UA EN

Kubko A. E.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
Almanac of Law Volume 12 (2021), 170-175 p

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2021-12-28

Kubko A. E. Protection of the state interests and the responsibility of State (some theoretical issues)

The protection of the state interests is an objective need, an obligation of the state from the perspective of securing thegoals of the modern state, implementation its functions as well as of the rule of law principles and respect for human rights.Nevertheless the states activities aimed at the protection of the interests of the state be it at the legislative, administrative of judicial level results on many occasions in the restrictions of the human rights, freedoms and the respective private interests, the deviation by the state from the safeguards of the fundamental rights of person. The said activities of the state should thus be assessed from the perspective of compliance with the basics of the responsibility-of-state-concept including both its domestic and international law aspects. Indeed, the international law in the sphere of human rights and freedom protection as well as the international investment law establish series of standards for the protection of the private rights binding on the state such standards being further developed in the jurisprudence of the international courts and tribunals. That said, in the framework of the states activities aimed at the protection of the state interests the specific grounds for the responsibility of state, emanating from the responsibility-of-state-concept, arise, Such grounds may be in general terms be divided into two groups. The first group of the grounds for the states responsibility comprises situations where the state authorities apply measures imposing restrictions on or interfering with the private rights and freedoms aiming at the protection of the interests which have been groundlessly recognized by the state as the state interests while such interests are not the genuine state interests in substance. The second group of the grounds giving rise to the responsibility of state relates to the situations where the genuine state interest of public nature requiring the protection by the state objectively exists, however the state machinery applies improper legal measures for the protection of such interest, that is the legal measures, be it in the legislative, administrative or judicial sphere, which are disproportionate to the state interests sought to be protected, specifically where the said measures employed by the state to protect the state interests are excessive or, to the contrary, insufficiently effective to secure the protection of the precise state interest in light of given social relationships.

Keywords: the state interest, the state, the human rights, the responsibility of state.

References

1. N. M. Onishchenko, S. O. Suniehin. Vidpovidalnist derzhavy pered osoboiu v konteksti rozvytku hromadianskoho suspilstva / Derzhava i pravo. Yurydychni i politychni nauky, 2014, Vyp. 64.

2. Rishennia Konstytutsiinoho sudu Ukrainy vid 30 travnia 2001 roku, 7-rp/2001, sprava 1-22/2001 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v007p710-01#Text (data zvernennia: 27.05.2021).

3. Bakumov O. S. Instytutsionalizatsiia vidpovidalnosti derzhavy: teoretychni ta konstytutsiino-pravovi aspekty. Avtoreferat dokt. yuryd. nauk, K. : 2021, 40 s.

4. Case of Anthony Aquilina v. Malta: ECHR, Judgment, 11 December 2014 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: file:///C:/Users/se1/Downloads/001-148636.pdf (data zvernennia 27.05.2021)

5. Maksymenko and Gerasymenko v. Ukraine: ECHR Judgment, 16 May 2013 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu :https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/fre#{itemid:[001-119688]} (data zvernennia 27.05.2021).

6. Dimitrovi v. Bulgaria: ECHR Judgment, 3 March 2015 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://hudoc.echr. coe.int/eng#{itemid:[001-152624]} (data zvernennia 27.05.2021).

7. Inmaris Perestroika Sailing Maritime Services GmbH and Others v. Ukraine: ICSID case No.Arb/08/08, Award, 1 March 2021 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/italaw1411.pdf (data zvernennia 27.05.2021).

8. Rishennia u spravi za konstytutsiinym podanniam 47 narodnykh deputativ Ukrainy shchodo vidpovidnosti Konstytutsii Ukrainy (konstytutsiinosti) okremykh polozhen Zakonu Ukrainy Pro zapobihannia koruptsii, Kryminalnoho kodeksu Ukrainy: Konstytutsiinyi sud Ukrainy, 27 zhovtnia 2020 r., 13-r/2020 [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v013p710-20#Text (data zvernennia 27.05.2021).

9. Ukraine: Statement by the Spokesperson on the fight against corruption after the Constitutional Court decision of 27 October, Brussels, 03/11/2020 Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://europa.eu/newsroom/content/ ukraine-statement-spokesperson-fight-against-corr_en (data zvernennia 27.05.2021).

<< Back

  G Analytics