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Kostytsky V. V.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
Almanac of Law Volume 12 (2021), 24-29 p.

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2021-12-4

Kostytsky V. V. Interpretation of laws as form of law implementation

In the context of research of problems of modern legal understanding the article considers concepts, directions, principles of interpretation of law. The author briefly analyzes the existing schools of interpretation of law, draws attentionto the views of representatives of the analytical theory of interpretation of law (J. G. von Wright, O. Baker, G. Garth), the theory of argumentation (H. Perelman, R. Alexi), the theory of target interpretation teleological school) (G. Garth, A. Sachs, R. Dworkin), the classical principle of interpretation of law, known since the time of Aristotle (it is possible to understand only what is correctly formulated). It is argued that there are no rules of law that do not require interpretation, and the need for interpretation is associated with the processes of legal activity in general, first with the action of law, which implements the various rights and responsibilities of various subjects of law from physical persons to social or state entities. The subject of interpretation is called the rule of law itself, and the scope of interpretation the legal system. The concept of interpretation of the law is correlated with the categories of clarification and explanation: clarification refers to an intellectual operation to reveal the meaning of the rule of conduct enshrined in law, and clarification is seen as an activity to bring disclosure to the notice persons. It is noted that the interpretation of law covers not only the process but also the result of such activities, the materialization of which are certain written sources in which these results are recorded acts of interpretation of law. The acts of interpretation of the law contain a written confirmation of the results of the interpretation by the authorized subject. The article also briefly analyzes the principles of interpretation of law, notes the targeted nature of the interpretation of law, argues that the uniqueness of this type of legal activity is manifested in its purposes. The author also considers the features of the interpretation of law, provides a definition of the interpretation of law as intellectual, volitional and subjective human activity (as well as human groups, public authorities) to clarify (for themselves) and explain (interpretation, disclosure) ( for others) content and purpose, laid down in the rule of law in systemic unity with other rules of law, argues that the analysis of the concept, features, directions, principles of interpretation of law gives grounds to question the possibility of considering the interpretation of law as a form of law.

Keywords: realization of the law, interpretation of the law, principles of interpretation of the, signs of interpretation of the, directions of interpretation of the law.

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