UA EN

Khimyak Yu. B.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
Almanac of Law Volume 14 (2023), 404- 411 p.

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2023-14-404-411

Khimyak Yu. B. Current issues of the application of special confiscation in the field of criminal justice.

The article examines the issue of the application of special confiscation in the field of criminal justice, taking into account the requirements of international treaties, the legal positions of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, and the practice of courts of criminal jurisdiction.

 It has been established that certain controversial issues that accompanied the establishment of the institution of special confiscation are currently resolved, in particular by the practice of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine and the Supreme Court. In particular, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine verified the compliance of the criminal law institution of special confiscation with the Constitution of Ukraine and established the compliance of Articles 96-1 and 96-2 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine with Articles 1, 3, 8, 21, 22, 41, 58, 61, 62, 64 of the Constitution of Ukraine. In addition, the practice of the Supreme Court demarcates the legal nature of punishment in the form of confiscation of property and special confiscation as a type of criminal law, the provisions on the procedure of special confiscation based on Articles 96-1 and 96-2 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine in the manner specified in Article 100 CCP of Ukraine.

It was established that in those cases when a person uses property that belongs to him and that was acquired legally as one of the tools for committing a crime, the issue of the gravity of the crime committed, the sanctions of the criminal law and the application of special confiscation to the property of such a person can cause significant difficulties . At the same time, there are no special rules in the General Part of the Criminal Code of Ukraine regarding compliance of special confiscation with the requirements of proportionality to the committed crime, depending on its severity. The absence of such rules may lead to a violation of the requirements of Art. 1 of Additional Protocol No 1 to the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The risks of a possible violation in this area should be eliminated by consistent judicial practice. 

It was emphasized that in view of the establishment of legal grounds and the procedure for the application of special confiscation in the field of criminal justice, the issue of the application of special confiscation taking into account the principle of proportionality and the protection of the rights of third parties bona fide purchasers of property remain important issues today. It was concluded that in the absence of clear criteria for the proportionality of interference with the right of ownership in both substantive and procedural legislation (Article 100 of the ), the question of the legality of deprivation of property from the point of view of the proportionality of interference with such a right must be resolved in each specific case, and certain rules in this aspect should be provided by established national judicial practice. 

Key words: property, right of ownership, punishment, intervention, confiscation, special confiscation, constitutionality, criminal law measures, third party, bona fide acquirer, proportionality, case law, proportionality.

References

1. Bobrichenko V. V. Osnovy spetsialnoi konfiskatsii u traktuvanni Yevropeiskoho sudu z prav liudyny. Naukovyi chasopys NPU imeni M. P. Drahomanova. Seriia 18. Pravo. Vypusk 35,2021. S. 38 

2. Bidna O. Okremi aspekty rehlamentatsii zastosuvannia spetsialnoi konfiskatsii maina. Pidpryiemnytstvo, hospodarstvo i pravo. 2018. 9. S. 186190. 

3. Vynnyk A. O. Sotsialno-pravova obumovlenist spetsialnoi konfiskatsii maina yak inshoho zakhodu kryminalnopravovoho kharakteru. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav. 2017. Vyp. 2. S. 267281. 

4. Stan zdiisnennia pravosuddia u kryminalnykh provadzhenniakh ta spravakh pro administratyvni pravoporushennia sudamy zahalnoi yurysdyktsii u 2022 rotsi. URL: https://supreme.court.gov.ua/userfiles/ media/new_folder_for_uploads/supreme/ogliady/Stan_Pravosuddya_Criminal_2022.pdf 

5. Stan zdiisnennia pravosuddia u kryminalnykh provadzhenniakh ta spravakh pro administratyvni pravoporushennia sudamy zahalnoi yurysdyktsii u 2020 rotsi. URL: https://supreme.court.gov.ua/userfiles/ media/new_folder_for_uploads/supreme/Stan_Pravosuddya_Criminal_2020.pdf 

6. Rishennia Konstytutsiinoho Sudu Ukrainy vid 30 chervnia 2022 roku 1-r/2022 u spravi za konstytutsiinym podanniam 47 narodnykh deputativ Ukrainy shchodo vidpovidnosti Konstytutsii Ukrainy (konstytutsiinosti) statei 96-1, 96-2 Kryminalnoho kodeksu Ukrainy (shchodo spetsialnoi konfiskatsii) (Sprava 1-22/2012(391/20). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/va01p710-22#n155 

7. Postanova kolehii suddiv Pershoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 17 hrudnia 2019 roku u spravi 185/6228/18. URL: http://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/86566253 

8. Postanova kolehii suddiv Tretoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 02.09.2020 u spravi 761/48436/18. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/91460868 

9. Postanova kolehii suddiv Tretoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 27 veresnia 2021 roku u spravi 466/5842/20. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/100063329 

10. Postanova kolehii suddiv Tretoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 17 lystopada 2021 roku u spravi 375/1311/20. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/101283009 

11. Postanova kolehii suddiv Druhoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 14 chervnia 2018 roku. Sprava 366/1872/17. URL: http://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/74842644 

12. Postanova kolehii suddiv Druhoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 09 kvitnia 2020 roku u spravi 676/2199/19. URL: http://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/88749307 

13. Postanova kolehii suddiv Pershoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 09.04.2019 u spravi 138/2740/16-k. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/81722375 

14. Postanova kolehii suddiv Druhoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 01.12.2020 u spravi 520/16693/15-k. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/93268521 

15. Postanova kolehii suddiv Druhoi sudovoi palaty Kasatsiinoho kryminalnoho sudu u skladi Verkhovnoho Sudu vid 27.04.2021 u spravi 520/1470/18. URL: https://reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/96631985

<< Back

  G Analytics