UA EN

Tsvietkova Y. V.

The scientific-practical Law Journal
Almanac of Law Volume 14 (2023), 171-176 p.

DOI: 10.33663/2524-017X-2023-14-171-176

Tsvietkova Y. V. Special tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine: goals and prospects of creation.

The article analyzes the reasons for the creation of the Special Tribunal for the Crime of Aggression against Ukraine, comparing the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court and Ukraines interests in punishing the Russian Federation and its leaders. For the purposes of our research the methods of textual analysis, comparison, data synthesis, formal-legal method and forecasting method were used. Ukraine is trying to make the maximum use of the possibilities of international law and international organizations to punish the Russian Federation for committing the crimes against international law and humanity. It is established that the jurisdictional and procedural capabilities of the International Criminal Court only partially satisfy the needs of Ukraine. Ukraine has not ratified the Rome Statute - the main document of the International Criminal Court; and cannot ratify it during the declared martial law. Similarly, the Russian Federation itself and some allies of Ukraine are not parties to the Rome Statute. Therefore, to resolve these gaps, there is a need to create an ad hoc Special tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine.

At the moment, the creation of the Special Tribunal is supported not only by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, but also by the numerous international organizations and the parliaments of the different states: the UN, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Parliamentary Assembly of the NATO countries, OSCE, political, legal and social influencers, etc. The statute of the Special tribunal will be able to close the existing jurisdictional loopholes of the International Criminal Court, in particular in matters of determining the subjects of the crime, compensation for damage, and others. Based on the existing preliminary statements of the participants of the initiative group, socio-political influencers, experts and scientists, conclusion can be made that the Special tribunal will be organized through the UN General Assembly, the text of its charter will be addressing the issue of compensation payments to Ukraine and its allies from the seized assets of the state companies and the sanctioned legal and natural persons of the Russian Federation. The prospects of the collective responsibility and the prospects of convicting individuals in absentia will also be important issues.

Key words: Special tribunal for the crime of aggression against Ukraine, International Criminal Court, crime of aggression, war crimes.

References

1. Drabok I. Order dlia Putina: shcho vazhlyvo znaty pro MKS i do choho tut eks-prezydent Sudanu.Ukrinform. 21.03.2023 URL: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric-world/3685340-order-dla-putina-so-vazlivo-znati-promks-i-do-cogo-tut-eksprezident-sudanu.html

2. Slavko A. S. Okremi pytannia yurysdyktsii mizhnarodnoho kryminalnoho sudu. Pravovyi visnyk Ukrainskoi akademii bankivskoi spravy. 2014. 1. . 7781.

3. Hnatovskyi M. M. Sudovyi front zbroinoho konfliktu mizh Ukrainoiu ta Rosiiskoiu Federatsiieiu. Pravo Ukrainy. 2020. 12. . 7485.

4. Redouble efforts to end senseless war in Ukraine, UN chief tells Foreign Ministers. United Nations News.22/09/2022 URL: https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/09/1127511

5. Hnatovskyi M. M. Ukraina ta Mizhnarodnyi kryminalnyi sud: konstytutsiinyi aspekt. Voks Ukraina. 12/01/2016. URL: https://voxukraine.org/ukraine-and-the-international-criminal-court-a-constitutional-matter-ua

6. Rymskyi statut Mizhnarodnoho Kryminalnoho sudu. 1998. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/995_588#Text

7. Sirant M. Mizhnarodnyi kryminalnyi sud yak holovnyi orhan iz protydii ahresii. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu Lvivska politekhnika. Seriia: Yurydychni nauky. 2018. 889, 17. . 192197.

8. Statement calling for the creation of a special tribunal for the punishment of the crime of aggression against Ukraine. 04.03.2022 URL: https://www.eurointegration.com.ua/files/a/a/aad78ad-combined-statementand-declaration-1-.pdf?fbclid=IwAR0SicvFy3L9aRpVORIm7lmX_coA5UOSwVGSiqUUbOqVUtT9_IXGhPYECOE

9. Statement by President von der Leyen on the establishment of the International Centre for the Prosecution of Crimes of Aggression against Ukraine 04/03/2023.
URL: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/
en/statement_23_1363.

10. Joint statement on the need to prosecute Russias international crimes in Ukraine.
URL: https://www.ft.dk/ samling/20222/almdel/UPN/bilag/20/2653156/index.htm

11. Zvernennia Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy do OON, Yevropeiskoho Parlamentu, Parlamentskoi Asamblei Rady Yevropy, Parlamentskoi Asamblei NATO, Parlamentskoi Asamblei OBSIe, Parlamentskoi Asamblei HUAM, natsionalnykh parlamentiv inozemnykh derzhav stosovno stvorennia Spetsialnoho mizhnarodnoho trybunalu shchodo zlochynu ahresii proty Ukrainy 7.10.2022 URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2663-20#Text

12. Zaiava Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy pro neobkhidnist zabezpechennia vidpovidalnosti osib, vynnykh u vchynenni naitiazhchykh zlochyniv za mizhnarodnym pravom na terytorii Ukrainy 20.03.2023. URL: https://zakon.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/2961-20#Text

13. Ukraine war: MEPs push for special tribunal to punish Russian crimes. Press release. European Parliament News. 19.01.2023. URL: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/press-room/20230113IPR66653/ukrainewar-meps-push-for-special-tribunal-to-punish-russian-crimes

14. Legal and human rights aspects of the Russian Federations aggression against Ukraine. PACE. 26.01.2023.
URL: https://pace.coe.int/en/files/31620

15. With ongoing war in Ukraine, parliamentarians adopt Birmingham Declaration with recommendations to build peace and security in the OSCE area. OSCE. URL: https://www.osce.org/parliamentary-assembly/522145
URL: https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/3/e/522616.pdf

16. Corell H. Spetsialnyi trybunal dlia Ukrainy shchodo zlochynu ahresii rol Heneralnoi Asamblei OON. 14.02.2023 URL: https://www.justsecurity.org/85131/special-tribunal-ukraine-crime-of-aggression-role-ofun-ua/

17. Antonovych M. M. Indyvidualna ta kolektyvna vidpovidalnist za zlochyny proty liudstva zghidno z mizhnarodnym pravom. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA. 1999. T. 9 (2): Spetsialnyi vypusk. . 233234.

18. Malovatskyi O. Mizhnarodno-pravova vidpovidalnist derzhavy za mizhnarodni nepravomirni akty: aktualni teoretyko-doktrynalni pidkhody do vyznachennia ta rozuminnia. Evropský politický a právní diskurz. 2018. Sv. 5, Vyd. 4. . 25 46. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/evrpol_2018_5_4_6.

<< Back

  G Analytics