regulating in practice often overlap, complementing and helping each other. For example, proper implementation of the termination of the employment contract by the employer is impossible without the use of local normative legal acts (staff list, provisions of labor certification, work rules).
  4. At present time there is no clear distinction between local normative legal acts. Thus they often overlap, or even duplicate each other. As an example, work rules, this in practice can be as independent local regulatory act and the part of the collective agreement. However, in the last case the procedure for revising these rules will be much more difficult, due to the spread of them with the legislation on collective agreements.
  5. In the present circumstances there is a steady trend of lack the initiative for employees and employers on adoption of local normative legal acts. This is facilitated by the lack of legislation regarding mandatory requirements of any local legal and regulatory acts. In this regard, the sides of labor relations cannot even guess at the existence of these acts, or the need for their implementation. That certainly does not support to the implementation of subjects of labor relations to their rights and responsibilities. For example, in the presence of properly concluded local legal act, employees are more aware of the requirements set for them by employers, and the employers will have an additional guarantee in observance of labor discipline.

All this requires of specific legislation, in which should be a definition of local regulations, their classification and set mandatory for particular entities. Besides, at the state level should be conducted politic to promote local implementation rulemaking, for example, the collective bargaining in large legal entities.

Key words: local regulations, sources of labor law, collective bargaining, work rules, employee, employer, labor relations.

УДК 347.91/95

Короєд С. О. Принцип вини у цивільному праві та його взаємодія з принципом змагальності в цивільному процесі.

Розкривається зміст принципу змагальності у цивільному судочинстві та принципів вини і добросовісності в цивільному праві. Обґрунтовується, що принцип змагальності є формою реалізації принципу вини (добросовісності, правомірності правочину) в цивільному праві, у зв’язку з чим у розуміння принципу змагальності закладається новий зміст. Робиться висновок, що суттєва сторона принципу змагальності повинна проявлятися, по-перше, у розподілі між сторонами в справі (незалежно від їх процесуального статусу) обов’язку доведення певних фактів відповідно до норми матеріального права з огляду на існуючий предмет доказування, а по-друге, в обов’язку суду слідкувати за неухильним дотриманням цього обов’язку і забезпечувати його виконання.

Ключові слова: цивільне судочинство, цивільне право, принцип, змагальність, вина, обов’язок доведення, предмет доказування.

Короед С. А. Принцип вины в гражданском праве и его взаимодействие с принципом состязательности в гражданском процессе.

Раскрывается содержание принципа состязательности в гражданском судопроизводстве и принципов вины и добросовестности в гражданском праве. Обосновывается, что принцип состязательности является формой реализации принципа вины (добросовестности, правомерности сделки) в гражданском праве, в связи с чем в понимание принципа состязательности закладывается новое содержание. Делается вывод, что существенная сторона принципа состязательности должна проявляться, во-первых, в распределении между сторонами по делу (независимо от их процессуального статуса) обязанности доказывания определенных фактов в соответствии с нормой материального права с учетом существующего предмета доказывания, а во-вторых, в обязанности суда следить за неукоснительным соблюдением этой обязанности и обеспечивать ее выполнение.

Ключевые слова: гражданское судопроизводство, гражданское право, принцип, состязательность, вина, обязанность доказывания, предмет доказывания.

Koroied S. The principle of guilt in the civil law and its interaction with the adversarial principle in civil Proceedings.

It is revealed the content of the adversarial principle in civil proceedings and principles of guilt and integrity in the civil law. It is proved that the adversarial principle is a form of implementation of principle of guilt (conscientiousness, legitimacy of the transaction) in civil law, in connection with this in understanding of the adversarial principle it is laid new content.

The adversarial principle in civil process is in the rights and obligations of the parties and other persons involved in the case, to submit evidence and their participation in the study, as well as in the competitive form of process aimed at achieving real circumstances, detailed revision of arguments and considerations of participants.

Civil Procedural Law aims to ensure the implementation of substantive law, which determines obliged person to prove the facts of a material relationship. Since using procedural law is helping to implement the substantive law, so the latter are certainly exercising its influence also on determination of the obligated person in providing of evidence in legal proceedings. This is concerning principle of guilt (presumption of guilt), which operates in the civil law and is affecting the determination of the obligated person to prove a fact in case of arising of civil dispute about disputing legality of actions by other participant of civil relations.

Analysis of norms of substantive civil law states that the burden of proof of the legality of actions (conscientiousness of actions) relies on the subject, which performed appropriate action, legality of which is challenged by the other party. Thus, participants of civil substantive legal relationships are required to justify those actions that each of them have done if such an obligation arising from substantive law norms. Proving of the circumstances in resolving of procedural issues also relies on the subject, which is responsible for appropriate proceedings.

Based on the provisions of Art. 129 of the Constitution of Ukraine, provision of evidence is the right (freedom) and not the responsibility of the parties. In other words adversarial principle in civil proceedings is the right to provide evidence and prove their credibility. The obligation to provide evidence by party – participant of civil relationships - some substantive and legal facts - is not adversarial principle but the principle of guilt. Therefore, the adversarial principle in civil proceedings ensures implementation of the principle of guilt.

It is substantiated the conclusion that the adversarial principle in civil proceedings has to enforce the principle of guilt and integrity, that are operating in civil law, and clearly allocate responsibilities for proving particular facts between the parties of civil relationships, and in no way is limiting the authority of a court to verify circumstances of the case and its verification of evidence within the subject of proof.

In this aspect, the adversarial principle should only be considered from the formal aspect that should provide for such a procedure in which a civil case considered in the way of a competition, dispute of parties, verification of evidence provided by the parties, as well as its established in Art. 129 of the Constitution, and also reclamation by court, in order of compliance with Art.213, 214 of CPC of Ukraine. In turn, from the content of the adversarial principle should be excluded its understanding on how the obligation of each party to prove the circumstances to which they refer as a duty arising from substantive law, and understanding of this principle as limiting of court activity to clarify appropriate circumstances and its verification by evidence.

It is concluded that a significant aspect of the adversarial principle should be manifested, first, in the allocation between the parties of the case (regardless of their procedural status) of the burden of proof of certain facts in accordance with the substantive laws with regard to the existing object of proof, and secondly, duty of the court to follow the strict observance of this obligation and to ensure its implementation.

Key words: civil proceedings, civil law, adversarial principle, guilt, burden of proof, subject of proof.

УДК 340.14

Щербанюк О. В. Судове право: пошук концепції.

Стаття присвячена судовому праву як складовій публічного права. Існування судового права пов’язується з наявністю зв’язків між конституційним, цивільним, господарським, адміністративним і кримінальним процесами.

Ключові слова: судова влада, судове право, правосуддя, суд, форми здійснення правосуддя.

Щербанюк О. В. Судебное право: поиск концепции.

Статья посвящена судебном праву как составляющей публичного права. Существование судебного права связывается с наличием связей между конституционным, гражданским, хозяйственным, административным и уголовным процессами.

Ключевые слова: судебная власть, судебное право, правосудие, суд, формы осуществления правосудия.

Shcherbanyuk O. Judicial law: search concept.

The judiciary, as a branch, performs a public function - the function of protecting human rights and freedoms of the individual. Bold your judicial protection in a separate function of the state due to the objective needs of social development.

The judiciary should serve the people most important aspects of implementation, to provide appropriate forms and methods of the sovereignty of the people in a particular field implementation. This basic constitutional function of the judiciary, its purpose is to protect the law. The adoption of the state over the duty to recognize, observe and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen implies concern for creating such a developed system of guarantees that would actually be able to implement it. And given that the remedy is carried out in all judicial proceedings, it appears as a complex interdisciplinary institute of law, that is, as a set of interrelated legal norms (institutions) contained in the various areas of law governing homogeneous group of public relations.

Raising the question of the place, role and essence of the theory of judicial power in the overall system of jurisprudence requires research of the concept of legal rights and analysis of its categorial-conceptual apparatus.

The concept of judicial law dates back to pre-revolutionary period. The issues involved in of judicial of law eminent scientists of the Soviet period. The question of the formation of of judicial of law considered Ukrainian scientists, constitutionalists.

In modern terms the concept of judicial law provides for the creation not only of science court of law, but also the complex area of ​​law based on the provisions of unification, uniting the issue of judicial protection of constitutional rights and freedoms of man and citizen.

The court does not have the right to consume or replace procedural field, it must operate at full development of all sectors of procedural law. The problem of human actors have been and are today very important. Given that the main role in the protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen belongs to justice, the protection of persons directly depends on the rule of law, democracy, humanity rules of justice, and the degree of implementation of law enforcement. Whereas the existence of judicial law also depends on the availability of links, general and specific features of procedural branches of law, we believe that today create the most favorable conditions for the integrated study of the problems of justice in all aspects of this area of ​​state activity, which is the judiciary.

The movement Ukraine to the European Union shows the recognition and respect for the rule of law, which leads to overestimate the role of the judiciary and gives rise to the formation of judicial of law.

Because the remedy is carried out in all judicial proceedings, he may rightfully claim to recognition as interdisciplinary institute of law, that a set of interrelated norms, institutions that are in various fields of law and regulate only homogeneous group of social relations in the field of justice. Litigation law is one of the components of public law, where the main subject and its binding its judiciary. The existence of judicial law entirely due to the presence of material properties and relations between the constitutional, civil, administrative and criminal proceedings. These include, first, the convergence of the subject regulations. In this case, the criterion industries association law supports this feature as direct work of the court, that is justice. By way of constitutional, civil, administrative and criminal process is one and the same state activity. This brings the subject of legal regulation. There is always a court and the parties acting as subjects of procedural relations, and the whole work of the court due purpose: to resolve legal conflict, the dispute between the parties and, therefore, decide that protects the rights and legitimate interests of the parties.

Key words: the judiciary, the judiciary, justice, court forms of justice.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

  G Analytics
разработка сайта веб студия