The scientific-practical Law Journal
“Almanac of Law” Volume 12 (2021), 89-93 p
Lutsky R. Ð. The influence of unofficial interpretation through public opinion on the formation of the idea of legality, justice and law
Relevance of the study is caused by the often usage of the term «legal state» at the modern stage of the development of our society. With this some authors refer to the desire to emphasize that declaring itself as sovereign and independent Ukraine become at the same time the legal state and the other authors want to prove that the construction of such state is a matter for the longer term. Due to the article 1 of Constitution of our state, Ukraine is a sovereign, independent, democratic, social, legal state. But the realities of today clearly demonstrate that it is only a declaration. Ukraine is not a law-governed state, since it needs to overcome the number of problems that prevent it from being law-governed.
Formation of legal state in Ukraine is extremely difficult multifaceted process that includes not only formation of the authority structures that are able to ensure the compliance with the law and citizens’ rights but also the availability of a wide range of political parties and movements, social groups and strata with specific interests particularly in legal, political, social, economic behavior.
Legal state is such a sovereign state that functions in the civil society and where by legal means the real protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen are provided. It is based on the certain principles, the most important of which is the rule of law, separation of powers, the reality of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, legality, the presence of high legal culture of citizens.
Overcoming the deformation of legal consciousness and creation of condi- tions for improving of legal culture of population, active and conscious participation of citizens in the implementation of reforms today are the primary tasks of society and the state towards the development of civil society and legal state in Ukraine.
Keywords: law, positive law, natural law, society, rule of law, legal environment, interpretation of law, sovereign state, Ukraine.
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