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Okunev I. S.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
“Almanac of Law” Volume 14 (2023), 291- 296 p.

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2023-14-291-296

Okunev I. S. Forms of termination of legal acts at the will of the subjects of law: theoretical and legal aspect. 

The article at the general theoretical level examines the concept and types of forms of termination of transactions at the will of legal subjects under the legislation of Ukraine. 

The practice of applying legal norms shows that in certain cases the need to suspend legal acts arises in order to restore the state of legality, protect the rights and interests of individuals and legal entities, state and public interests, which, as a rule, occurs as expressed in the established form by the will of the subjects of law, the scope of which is defined by law.

The author singles out the following forms of termination of legal acts: «cancellation of a legal act», «recognition of a legal act as illegal», «recognition of a legal act as unconstitutional», «recognition of a legal act as invalid», «annulment of a legal act», «revocation of a legal act» and other. 

The article defines the concept of «forms of termination of legal acts» and their classification according to the described criteria.

Forms of termination of legal acts as provided for by the legislation of the system of actions, measures defined by law, aimed at terminating the effect (validity) of certain legal acts (parts thereof), occurring within the framework of a certain legal regime and carried out by entities authorized to do so, are diverse in current legislation of Ukraine. 

On the basis of the conducted analysis, it was concluded that the termination of any legal acts at the will of the subjects of the law is carried out in a certain order and by legal measures in various forms, which may differ among themselves: by spheres of implementation; by entities that have the right to initiate the termination of the legal act in a certain way; by entities that have the right to make a decision to terminate the legal act in a certain way; upon termination of the legal act; according to the legal consequences that occur in the event of the termination of the legal act in a certain way and for other reasons.

The classification of the forms of termination of legal acts allows to find out more deeply the essence, determine the grounds, the procedure for the implementation of the relevant forms with the aim of their correct selection by law enforcement subjects taking into account specific circumstances, increasing the effectiveness of the termination of legal acts, avoiding errors in the application of the law. 

Key words: legal act; termination of the legal act; forms of termination of the legal act.

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