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УДК 340.1

Тарахонич Т. І. Правова аналітика та її роль у механізмі правового регулювання.
У статті охарактеризовано правову аналітику на різних рівнях наукового пізнання, а саме: як юридичну категорію та як вид діяльності. Розглядаючи правову аналітику як юридичну категорію, наголошується, що вона має як наукову, так і практичну складову. Розглядаючи правову аналітику як вид діяльності, підкреслюється необхідність враховувати ті особливості, які їй притаманні. Зазначається, що досить часто в науковій літературі використовується такий термін, як інформаційно-аналітична діяльність. Наголошується, що правова аналітика має наукову цінність та практичне значення. Вона надає можливість вирішити низку завдань, серед яких підвищення ефективності дії механізму правового регулювання.

Ключові слова: аналітика, правова аналітика, аналітична діяльність, інформаційно-аналітична діяльність, інформація, механізм правового регулювання.

Tarakhonych T. Legal analytics and its role in the mechanism of legal regulation.
The article emphasizes that legal analytics is not a new direction in ensuring the effectiveness of the mechanism of legal regulation. But along with this, in the legal literature this problem is not given enough attention, which causes the need to determine the place of legal analytics among legal instruments.
Тhе legal analytics is characterized from point of view of different levels of scientific knowledge, namely: as a legal category and as a type of activity.
Considering legal analytics as a legal category, it is emphasized that it has both a scientific and a practical component.
At the doctrinal level, legal analytics is considered as an important direction in the analysis of legal reality at the scientific and intuitive level through the use of appropriate techniques, principles and methods of scientific knowledge.
The author analyzes the practical component of legal analytics, that implies the implementation of certain actions through the use of various tools and techniques, indicating its predictive orientation. The legal analytics provides an opportunity for the relevant structures to adopt the most optimal, well-balanced solution in the process of solving a particular problem.
Considering legal analytics as a type of activity, emphasizes the need to take into account those features that are inherent to it. Analytical activity in the legal sphere is carried out within the boundaries of a society or state, it is carried out by the relevant subjects, in the process of this type of activity an appropriate tool is used, its purpose is the collection, accumulation, processing of certain data, as well as the analysis, synthesis and comparison of legal phenomena and processes, which indicates on prognostic orientation of legal analytics.
It is noted that such term as informational and analytical activity is used quite often in the scientific literature.
Information-analytical activity is carried out in various spheres of public life, whis using various means and analytical methods and aimed at achieving a certain result.
Among the tools used by legal analytics, the important place belongs to the methods of system analysis, comparison, etc. They play a key role in the study of the object of knowledge, and in this case – the mechanism of legal regulation.
It is emphasized that legal analytics has a scientific value and practical value. It provides an opportunity to solve a number of tasks, namely: orientation towards prediction of the development trends of a society or state, justification for the need to streamline social relations by adopting appropriate normative legal acts, the need for an examination of these acts on the subject of positive or negative consequences of their actions, the presence of gaps or contradictions in legislation and in general, risk management, improving the effectiveness of the whole mechanism of legal regulation, etc. The above shows that legal analytics can be used at different stages of the mechanism of legal regulation.
The main functions of legal analytics and their role in ensuring the effectiveness of the legal regulation mechanism are analyzed.

Key words: analytics, legal analytics, analytical activity, information and analytical activity, information, mechanism of legal regulation.

УДК 340.12

Тучіна О. М. Інститути прозорої взаємодії суспільства та влади як дієвий інструмент протидії номенклатурному правовому нігілізму.
Стаття розглядає лобізм з точки зору інституту, який здатний бути дієвим інструментом протидії елітарному номенклатурному правовому нігілізму в українському суспільстві. Використовуючи легальні методи впливу на прийняття рішень органами влади, спрямовуючись на просування інтересів цілих галузей, лобіювання здатне виступити інститутом прозорої взаємодії суспільства та влади і поступово дискредитувати існуючу наразі практику кулуарних домовленостей щодо інтересів окремих суб’єктів, які неодмінно супроводжується корупційною складовою. За умов повноцінного імплементування в українську правову реальність інституту лобіювання, останній зробить невигідним короткотривалий ефект, що досягається завдяки тіньовим перемовинам, та орієнтує на довготривалий ефект, що досягається шляхом офіційного діалогу зацікавлених суб’єктів із представниками влади. Використання апробованих часом механізмів, які пропонує практика, зокрема офіційного лобіювання, усуватиме елітарний номенклатурний правовий нігілізм як на рівні правотворчості, так і на рівні правозастосування.

Ключові слова: номенклатурний правовий нігілізм, елітарний правовий нігілізм, правовий нігілізм влади, корупція, лобізм, принципи лобіювання, адвокація.

Tuchina O. Institutes of transparent interaction between society and government as an effective tool for counteracting nomenclature legal nihilism.
The current state of development of the Ukrainian state is characterized by two diametrically opposite tendencies: the aspiration to the standards of a democratic and lawful state, on the one hand, and not developed to the proper level of legal culture, partly deformed legal consciousness on the other. One kind of such a deformation of legal consciousness was precisely the elitist nomenclature of legal nihilism.
The article considers lobbying in terms of the institute, which is capable of acting as an effective tool for counteracting elitist nomenclature legal nihilism in Ukrainian society. The problem of legal nihilism of state officials has always been present in Ukrainian society and has not been eroded as of today, as the European integration of Ukraine proclaims, the transition from «the Soviet past» to new democratic values has been proclaimed.
Using legal methods of influencing the decision-making authorities directing to promote the interests of entire industries, lobbying is able to make the institute a transparent interaction between society and the government and gradually discredit currently existing practice of unofficial arrangements for the interests of individual actors who invariably accompanied by corruption component. Given the full implementation of the Ukrainian legal reality of the lobbying institute, the latter will disadvantage a short-term effect achieved through shadow negotiations, but focuses
on the long-term effect achieved through an official dialogue of interested actors with government officials. Using time tested mechanisms offered by the practice, including the official lobbying away the elite nomenclature legal nihilism at the level of law-making, and the level of enforcement.
The study of legal nihilism of state officials, or «elitist» (nomenclature) legal nihilism, is especially relevant for a country that has chosen one of the main areas of its state policy to fight corruption, which is being followed in reforming national anti-corruption legislation, anti-corruption orientation of judicial, tax and administrative reform, reform of criminal justice.

Key words: nomenclature legal nihilism, elitist legal nihilism, legal nihilism of power, corruption, lobbyism, principles of love, advocacy.

УДК 340

Удала Я. М. Доступ до правової інформації: погляд крізь призму новітніх інформаційних технологій.
Статтю присвячено дослідженню питання доступу до правової інформації в контексті розвитку новітніх інформаційних технологій та запровадження електронного урядування. Розглядається поняття правової поінформованості суспільства як необхідної умови функціонування правової системи сучасної демократичної держави. Аналізуються основні ідеї концепції електронного урядування. Визначаються переваги та перспективи впровадження новітніх інформаційних технологій у діяльність органів державної влади та місцевого самоврядування у процесі здійснення ними правотворчості.

Ключові слова: інформаційне суспільство, правова інформація, новітні інформаційні технології, електронне урядування.

Udala Y. Access to legal information: a view through the prism of the latest information technologies.
The article is devoted to the study of access to legal information in the context of the development of the latest information technologies and the launch of e-government. The concept of legal awareness of society is considered as a necessary condition for the functioning of the legal system in a modern democratic state. The key ideas of the e-governance concept are analyzed. The advantages and perspectives of implementation of the newest information technologies in the state and local authority’s lawmaking process are determined.
Establishment and development of the information society is an inherent feature of the XXI century. Information and communication technologies are rapidly developing in the information society, and are advantageous conditions for effective use of the obtained information in solving the most important state issues.
The right to information is one of the most important human and citizen rights. The full implementation of this right and ensuring free access to information is of the highest importance to the public since it provides not only formal but the real participation of citizens in the life of the state.
The role of the information society in the legal and political areas is to provide freedom in receiving and distributing the information, which has an impact on the legal and political processes. The evidence of the transformation of the above processes is growth of participation and consensus found among different social groups of the population.
The active development of the information society generates a new round of legal and political culture with a wider implementation of the fundamental rights of every citizen through electronic means of communication. This, in turn, promotes democratic processes and metamorphosis within the state. More opportunities emerge for the legal activity of citizens who have wider access to legal documents and regulations and have the possibility to express their point of view through electronic media.
An increasing number of democracy researchers tend to believe that the old form of building democracy and the functioning of the legal system is no longer «suitable» for a society where more and more people can receive more information on different social and political issues through access to information technologies. Through these technologies, citizens shape their opinions on a variety of issues. That is why the problem of the establishment and development of the information society, «knowledge society» is quite relevant and requires further research.

Key words: information society, legal information, modern information technologies, e-government.

УДК 340.1

Хоменко О. В. Правова, семантична виваженість як складова обізнаності в праві.
У статті розглянуто «сутнісне наповнення» категорії «дефініція», її ознаки та характеристики. Окремий вектор розгляду присвячений відмінностям принципів права та дефініцій, дефініцій та правових аксіом. Крім того, автор наголошує, що є істотні характеристики дефініцій та так звані інструментальні або технічні.
Ключові слова: право, правова дефініція, принципи права, правові аксіоми, норма права.
Khomenko О. Legal, semantic reasoning as a component of awareness of the law
Modern law is one that must respond to the challenges of our lives and with it make it in time. One of the problems discussed in the recognition of efficiency, effectiveness, constructive law related to the semantic prudence law.
The principles apply to many areas of human activity. They actually become a reality with a certain ideological and educational value. While agreeing that the principles of law in this presentation is not an achievement of the rights of one of a State or several States a certain historical period, it should be noted that they are playing the entire history of law and all legal development, some principles are formed in the period of formation of Roman law and won their implementation and application in different historical conditions.
The rule of law is a basic, fundamental principles of the legal matter of legal doctrine and legal life. He is decisive in the formation of state institutions and society as a whole. In this sense the law serves the highest social value, the most important social reference. That they should be based legislator, establishing generally binding regulations, giving them normative.
As regarding definitions – is not so much the essence, «soul» of a certain phenomenon or object in the field of law as defining its name to denote a whole universe of other concepts and definitions of legal matter. In addition, one should
not equate definitions and axioms that do not require proof that there is obviously their truth.
Definition – the definition of an object or phenomenon in certain dimensions of time, but that does not mean that the definition is not subject to reconsideration and change, the emergence of new features to be sure they displayed. That definition compared to the axiom is true certain stage of scientific achievement in a particular scientific plane.
It should be noted that this statement are more concerned is meaningful characteristics of legal definitions. In addition, there are the so-called technical tools or their characteristics. In particular, such analysis may include placing legal definitions in different types of regulations. It should be noted that experts in the field of legal technique repeatedly drawn attention to weak analysis of specific rules location definitions.

Key words: law, legal definition, principles of law, the legal axioms of the law.


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