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Bilokon O. G.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
Almanac of Law Volume 13 (2022), 360-365 p.

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2022-13-57

Bilokon O. G. Exemption from serving a sentence with probation of a person who committed bribery, in case of concluding agreements in criminal proceedings

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of release from probation of a person who has committed a corruption criminal offense, including bribery, in the case of entering into agreements in criminal proceedings (reconciliation agreements and plea agreements). Analyzed. two different approaches that exist today in the theory of criminal law and in law enforcement practice regarding the possibility / impossibility of release from serving a sentence with probation of a person who committed a corruption criminal offense, based on part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

The first approach is that determining the content of Part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine should be done, first, by establishing its systemic connections with the provisions of Part 1 of this article. In addition, scientists suggest that the provisions of Part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine should be systematically interpreted also with other provisions of this Code, in particular with the provisions of Art. 69 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, part 1 of which contains a prohibition on the imposition of a lighter punishment than that prescribed by law for committing corruption offenses without any restrictions, that is, even in the case of concluding a corresponding agreement. The opposite interpretation, according to supporters of the first approach, indicates a violation of the systematic way of interpreting legal norms.

Scientists who adhere to a different approach note that parts 1 and 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine should be interpreted separately. At the same time, they note that part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine does not directly prohibit exemption from serving a sentence with probation for committing corruption crimes based on plea agreements for corruption crimes. In the opinion of these scientists, the refusal of a person convicted of a crime provided for in the footnote of Article 45 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine to be released from serving a sentence based on part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine can be legal only if appropriate changes are made to the legislation. This approach is also followed in the judicial practice of the High Anti-Corruption Court.

The article actually supports the second of the above approaches and substantiates it, in particular, by different adjustments to parts 1 and 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, the legal nature of the criminal procedural compromise. Arguments are given in favor of distinguishing a new type of agreement in criminal proceedings in the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine - an agreement on cooperation.

In order to avoid different approaches, it is proposed to amend Part 2 of Article 75 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine.

Key words: bribery, corruption criminal offense, release from sentence with probation, plea agreement, settlement agreement.

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