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Lvova O. L.

The scientific-practical Law Journal  Almanac of Law Volume 11 (2020),
138-145 p.

DOI:10.33663/2524-017X-2020-11-25

Lvova O. L. The moral principles of universality of human rights

The article is an analysis of morality as the characteristics of meaningful in the understanding of human rights as a fundamental principle of their universality.

Focuses on the understanding of the universality of human rights. Does this mean that any state expressly reserves all facets of universality (legal, moral) to join its public policy, or universality is based solely on the moral Foundation that emerged in the process of development of social relations and General acceptable for any order. 

It is noted that current processes of globalization, which seek to universalise human rights is a great challenge with respect to ideas about human nature. Universalization involves determining the value of a certain standard, a kind of legal standard or sample, usefulness and progressiveness which must not be challenged. 

The attention is paid to conflict legal and moral protection of human rights.

It is noted that from the point of view of morality as a means of regulation of social relations and a fundamental principle in ensuring human rights, particularly the criterion of universality, which is multicultural and international. 

According to the tradition of natural law, the authority of law inevitably relies on the connection of law with morality. So obvious is the importance of moral norms as a meaningful, inherent characteristics of human rights, that is what gives them universality. Because morality exists primarily in the minds of the people, no legal act is not able to fully reflect all the manifestations of public morality. However, numerous international legal instruments that protect human rights, issues of public morality sometimes takes an exceptional place, with this in mind, the analysis is conducted of the norms of international acts and national legislation. 

In particular, referred to the Law of Ukraine On protection of public morality, which defines the notion of public morality as a system of ethics, rules of conduct prevailing in the society based on traditional spiritual and cultural values, concepts of good, honor, dignity, public duty, conscience, and justice.

However in the state there is a lot of destructive phenomena that go against morals and which is caused by the impulses to tolerance, prejudice the rights of other members of civil society. In particular, we analyze the provisions of the Istanbul Convention, the provisions of which are inconsistent with the Ukrainian legislation and norms of public morality. Proves the impossibility of its ratification in respect of the unjustified creation of additional privileges for the gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender, which is contrary to art.24 of the Constitution of Ukraine, according to which citizens have equal constitutional rights and freedoms and are equal before the law and that there can be no privileges or restrictions on various grounds.

As a conclusion, the crisis of morality is stated, which, in case of further introduction of immoral laws into the sphere of human rights, will become a social crisis, a moral crisis of the Ukrainian nation, where there is no boundary between good and evil, love and hate, justice and public welfare.  it can benefit an individual or a small community. And the above-mentioned immorality at the level of implementation in the field of human rights claims to be universal and universal, regardless of the rule of law.

Keywords: dignity, globalization, good, morality, human rights, universality.

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